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Muhammad (peace be upon him)

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In the name of Allah, Most Beneficent, Most Merciful Muhammad (peace be upon him) & His Message-Mercy to Mankind Dr. Abdulazeez Abdulraheem www.understandQuran.com – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Muhammad (peace be upon him)


1
Muhammad (peace be upon him) His
Message-Mercy to Mankind
In the name of Allah, Most Beneficent, Most
Merciful
Dr. Abdulazeez Abdulraheem www.understandQuran.co
m
2
Outline
  • Introduction
  • Messenger of Mercy
  • Equality
  • Kindness
  • For animals
  • For environment
  • His Message

3
Introduction
4
Who is he ?
  • Almost 1.2 Billion bear witness he is the
    Messenger of God

5
ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA
MUHAMMAD is the most successful of all Prophets
and religious personalities. (11th Edition
under Koran)
6
ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA
  • .... A mass of detail in the early sources show
    that he was an honest and upright man who had
    gained the respect and loyalty of others who were
    like-wise honest and upright men." (Vol. 12)

7
MICHAEL H. HART, ranked him 1st in the list of
the Most Influential Persons in History
"My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the
world's most influential persons may surprise
some readers and may be questioned by others, but
he was the only man in history who was supremely
successful on both the religious and secular
levels. THE 100 A RANKING OF THE MOST
INFLUENTIAL PERSONS IN HISTORY, New York, 1978,
p. 33)
8
LAMAR TINE, The renowned historian, speaking on
the essentials of human greatness wonders
  • If
  • greatness of purpose,
  • smallness of means and
  • astounding results
  • are the three criteria of human genius, who could
    dare to compare any great man in modern history
    than MUHAMMAD?

9
He did it
  • He was by far the most remarkable man that ever
    set foot on this earth
  • He preached a religion, founded a state, built a
    nation, laid down a moral code, initiated
    numerous social and political reforms
  • He established a powerful and dynamic society to
    practice and represent his teachings
    andcompletely revolutionized the worlds of human
    thought and behavior for all times to come

10
His Mission Impossible
  • He was born in Arabia in the year 570, started
    his mission of preaching the religion of Truth,
    Islam (submission to One God) at the age of forty
    and departed from this world at the age of
    sixty-three.
  • During this short period of 23 years as a
    Prophet, he changed the complete Arabian peninsula

11
His Mission Impossible
  • From paganism and idolatry to SUBMISSION to the
    One True God,
  • From tribal quarrels and wars to national
    solidarity and cohesion,
  • From drunkenness and debauchery to sobriety and
    piety,
  • From lawlessness and anarchy to disciplined
    living,
  • From utter bankruptcy to the highest standards of
    moral excellence.

12
His Mission Impossible
  • Human history has never known such a complete
    transformation of a society or a place before or
    since
  • IMAGINE all these unbelievable wonders in JUST
    OVER TWO DECADES.

Yes, this was done by Prophet MUHAMMAD (pbuh)
13
WHY PROPHETS ??
  • Sources of human knowledge - limited
  • Normal realities can be understood by observation
  • Higher level realities - deductive reasoning
    scientific investigation.
  • Ultimate realities (esp. why?)
  • Science Philosophy can only speculate

14
WHY PROPHETS ??
  • No other source except divine guidance conveyed
    thru prophets.
  • God did not leave us without guidance. From
    first man till the last.

15
Mission of a Prophet
  • To lay down
  • Framework of belief
  • Mode of worship
  • Moral code
  • Rules of culture and civilization
  • In fact to prescribe whole system of thought and
    action (Al-Deen), which includes all aspects of
    life.

16
Mission of a Prophet
  • Read the book to people
  • Purify them (belief and actions)
  • Teach the book and Wisdom
  • Be a practical model
  • Train the individuals and society to establish
    Islamic system of life (Kingdom of God on earth)

17
Mission of a Prophet
  • Not all the prophets succeeded because of the
    prejudice and intolerance of people. Muhammad
    (pbuh) did succeed in establishing the kingdom of
    God.

18
Prophethood
  • God conveyed his message to man thru Muhammad
    (pbuh) in two forms
  • Quran - The Book
  • Sunnah - Sayings, practices, and approvals of the
    prophet. (PRACTICAL DEMO)
  • Belief in Prophethood brings the life into real
    worship and obedience, otherwise, the belief
    remains just the theory.

