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Eastern Europe

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Title: Eastern Europe


1
Eastern Europe
2
Eastern Europe Physical Map
  • OBJECTIVES
  • I know when I am successful when
  • I can list and find the Eastern European
    Countries.
  • I understand the history behind the Eastern
    European Countries
  • I list and find the different physical map
    attributes for the Eastern European Countries
  • I can list and describe the governments of the
    different Eastern European Countries

3
Eastern Europe Physical Map
  • LANDFORMS
  • Carpathian Mountains are a low mountain range
    just south of the Northern European Plain. They
    stretch from the Alps to the Black Sea.
  • The Great Hungarian Plain lies to the south and
    west of the Carpathians. They are fertile and are
    located mostly in Hungary.
  • Balkan Peninsula is one of the largest peninsulas
    in Europe and extends into the Mediterranean Sea.
  • WATER FEATURES
  • The Adriatic Sea lies south of Bulgaria and is
    important for trade routes.
  • The Black Sea borders the south eastern countries
    in this region.
  • The Baltic Sea lies on the northern border just
    north of the Northern European Plain.

4
Eastern Europe - Physical Map
  • The Danube River is also vital to trade and
    transportation. It starts in Germany and winds
    through NINE countries before emptying into the
    Black Sea. Thousands of ships travel up and down
    this river each year.

5
Eastern Europe- Climate
  • The climate around the Baltic Sea is the
    harshest. The winters are long, hard and cold.
    Sometimes there are as few as 30 sunny days a
    year. There are huge forests growing in this
    area.
  • The internal plains of Eastern Europe vary in
    vegetation. There are huge forests, grassy plains

Przewalki wild horses
6
Eastern Europe Chernobyl
  • CHERNOBYL DISASTER
  • In 1986 a flawed nuclear reactor that was also
    operated without properly trained personnel
    exploded throwing radioactive steam and fire into
    the atmosphere.
  • 30 employees of Chernobyl died from the explosion
    from either radiation poisoning or the accident.
  • Over 200 nearby residents died from Acute
    Radiation Syndrome.
  • Many believe that this accident was a direct
    result from the Cold War isolationism that
    created a lack of safety culture in the USSR.
  • Thousands of people were quickly moved from the
    fall out areas

7
Eastern Europe Chernobyl
  • CHERNOBYL DISASTER
  • Chernobyl released radioactive materials for 10
    days.

8
Eastern Europe Chernobyl
  • CHERNOBYL DISASTER
  • The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone was a way to keep
    the most severely affected areas vacant.
  • There are documented mutations of animals from
    the disaster.
  • The wildlife expanded abundantly during the
    absence of mankind. There is some debate as to
    how much the radiation actually affected the
    wildlife since the deformed would have been eaten
    or died rather quickly leaving the normal to
    survive.

9
Eastern Europe Chernobyl
  • CHERNOBYL DISASTER
  • Because of the radiation seeping into the soils,
    there has been strict monitoring on crops and
    animals harvested in and around certain areas.
    The restricted area originally covered 9000 farms
    and over 4 million sheep.
  • There has been a 95 reduction in land and farms
    monitored due to the areas being cleared of
    radiation.
  • Constant monitoring of the site has given
    scientists decades of information on the reaction
    of the environment to radioactivity levels.
  • There are several towns that have become ghost
    towns because they were deserted after the
    incident. One town had an amusement park that
    never opened because of the explosion.
  • The Red Forest is one of the most contaminated
    places in the world.

10
Eastern Europe Chernobyl
Deserted apartments in Pripyat
The abandoned city of Pripyat
Ferris Wheel to never enjoy the sounds of music
and children
11
Eastern Europe Poland
  • POLAND and the BALTIC REPUBLICS
  • Lithuania and Poland were strong countries during
    the Middle Ages.
  • WWI and WWII had devastating effects on this
    area.
  • In WWI much of the fighting took place in Poland,
    so millions of Poles died.
  • WWII began when Germany invaded Poland because
    Hitler wanted more land for the Germans to live
    in and he believed that the Slavs were inferior.
  • After the Germans left, Russia moved in and
    invaded also murdering thousands of Poles.
  • After WWII, Russia turned Baltic Republics into
    the buffer zone between Western Europe and
    Russia. These new Soviet territories were turned
    into communist countries.
  • Poland remained free but was still forced to take
    a communist government.

12
Eastern Europe Poland
  • POLAND and the BALTIC REPUBLICS
  • There are many different languages and religions
    observed in these territories but the cultures
    remain basically the same.
  • Cultural differences are
  • Poland and Lithuanian traded mostly with Roman
    Catholic countries so the people are mostly
    Catholic.
  • Latvia and Estonia were ruled by Sweden for a
    line time so their religion is Lutheran.
  • Estonia language is similar to Finnish
  • Latvian and Lithuanian languages are similar
  • Polish language is related more to the southern
    countries.

13
Eastern Europe Poland
  • POLAND and the BALTIC REPUBLICS
  • Cultural Similarities
  • many of the same types of foods are eaten
    potatoes, sausage are very important as is
    seafood.
  • Many of the same crafts are practiced
  • The Baltic Republics love dancing and music
  • The traditional attire is colorful with
    decorations
  • The Baltic States today
  • Because Russia did not invest much money and time
    into the infrastructure of the Baltic Republics,
    industry could not produce what the area needed.
    Today they are still working on improving the
    infrastructure.
  • By working hard to rebuild industry, cities like
    Warsaw, the capital of Poland , are now major
    industrial centers.
  • Tourism is one of the biggest contributors to
    greater economic growth.
  • The republics are now constitutional democracies
    and practice a market economy.

Latvian Flag
14
Eastern Europe Inland
  • Inland Eastern Europe consists of Czech Republic,
    Slovakia, Hungary, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova.
  • These areas have a mixture of western influence
    as well as Russian influence.
  • Most people are Orthodox Christians and some of
    the languages are based on the Cyrillic or
    Russian alphabet.
  • During the Soviet era these countries were
    controlled by communist governments, however,
    today all of the countries, but Belarus, are
    republics. Belarus is actually a dictatorship.
  • The inland countries have struggled with their
    economies since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
    Four of the six countries now have thriving
    industrial centers.
  • Prague, Kiev and Budapest are three of the most
    important cities in this region because of their
    prosperity.

Czech Flag
15
Eastern Europe Balkans
  • POLAND and the BALTIC REPUBLICS
  • Conflict has ruled this region for generations.
    It was a dispute over territory that led to the
    assassination of a leader that led to WWI.
  • After WWI, European leaders changed property
    lines for the Baltic as they combined some areas
    and divided others.
  • The Balkan states are the most culturally diverse
    area of Europe.
  • Mostly, Balkan countries are mostly Christian and
    belong to the Orthodox Church. There are also
    Roman Catholic, Islamic and Muslim religions
    practiced widely
  • Most of the languages derive from the Slavic
    group and but there is also Germanic and a Latin
    based language. Albanian language is unlike any
    other language in the world. The Roma also have
    its own unique language.

Romanian Flag
16
Eastern Europe Balkans
  • The Balkans Today
  • Like the rest of Eastern Europe, the Balkan
    countries were once ruled by the USSR and had
    communist governments. When the Soviet Union
    fell, the countries were left poor and with
    little infrastructure to work with.
  • Ethnic cleansing has been strongest in this area.
  • The violence that raged in this region brought
    the world to its aid and when the conflicts
    finally ended the Balkan area was shared with
    nine newly divided countries Albania,
    Macedonia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia,
    Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Romania and
    Bulgaria.
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