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Mechanical Engineering as a Career


Mechanical Engineering as a Career Mr TRC Raja, FSIET MSc(Engineering)(NUS),PGDSA(NUS), BE(First Class),MSc(prod-First Class) PGDM(UK),GDPM(SIM),Dip.T&D(UK), ChFC, – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mechanical Engineering as a Career

Mechanical Engineering as a Career
  • Mr TRC Raja, FSIET
  • MSc(Engineering)(NUS),PGDSA(NUS),
  • BE(First Class),MSc(prod-First Class)
  • Senior Financial Consultant (NTUC Income)
  • President, SIET (2012/2013)
  • H/P 98172337 

Supertanker AbQaiq
Mechanical engineers design and
build engines,power plants... Volkswagen W16
  • About the Speaker Mr TRC Raja
  • What is Mechanical Engineering?
  • Fundamental Subjects of Mechanical Engineering.
  • Sub-disciplines of Mechanical Engineering.
  • Frontiers of Research in ME.
  • The Work that Mechanical Engineers Do.

  • Where Mechanical Engineers Work.
  • Education and Other Qualifications.
  • Professional Bodies in Mechanical Engineering.
  • Professional Registration
  • Outlook for the Future.
  • Additional Sources of Information.
  • Q A

About the Speaker Mr TRC Raja
  • MSc(Engineering)(NUS),PGDSA(NUS),BE(First
  • ChFC, D Wealth Mgt,Spe D in Risk Mgt(RMI/NUS)
  • Adv Cert WHS, WSQ ACTA
  • SeniorFinancial Consultant (NTUC Income)

What is Mechanical Engineering?
  • Mechanical engineering is a discipline
    of engineering that applies the principles
    of physics and materials science for analysis,
    design, manufacturing, and maintenance
    of mechanical systems.
  • It is the branch of engineering that involves the
    production and usage of heat and mechanical power
    for the design, production, and operation
    of machines and tools. 
  • It is one of the oldest and broadest engineering

What is Mechanical Engineering?
  • The engineering field requires an understanding
    of core concepts including mechanics, kinematics,t
    hermodynamics, materials science, structural
    analysis, and electricity.
  • Mechanical engineers use these core principles
    along with tools like computer-aided
    engineering and product lifecycle management to
    design and analyze manufacturing plants,
    industrial equipment and machinery, heating and
    cooling systems, transport systems, aircraft, wate
    rcraft, robotics, medical devices, and others.

What is Mechanical Engineering?
  • Mechanical engineering emerged as a field during
    the industrial revolution in Europe in the 18th
    century however, its development can be traced
    back several thousand years around the world.
    Mechanical engineering science emerged in the
    19th century as a result of developments in the
    field of physics.

What is Mechanical Engineering?
  • The field has continually evolved to incorporate
    advancements in technology, and mechanical
    engineers today are pursuing developments in such
    fields as composites, mechatronics,
    andnanotechnology. Mechanical engineering
    overlaps with aerospace engineering, building
    services engineering, metallurgical
    engineering, marine engineering, civil
    engineering, electrical engineering, petroleum
    engineering, manufacturing engineering,
    and chemical engineering to varying amounts.

Fundamental Subjects of Mechanical Engineering
  • Statics and dynamics
  • Strength of materials and solid mechanics
  • Instrumentation and measurement
  • Electrotechnology
  • Electronics
  • Thermodynamics, heat transfer, energy conversion,
    and HVAC
  • Combustion, automotive engines, fuels
  • Fluid mechanics and fluid dynamics
  • Mechanism design (including kinematics and dynamic
  • Manufacturing engineering, technology, or
  • Hydraulics and pneumatics
  • Mathematics - in particular, calculus, differentia
    l equations, and linear algebra.
  • Engineering design
  • Product design
  • Mechatronics and control theory
  • Material Engineering and Control engineering
  • Design engineering, Drafting, computer-aided
    design (CAD) (including solid modeling),
    and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)

