ETHICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 43
About This Presentation
Title:

ETHICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

Description:

ETHICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY By: Mrs. Belen Apostol – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:113
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 44
Provided by: Bele84
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: ETHICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY


1
ETHICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
  • By Mrs. Belen Apostol

2
(No Transcript)
3
Ethics
  • Ethics refers to the study of morals and moral
    choices of human being.
  • The behavior of individuals and groups which are
    governed by standards, rules, and codes of
    conduct consist of the subjects covered by
    ethics.

4
What is Business Ethics?
  • The moral principles defining right and wrong
    behavior of businesspersons and their agents
  • It implores them to adhere to certain ethical
    conduct when dealing with anybody especially
    those affected by their business activities.

5
The Need for Ethical Behavior
  • Ethical behavior is needed to make the playing
    field free and orderly. If the business person
    does not adhere to ethical principles, public
    opinion may pressure the government to act. It
    may turn out, later, that the business person
    will be in a worse situation then when no law is
    passed to force him to act ethically.

6
Areas of Concern for Business Ethics
  • Ethics covers all areas encompassed by business
    transactions. The ethical conduct of a business
    person may be measured against how the following
    are adhered to
  • 1.Laws and regulations
  • promulgated by the
  • government and
  • 2. Specific ethical
  • conduct not yet passed into law

7
Laws and regulations requiring ethical behavior
  • Product safety and quality
  • Fair employment practices
  • Fair marketing and selling practices
  • The use of confidential information for personal
    gain
  • Community involvement
  • Bribery and
  • Illegal payments to foreign governments to obtain
    business.

8
Product safety and quality
9
Fair employment practices
10
Fair marketing and selling practices
11
The use of confidential information for personal
gain
12
Community involvement
13
Bribery
Illegal payments to foreign governments to obtain
business.
14
Current Issues in Ethics
  • Owners of food stalls serving spoiled food to
    customers
  • Business owners making fictitious insurance
    claims
  • School awarding diplomas to undeserving persons
  • A contractor bribing a government official to
    manipulate the bidding of contracts
  • A drug manufacturer making false claims regarding
    the efficacy of his product and
  • A television station copying the format of a
    rival stations show.

15
Coverage of Company Sponsored Ethics Program
  • A very important listing of problem areas which
    may be used as a basis for formulating company
    policies on ethical conduct is as follows
  • Drug and alcohol abuse
  • Employee theft
  • Conflict of interest
  • Quality control
  • Misuse of proprietary information

16
Coverage of Company Sponsored Ethics Program
  • Abuse of expense accounts
  • Plant closings and layoffs
  • Misuse of company assets
  • Environmental pollution
  • Methods of gathering competitors information
  • Inaccuracy of books and records
  • Receiving excessive gifts and entertainment
  • False or misleading advertising

17
The Improvement of Ethical Performance
  • Improvement in the ethical conduct of business
    and those involved in it may be made through any
    of the following ways
  • Ethics training
  • Ethical advocates
  • Ethical codes and
  • Whistle blowing.

18
Ethics Training
  • Learning takes two forms
  • Through formal classroom instruction, and
  • Through actual hands-on experience and
    observation

19
Ethical Advocates
  • An ethical advocate is a person who is
    knowledgeable about business ethics, employed by
    the company, and acts as the companys
    conscience. He sits at the board of directors and
    sees to it that every policy adapted conforms to
    ethical standards.

20
Ethical Codes
  • A code of ethics is a formal document that
    provides clear direction to management and
    employees in the performance of their duties.

21
Whistle-Blowing
  • There are instances when employees
  • are helpless that they cannot implement the
    right ethical conduct required in specific
    situations. When almost everybody from top to
    lower management acts outside of ethical norms,
    the employee who feels he must do something that
    resorts to reporting the perceived unethical
    practice to outsiders such as the press,
    government agencies like the ombudsman and the
    Presidential Anti-Graft commission, or public
  • interest groups.

22
What is Social Responsibility
  • Social responsibility refers to the concern of
    business for the welfare of the society.
  • that the firm must perform its function without
    harming the community
  • improve the quality of life
  • produce goods or services that will not adversely
    affect any component of the society
  • make profits but not to the public detriment of
    society.

