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Title: Presentation Plus! Subject: Glencoe World Geography Author: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, Inc. Last modified by: Local Administrator Created Date: 4/5/2002 1:53:25 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Splash%20Screen


1
Splash Screen
2
Intro 1
3
Section 1-4
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again.
4
Section 1-6
Seas, Peninsulas, and Islands
  • Struggle with the Sea Most of Europe lies within
    300 miles (483 km) of a seacoast. ?
  • This closeness to the sea has shaped the
    lifestyles of Europeans. ?
  • About 25 percent of the Netherlands lies below
    sea level. ?
  • The Dutch have built dikes to hold back the
    waters. ?

(pages 271274)
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5
Section 1-7
Seas, Peninsulas, and Islands (cont.)
  • The Northern Peninsulas The Scandinavian
    Peninsula in northern Europe is mountainous. ?
  • Ice Age glaciers melted here, leaving thousands
    of lakes. ?

(pages 271274)
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6
Section 1-8
Seas, Peninsulas, and Islands (cont.)
(pages 271274)
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again.
7
Section 1-9
Seas, Peninsulas, and Islands (cont.)
  • The Southern Peninsulas
  • Southwestern Europes Iberian Peninsula, home to
    Spain and Portugal, separates the Mediterranean
    Sea from the Atlantic Ocean. ?

(pages 271274)
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8
Section 1-11
Seas, Peninsulas, and Islands (cont.)
  • Europes Islands Iceland, an island south of the
    Arctic Circle in the North Atlantic Ocean,
    features volcanoes, hot springs, and geysers. ?
  • The British Islesprimarily Ireland and Great
    Britainare cool, hilly, and rainy. ?
  • In the Mediterranean, five large islandsSicily,
    Corsica, Sardinia, Cyprus, andCreteall have
    rugged terrain and volcanic mountains.

(pages 271274)
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9
Section 1-12
Seas, Peninsulas, and Islands (cont.)
  • Greeces nearly 2,000 islands in the Aegean Sea
    have rugged landscapes and a sunny climate that
    attracts tourists.

(pages 271274)
10
Section 1-13
Seas, Peninsulas, and Islands (cont.)
How do you think the Pyrenees and the Apennines
affected European history?
Possible answers Mountain ranges were obstacles
to travel. The Pyrenees to some extent protected
Spain and Portugal from northern invaders but
also isolated them from the rest of Europe. The
Apennines may have hindered Italian unity by
creating separate, regional cultures and
traditions.
(pages 271274)
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11
Section 1-15
Mountains and Plains (cont.)
  • Plains Regions The fertile North European Plain
    stretches from southeastern England and western
    France to Russia. ?
  • A major agricultural region, the plain is home
    to some of Europes largest cities. ?

(pages 274275)
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12
Section 1-17
Water Systems
  • The rivers of Europe flow from inland mountains
    and highlands to the coasts ?
  • ?
  • Englands Thames River, however, allows ships
    easy access to the inland city of London.

(pages 275276)
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13
Section 1-18
Water Systems (cont.)
  • The Rhine, western Europes major river, runs
    through France and Germany into the Netherlands,
    connecting inland industrial cities to the North
    Sea. ?
  • The Danube, eastern Europes major river, flows
    from Germanys Black Forest to the Black Sea. ?
  • The Main-Danube Canal, completed in 1992, links
    the North Sea and the Black Sea.

(pages 275276)
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14
Section 1-19
Water Systems (cont.)
(pages 275276)
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again.
15
Section 1-21
Natural Resources
  • Europes abundant supply of coal and iron
    supported the development of modern industry. ?
  • Today, many European coalfields are depleted. ?
  • Most Europeans rely on coal, oil, natural gas,
    and nuclear and hydroelectric power.