Sub-disciplines of Mechanical Engineering
  • 1 Mechanics
  • 2 Mechatronics and robotics
  • 3 Structural analysis
  • 4 Thermodynamics and thermo-science
  • 5 Design and drafting

Training FMS with learning robotSCORBOT-ER 4u,
workbench CNC Mill and CNC Lathe
A CAD model of a mechanical double seal
Frontiers of Research in ME.
  • 1 Micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS)
  • 2 Friction stir welding (FSW)
  • 3 Composites
  • 4 Mechatronics
  • 5 Nanotechnology
  • 6 Finite element analysis
  • 7 Biomechanics
  • 8 Computational fluid dynamics

Composite cloth consisting of woven carbon fiber
The Work that Mechanical Engineers Do.
  • Mechanical engineering is organized into three
    general areas
  • energy,
  • manufacturing, and
  • engineering design mechanics.
  • ASME has forty-one technical divisions,
    reflecting the seven diverse disciplines,
    technologies, and industries.

The Spectrum of Mechanical Engineering Functions
  • 1. Research
  • 2. Development
  • 3. Design
  • 4. Testing
  • 5. Manufacturing
  • 6. Operation and Maintenance
  • 7. Marketing and Sales
  • 8. Administration and Management

Where Mechanical Engineers Work
  • Traditional industries for mechanical engineers
    are the
  • automobile,
  • industrial machinery,
  • utilities,
  • chemical,
  • computer,
  • manufacturing,
  • mining, and
  • petroleum industries.

Where Mechanical Engineers Work
  • Other industries publishing and printing,
    textiles, pharmaceuticals, paper and wood
    products, rubber and glass aerospace.
  • They also work at government/statutory boards and
    for consulting engineering firms.
  • In addition, mechanical engineers do research and
    teach at colleges and universities.

Source ST 6 Feb 2013
Source ST 9 Feb 2013
Source ST- 9 Feb 2013
Education and Other Qualifications
  • Degrees in mechanical engineering are offered at
    universities worldwide.
  • Mechanical engineering programs typically take
    four to five years of study and result in
    a Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng), Bachelor of
    Science (B.Sc), Bachelor of Science Engineering
    (B.ScEng), Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech),
    or Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc) degree,
    in or with emphasis in mechanical engineering.

Education and Other Qualifications - Australia
  • In Australia, mechanical engineering degrees are
    awarded as Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical)
    or similar nomenclature although there are an
    increasing number of specialisations. The degree
    takes four years of full-time study to achieve.
    To ensure quality in engineering
    degrees, Engineers Australia accredits
    engineering degrees awarded by Australian
    universities in accordance with the
    global Washington Accord.

Education and Other Qualifications - USA
  • In the United States, most undergraduate
    mechanical engineering programs are accredited by
    the Accreditation Board for Engineering and
    Technology (ABET) to ensure similar course
    requirements and standards among universities.
    The ABET web site lists 276 accredited mechanical
    engineering programs as of June 19, 2006.

Education and Other Qualifications - Singapore
  • Universities (NUS/NTU)
  • BEng in Mechanical Engineering 4 years Full-Time
    ? Professional Engineer (PE).
  • Polytechnics
  • SP/NP Diploma in Mechanical Engineering 3
    years Full-Time ? Engineering Technologist.
  • SP Advanced Diploma in Building Automation
    Services 2 years Part-Time.

Education and Other Qualifications - Singapore
  • ITEs
  • ITE Higher Nitec in Mechanical Engineering 2
    years Full-time ? Engineering Technician
  • Technical Engineer Diploma (Automotive
    Engineering Machine Technology) 2 years of
    full-time institutional training and 1.5 years of
    work experience ? Technical Engineer.

Education and Other Qualifications
  • Some mechanical engineers go on to pursue a
    postgraduate degree such as a Master of
    Engineering, Master of Technology, Master of
    Science, Master of Engineering Management (MEng.Mg
    t or MEM), a Doctor of Philosophy in engineering
    (EngD, PhD) or an engineer's degree.