23
Interested Groups
  • There are various groups with interests that are
    different from one another. These interests must
    be properly considered by the business firm it
    will have to be successful.

24
Owners
  • The interest of the owners (the sole
    proprietor, the partners, or stockholders) is
    expected to be of highest priority.

25
Consumers
  • Consumers, like any other group, have rights.
    The basic rights of consumers include those
    concerning representation, information, a healthy
    environment, safety, basic goods and services,
    choice, consumer education and redress.

26
Employees
  • Among the specific points of interest in caring
    about employees are
  • Health and safety
  • Appropriate salaries and employee benefits
  • Right to speak out
  • Right to privacy and
  • Right to job security except when discipline is
    concerned. (security of tenure)

27
Minority Groups
  • Management must avoid treating them outright as
    inferior so as not to affect their employment and
    promotion chances.

28
Women
  • The view that management must have is to regard
    women as a force with potentials to lead as
    much as to follow

29
Older People
  • Older people have distinct needs that must be the
    concern of business. Many of them are highly
    qualified and able to perform special tasks which
    younger persons cannot do.

30
The Handicapped
  • The firms management must be responsible for
    removing hazards and obstacles which prevent them
    from doing their jobs effectively.

31
The Community at large
  • There are business activities that may affect any
    of the widely diverse interest of people. The
    modern manager must have multiple abilities and
    an open mind if he wants to succeed in his
    endeavor.

32
Benefits and costs of Social Actions
  • Benefits
  • Improved employee satisfaction and motivation
  • Company becomes more aware of changing consumer
    tastes and preferences
  • Greater demand for the companys products or
    services

33
Benefits and costs of Social Actions
  • Preference by investors to buy the firms stocks
    and
  • Elimination of possible legislative controls on
    business activities.

34
Benefits and costs of Social Actions
  • Costs
  • The money spent in direct support of social
    projects
  • Reduction of competitive power and
  • The private provision of social services and
    programs may later on, be also regulated by the
    government.

35
Social Responsibility Strategies
  • The approaches are expressed in four basic
    social responsibility strategies as follows
  • Reaction strategy
  • Defense strategy
  • Accommodation strategy, and
  • Proactive strategy

36
Reaction Strategy
  • The company allows a condition or potential
    problems to go unresolved until the public finds
    out about it. When a problem is brought before
    the company, the firms reacts by denying
    responsibility, then attempts to resolve the
    problem, deal with its consequences, then
    continue doing business to minimize the negative
    impact.

37
Defense Strategy
  • The company tries to minimize or avoid additional
    obligations. Among the tactics used are legal
    maneuvering and seeking the support of groups
    that prefer the companys way of doing business.

38
Accommodation Strategy
  • This is done when special interest groups are
    taking the side of the opposition, or when the
    business perceives that if it does not react, a
    law will be passed by Congress to ensure
    compliance. This means that the company is forced
    to accept its economic, legal, and ethical
    responsibilities.

39
Proactive Strategy
  • the firm goes beyond what is legally and
    ethically required. There are a number of
    companies using the proactive strategy. This is
    undertaken through sponsorship of cultural shows
    offered free to the public, scholarship to
    financially-handicapped but deserving students,
    providing financial support to the upkeep of
    endangered animal species, and many other similar
    concerns.

40
Social Audits
  • A social audit refers to the systematic
    examination of all the activities achieving
    social goals such as employment of the
    handicapped and those belonging to the cultural
    minorities, adaption of anti-pollution campaign,
    improvement of working conditions, community
    development, donations to worthy causes, and
    various consumer issues.

41
Social Audits
  • A social audit may be done through the
    preparation of the following
  • A summary of program areas, such as consumer
    affairs, as well as the reasons for undertaking
    certain social activities and not others.
  • A report of specific programs and the priorities
    for each set of activities.

42
Social Audits
  • 3. A listing of objectives for each priority
    activity and a description of how the
    organization is striving to reach the objective.
  • 4. A summary report of the costs of each program
    area and activity to the company
  • 5. A summary using quantitative measures,
    whenever possible, of the extent of achievement
    of each social objective.

43
  • Thank you for listening!
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com