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Juvenile Justice

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Juvenile Justice Warm Up: Juvenile Justice: What is a Juvenile? What does the word Justice mean? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Juvenile Justice


1
Juvenile Justice
  • Warm Up Juvenile Justice
  • What is a Juvenile?
  • What does the word Justice mean?

2
Juvenile Justice
  • In each scenario, decide whether the person
    should be tried as a juvenile or transferred to
    criminal court and tried as an adult. Explain the
    reasons for your decisions.

3
Scenarios
  • Eric, age 15, is accused of robbing an
    86-year-old woman at gunpoint. Eric, who has a
    long juvenile record including acts of burglary,
    brags about the robbery.
  • Marcia, age 17, is accused of killing a
    pedestrian while driving a stolen car. She has
    never been in trouble before, is remorseful about
    the killing, and claims that she planned to
    return the car after the short joyride.

4
JUVENILE JUSTICE VS. ADULT JUSTICE
  • There are differences between the juvenile
    justice system and the adult justice system. One
    important difference is the basic purpose of the
    courts. In juvenile court, the emphasis is on
    rehabilitating youngsters. In adult court, the
    emphasis is on punishment.
  • Juvenile courts have jurisdiction over cases
    involving children under age 17, or children
    under 18 who dont have a parent or guardian.
    Each of Georgias 159 counties has a juvenile
    court. All Georgia courts except juvenile court
    have jurisdiction in adult cases.
  • Different terminology is used in each system.
    For example, juveniles are taken into custody,
    while adults are arrested. If found guilty of
    a crime, juveniles are called delinquent, while
    adults are guilty.

WRITE ABOUT IT WHY DO YOU THINK JUVENILES
SHOULD BE TREATED DIFFERENTLY THAN ADULTS BY THE
COURT SYSTEM?
5
Juvenile Justice Notes
  • Georgias juvenile justice system has
    jurisdiction over children
  • In Georgia, a person is considered to be a child
    if they are 17 years old or less
  • In addition, someone who is 18 and deprived
    (child without supervision of parents or other
    caregiver) is also considered a child
  • In 1966, the Supreme Court ruled that juvenile
    have the same rights in the court system as
    adults
  • The one exception is that juveniles (being tried
    as such) do not have the right to a jury trial
    to protect privacy

6
Juvenile Justice
  • Unruly behavior is also considered a status
    offense. This means this behavior would not be
    criminal if committed by an adult.
  • Sometimes status offenses are handled by offering
    appropriate adult supervision, or with drug or
    alcohol treatment (if necessary)
  • If the court decides unruly behavior is serious,
    the child may be committed to a juvenile justice
    detention center
  • Children may be sentenced to up to two years time

7
Juvenile Justice Unruly Behavior
  • Juvenile courts in GA consider the following to
    constitute unruly behavior
  • The child frequently refuses to go to school
  • The child frequently disobeys parents/caregivers
  • The child runs away from home
  • The child roams about on the streets between
    midnight and 5 a.m.
  • The child goes to a bar without his or her
    parents/caregivers, and/or is caught with
    alcoholic drinks in hand

8
Juvenile Justice-Delinquent Behavior
  • Juvenile Courts may also decide a child shows
    delinquent behavior (committing a crime)
  • A child who is under 13 cannot be tried for a
    crime in Georgia
  • Children 13 to 17 will be punished according to
    the law
  • This can include up to 5 years in a detention
    facility

9
Juvenile Rights while in Custody
  1. Right to have a lawyer
  2. Right to cross-examine witnesses
  3. Right to provide evidence to support own case
  4. Right to provide witnesses to support own case
  5. Right to remain silent
  6. Right to appeal
  7. Right to a transcript of the trial

10
The Seven Deadly Sins
  • These behaviors lead juveniles directly to adult
    court (Superior Court will handle)
  • Aggravated child molestation
  • Aggravated sexual battery
  • Aggravated sodomy
  • Murder
  • Rape
  • Voluntary manslaughter
  • Armed robbery with a firearm
  • These crimes are punishable with harsh
    punishments, i.e., prison

11
Juvenile Justice Process
12
Juvenile Justice Process
Takes place in two days or less
13
Juvenile Justice Process
14
Juvenile Justice ProcessNext step
15
Juvenile Justice Next Step
16
  • Video
  • The Sentencing of Bill Thomas
  • Take notes on your question sheet for discussion
    later
  • You decide
  • Other scenarios if time
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