19
Requirements (of Belief in Prophethood)
  • Believe in him (as required)
  • Obey him in all spheres of life
  • His Sunnah is the explanation of Quran, nobody
    can contradict his explanation.
  • No independent decision in a matter prescribed by
    the prophet

20
Position of a Prophet
  • Servant of God
  • Makes people to obey God and worship Him and not
    himself, by conveying, No Force !!
  • Just a human being. No share in divinity (4 areas
    mentioned above, entity, attributes, rights, and
    powers)
  • Not a superhuman. So, Islam has saved its
    followers from any exaggeration in this belief.

21
What Distinguishes Muhammad (pbuh) from Others ??
  • Last Prophet
  • Revived the faith conveyed by all prophets
  • Pure message retransmitted thru him
  • No messenger after him
  • Book is preserved
  • Sunnah (practice, sayings, approvals) is recorded
    in details (No better compilation of any person
    in history is present)

22
Why follow Muhammad (pbuh)
  • For instruction, we turn to Muhammad (pbuh), not
    because of prejudice, but because
  • Last Prophet ? latest guidance
  • Word of God ? in pure divine, living language
  • Historical record of his Sunnah is preserved

23
Muhammad's (pbuh) Mission - Universal
  • Quran confirms it
  • Logical consequence of finality
  • Complete code ? supports finality
  • No man in the last 1400 yrs like him

24
ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA
MUHAMMAD is the most successful of all Prophets
and religious personalities. (11th Edition
under Koran)
25
MICHAEL H. HART, ranked him 1st in the list of
the Most Influential Persons in History
"My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the
world's most influential persons may surprise
some readers and may be questioned by others, but
he was the only man in history who was supremely
successful on both the religious and secular
levels. THE 100 A RANKING OF THE MOST
INFLUENTIAL PERSONS IN HISTORY, New York, 1978,
p. 33)
26
Appearance
  • Muhammad (pbuh) was of a height a little above
    the average.
  • He was fair of complexion and altogether very
    handsome.

27
Appearance
  • He did not speak unnecessarily and what he said
    was always to the point and without any padding.
  • At times he would make his meaning clear by
    slowly repeating what he had said.
  • His laugh was mostly a smile.
  • He kept his feelings under firm control.

28
Dress
  • His dress generally consisted of a shirt, tamad
    (trousers), a sheet thrown round the shoulders
    and a turban.
  • His blanket had several patches (Tirmidhi).
  • He had very few spare clothes, but he kept them
    spotlessly clean (Bukhari).

29
Dress
  • Once he enquired of a person in dirty clothes
    whether he had any income. Upon getting a reply
    in the affirmative, he observed, "When Allah has
    blessed you with His bounty, your appearance
    should reflect it." Abu Dawood

30
House Belongings!!!
  • His house was but a hut with walls of unbaked
    clay and a thatched roof of palm leaves covered
    by camel skin. It contained
  • a rope cot,
  • a pillow stuffed with palm leaves ,
  • the skin of some animal spread on the floor and a
    water
  • bag of leather
  • and some weapons.

31
House Belongings!!!
  • These were all his earthly belongings, besides
  • a camel,
  • a horse, and
  • an ass and
  • some land which he had acquired in the later part
    of his life (Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood).

32
MAHATMA GANDHI, says in Young India..
"I wanted to know the best of one who holds
today's undisputed sway over the hearts of
millions of mankind.. I became more than
convinced that it was not the sword that won a
place for Islam in those days in the scheme of
life.
33
MAHATMA GANDHI, says in Young India..
"It was the rigid simplicity, the utter
self-effacement of the Prophet the scrupulous
regard for pledges, his intrepidity, his
fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in
his own mission.
34
House Belongings!!!
  • Sometimes he slept on his cot, sometimes on a
    skin or ordinary mattress, and sometimes on the
    ground.
  • To his disciples (who wanted to offer him a soft
    bed)
  • "What have I to do with worldly things. My
    connection with the world is like that of a
    traveller resting for a while underneath the
    shade of a tree and then moving on."