(page 276)
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16
Section 1-25
Critical Thinking
Making Generalizations Europes Mediterranean
islands are popular vacation destinations. What
physical features make these islands attractive
to tourists?
A warm climate, beautiful coastlines, and ocean
sports like snorkeling, water skiing,
parasailing, and fishing draw tourists from
around the world.
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display the answer.
17
Section 1-26
Critical Thinking
Drawing Conclusions How does Europes network of
rivers and canals contribute to industrial
development in the region?
The Rhine and the Danube rivers can accommodate
large ships and barges. Because of their links
to the North and Black Seas, Europes rivers
provide important trade outlets for the
continents cities and industries.
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display the answer.
18
Section 1-27
Analyzing Maps
Location Study the physical-political map of
Europe at right. What part of Europe has the
lowest elevation? The highest?
The Netherlands has the lowest elevation, and
highest are the Pyrenees and the Alps.
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display the answer.
19
Section 1-29
Close
Write a short essay on a part of Europe you would
like to visit. Mention what physical features of
the country, island, province, or region help
make that place interesting to you.
20
Section 2-4
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again.
21
Section 2-5
Europes physical geography and climate have made
it a popular setting for winter Olympiads.
Because winter Olympic sports require ice or
snow, they are usually held in countries with
cold climates and high elevations. Europes Alps,
for example, are perfect for skiing. Of 19 winter
Olympiads since 1924, 11 have been held in
Europethree in France two each in Switzerland,
Norway, and Austria and one each in Germany and
Italy. The 2006 Winter Olympics also will be held
in Italy.
22
Section 2-6
Water and Land
  • European climates vary according to distance from
    the sea. ?
  • Countries closer to warm Atlantic ocean currents
    and winds have milder temperatures than those
    farther east and north. ?
  • Vegetation varies according to climate.

(pages 277278)
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23
Section 2-8
Western Europe
  • Trees and Highlands Forests in the region
    include varieties of deciduous and evergreen
    trees. ?
  • Conifers thrive in cooler sections of the region,
    such as the mountains. ?
  • The Alps have a highlands climate with colder
    temperatures and more precipitation than nearby
    lowland areas.

(pages 278280)
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24
Section 2-9
Western Europe (cont.)
  • Irelands Forests Much of Europe was originally
    forested, but over the centuries people have
    cleared away many of the trees. ?
  • For example, by 1922 Ireland had cut down 99
    percent of its original forest. ?
  • Government-sponsored reforestation efforts, as
    well as those of private groups, have increased
    woodland areas.

(pages 278280)
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25
Section 2-11
Southern Europe
  • Most of southern Europe has a Mediterranean
    climate with warm, dry summers and mild, rainy
    winters. ?
  • The Alps block moist Atlantic winds, so less
    precipitation falls in southern Europe than in
    northwestern Europe. ?
  • Siroccoshigh, dry winds from North
    Africasometimes bring hot weather to Europe.

(pages 280281)
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26
Section 2-13
Eastern and Northern Europe
  • Eastern and northern areas of Europe have a humid
    continental climatecold, snowy winters and hot
    summers. ?

(page 281)
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27
Section 2-14
Eastern and Northern Europe (cont.)
  • Grasslands cover much of eastern Europe,
    especially Hungary and Romania. ?
  • Far northern parts of Scandinavia feature
    subarctic and tundra climates. ?
  • Winters are bitterly cold, and summers are short
    and cool. ?
  • Much of the soil is permanently frozen below the
    surface, and only the hardiest vegetation can
    survive.

(page 281)
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28
Section 2-15
Eastern and Northern Europe (cont.)
(page 281)
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again.
29
Section 2-22
Analyzing Maps
Location Study this map of Europes climate
regions. Where are highlands climate regions
found? What are their physical features?
The Alps are in a highlands climate region. Their
physical features include high elevations and
mountain ranges.
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display the answer.
30
Chapter Assessment 10
Locating Places
Match the letters on the map with the physical
features of Europe.
__1. British Isles __2. Rhine River __3. Sicily __
4. Apennines __5. Baltic Sea __6. Mediterranean
Sea __7. Scandinavia __8. Crete __9. Iberian
Peninsula __10. Balkan Peninsula
B G I D J F
C H A E
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31
Maps and Charts 1
32
Maps and Charts 2
33
Maps and Charts 3
34
Maps and Charts 4
35
Political Map Transparency
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