Professional Bodies in Mechanical Engineering
  • The first British professional society of
    mechanical engineers was formed in 1847
     Institution of Mechanical Engineers, thirty
    years after the civil engineers formed the first
    such professional society Institution of Civil
  • In the United States, the American Society of
    Mechanical Engineers (ASME) was formed in 1880,
    becoming the third such professional engineering
    society, after the American Society of Civil
    Engineers (1852) and the American Institute of
    Mining Engineers (1871).

George Stephenson First IMechEs President
The Institution of Mechanical Engineers - London 
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
  • ASME is one of the oldest standards-developing
    organizations in the world.
  • It produces approximately 600 codes and
    standards, covering many technical areas, such as
    boiler components, elevators, measurement of
    fluid flow in closed conduits, cranes, hand
    tools, fasteners, and machine tools.
  • Some ASME standards have been translated into
    other languages other than English, such Chinese,
    French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese,
    Spanish and Swedish.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Core Values
  • Embrace integrity and ethical conduct
  • Embrace diversity and respect the dignity and
    culture of all people
  • Nurture and treasure the environment and our
    natural and man-made resources
  • Facilitate the development, dissemination and
    application of engineering knowledge
  • Promote the benefits of continuing education and
    of engineering education
  • Respect and document engineering history while
    continually embracing change
  • Promote the technical and societal contribution
    of engineers

The Eiffel Tower (completed 1889) is
an iron lattice tower located on the Champ de
Mars in Paris, named after the engineer Gustave
Eiffel, whose company designed and built the
tower. The tower stands 320 metres (1,050 ft)
tall, about the same height as an 81-storey
Professional Registration - USA
  • In the U.S., to become a licensed Professional
    Engineer, an engineer must pass the comprehensive
    FE (Fundamentals of Engineering) exam, work a
    given number of years as an Engineering Intern
    (EI) or Engineer-in-Training (EIT), and finally
    pass the "Principles and Practice" or PE
    (Practicing Engineer or Professional Engineer)
  • In the United States, the requirements and steps
    of this process are set forth by the National
    Council of Examiners for Engineering and
    Surveying (NCEES), a composed of engineering and
    land surveying licensing boards representing all
    U.S. states and territories.

Professional Registration - UK
  • In the UK, current graduates require a BEng plus
    an appropriate masters degree or an
    integrated MEng degree, a minimum of 4 years post
    graduate on the job competency development, and a
    peer reviewed project report in the candidates
    specialty area in order to become chartered
    through the Institution of Mechanical Engineers.

Professional Registration - Singapore
  • Under the Professional Engineers Act, an
    applicant applying for registration with the
    Board must satisfy several requirements to be
    entitled to registration. The requirements are-
  • a) Appropriate qualifications Section 15(1)
  • b) Appropriate experience Section 15(2)(a)
  • c) Sat and passed prescribed examinations
    Section 15(2)(b)
  • d) Good character and reputation Section
    15(4)(a) and
  • e) Able to carry out the duties of a
    professional engineer effectively Section
  • Website http//
  • .

Outlook for the Future
  • The demand for improved machinery, machine tools,
    and complex manufacturing processes is creating a
    growing demand for mechanical engineers.
  • In addition, new areas such as nanotechnology,
    microelectromechanical systems, and
    bioengineering are creating opportunities for
    mechanical engineers.

Outlook for the Future
  • Other opportunities are expected to be in the
    engineering services area (engineering consulting
    firms) as manufacturing companies contract out
    design, development, and testing work to solve
    engineering problems.

Source ST 18 Jan 2013
Additional Sources of Information
  • UK Institution of Mechanical Engineers.
  • USA American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
  • Singapore
  • 1. Institution of Engineers, Singapore (IES).
  • 2. Singapore Institute of Engineering
    Technologists (SIET). Website

Thank You
Questions Answers
First drafted on 15 February 2013/Sam MK
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