35
House Belongings!!!
  • His wife A'isha (ra) says that there was hardly a
    day in his life when he had two square meals.
    Sahih Muslim
  • This was so inspite of him being the most beloved
    ruler of the Islamic State of all times.

36
For his family!
  • He had declared unlawful for himself and his
    family anything given by the people by way of
    Zakat (obligatory donation of 2.5 of savings) or
    sadaqa (charity).

37
REV. REGINALD BOSWORTH SMITH,
  • "He was Caesar and Pope in one but he was Pope
    without Pope's pretensions, Caesar without the
    legions of Caesar without a standing army,
    without a bodyguard, without a palace, without a
    fixed revenue

38
REV. REGINALD BOSWORTH SMITH,
  • If ever any man had the right to say that he
    ruled by the right divine, it was Mohammed, for
    he had all the power without its instruments and
    without its supports."

39
Extremely humble!
  • Though virtual king of Arabia and an apostle of
    Allah, he never assumed an air of superiority.
  • He used to invite people be they slaves, servants
    or the poorest believers, to partake with him of
    his scanty meals. Tirmidhi
  • He did not like people to get up for him and used
    to say, "Let him who likes people to stand up in
    his honour, he should seek a place in hell." Abu
    Dawud

40
At home!
  • His wife A'isha (ra) said, "He always joined in
    household work and would at times mend his
    clothes, repair his shoes and sweep the floor. He
    would milk, tether, and feed his animals and do
    the household shopping." Qazi Iyaz Shifa Sahih
    Bukhari

41
Spend his time
  • According to the demands on him for
  • offering worship to Allah
  • public affairs, and
  • personal matters.

42
Spend his time
  • All his activities were full of supplications and
    prayers.
  • His Love, Devotion, Dedication is transparent
    through all these supplcns. (not just 5 prayers).
  • A full 300 page-books is there just on the
    prayers he used to recite.

43
Supplications
  • MIRACULOUS ASPECT
  • Establish / Correct the relationship with God
  • Maintain it
  • Millions of Muslims throughout centuries have
    been reciting these everyday.
  • Of course, they want to follow him in all aspects
    (name, dress, beard, living style).

44
Supplications
  • And dont forget that he was not just a spiritual
    guide He was a leader in all aspects of life.

45
LAMARTINE,
Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator,
warrior, conqueror of ideas, restorer of rational
dogmas, of a cult without images, the founder of
twenty terrestrial empires and of one spiritual
empire, that is MUHAMMAD.
46
LAMARTINE,
The most famous men created arms, laws and
empires only. They founded, if anything at all,
no more than material powers which often crumbled
away before their eyes.
47
LAMARTINE,
This man moved not only armies, legislation,
empires, peoples and dynasties, but millions of
men in one-third of the then inhabited world and
more than that, he moved the altars, the gods,
the religions, the ideas, the beliefs and
souls....
48
LAMARTINE,
As regards all the standards by which Human
Greatness may be measured, we may well ask, IS
THERE ANY MAN GREATER THAN HE ?" (ALPHONSE DE
LAMAR TINE, HISTOIRE DE LA TURQUIE, PARIS, 1854,
VOL. II, PP 276-277)
49
His Behavior
  • By nature he was gentle and kind-hearted, always
    inclined to be gracious and to overlook the
    faults of others.
  • Politeness and courtesy,
  • compassion and tenderness,
  • simplicity and humility,
  • sympathy and sincerity
  • were some of the keynotes of his character.

50
His Character
  • About himself the Prophet (pbuh) said Allah has
    sent me as an apostle so that I may demonstrate
    perfection of character, refinement of manners
    and loftiness of deportment." Malik

51
His Behavior
  • He was not annoyed if anyone interrupted him even
    during the SERMONS for anything.
  • Bedouin (desert-man)
  • His grandson

52
His Behavior
  • The Prophet (pbuh) said He is a bad person in
    the sight of Allah who does not behave
    courteously, and people shun his company
    because of his bad manners.
  • Sahih Bukhari

53
Messenger of Mercy
  • We have sent you except as a mercy for the worlds
    (al-Quran)
  • Extremely kind and merciful for believers
  • Even for his enemies - After Makkahs victory

54
Kindness to Animals
  • "Indeed, there is heavenly reward for every act
    of kindness done to a living animal.
  • If he saw any animal over-loaded he would pull
    up the owner and say, "Fear Allah in your
    treatment of animals."

55
Love for the poor
  • He said "He is not a perfect Muslim who eats his
    fill and lets his neighbour go hungry."
  • To his wife he said, "O A'isha, love the poor and
    let them come to you and Allah will draw you near
    to Himself." Sahih Bukhari

56
Messenger of Mercy
  • He achieved a huge revolution without almost any
    bloodshed!
  • Only few hundreds were killed (initiated by wars
    from others).
  • Just compare it with any other revolution of the
    world!!!

57
GEORGE BERNARD SHAW
  • I have studied him - the wonderful man and in my
    opinion far from being an anti-Christ, he must be
    called the Savior of Humanity.

58
His Life in Brief!!!
  • Born in Makkah
  • Married Khadijah (R) a widow of 40 years at the
    age of 25. Stayed with her till her death
  • Made Prophet at 40 years Spread the message
  • Opposition by Makkans (egos positions vested
    interests establishments)
  • Migrated to Madinah at 53 (after 13 years) His
    followers migrated too.

59
His Life in Brief!!!
  • Established Islamic State in Madinah Taught
    Muslims how to live (in all aspects of life
    Spiritual, moral, social, political, all
    aspects of life in all types of situations).
  • Attacked continuously by surrounding enemies
    including those from Makkah
  • Became victorious within 10 years!
  • Whole Arabia became Muslim
  • Died at the age of 63.

60
The Message of Muhammad pbuh
61
Basic Definitions
  • Islam Peaceful, willing submission to God.
  • Islam is not a religion alone. It is a code/way
    of life (Deen). It encompasses all spheres of
    life.
  • Religion guides in the area of 'ibadaat
    (worship) only. Whereas Deen guides all spheres
    of life of a man i.e. in mosque/church and state
    affairs.

62
Basic Definitions
  • A Muslim is the one who submits himself to God
    willfully and peacefully.
  • A Muslim's belief is
  • There is no God except the one true God
  • and Muhammad is the messenger and slave of God.
    (Peace be upon him)

63
Who was the first Muslim on earth?
  • Adam not Muhammad (peace be on them both)
  • Islam is not a new religion. It is the religion
    given by God to the first man and is the same
    for the last one too and for every one in
    between.

64
Misconceptions
  • Muhammad pbuh is not the founder of Islam. He
    came with the last edition of Islam.
  • Muslims are not Muhammadans.
  • Muslims do not worship Muhammad pbuh.

65
The Miracle given to Muhammad pbuh Al-Quran
  • A UNIQUE BOOK
  • Memorized in Full by hundreds of thousands
  • TOP in being read daily by millions all over the
    world (Encyclopedia Britannic, 11th edition)
  • Preserved in its ORIGINAL form for the last 14
    centuries

66
Center, The KAABA in Makkah
  • Built by Prophets ABRAHAM and ISHMAEL 3000 years
    ago
  • Muslims throughout the world face towards it
    while praying
  • 1.5 MILLION Muslims in Hajj 1.5 in Umrah
  • Where everybody (males) dress the same and race,
    wealth, status, etc., all are removed.

67
The FASTEST Growing Religion in the world
  • Not by Sword or Money ! Today it is 'perhaps'
    the fastest growing religion in US (Maston
    Speight, Director of the office of Christian
    Muslim relations of the national council of
    churches of Christ of the USA)
  • 'World's fastest growing religion' (Robert Morey,
    Director of research and education foundation,
    Austin, TX) in spite of the Muslims powerlessness
    and decadence in the past 2 centuries.
  • 'In modern times it has made great gains in
    Africa' (The 1990 Almanac, Houghton Mifflin
    Company, Boston) .

68
The FASTEST Growing Religion in the world
  • Never witnessed large scale desertions As
    against all other religions.
  • Devoid of Major Splits Divisions (Shiites,
    Zaidi, etc.,) are around 10 only.

69
MUSLIMS A GLOBAL COMMUNITY
  • Total Population 1 Billion
  • Indian Subcontinent 30
  • sub-Saharan Africa 20
  • Arab World 18
  • Southeast Asia 17
  • USSR and China 10
  • Non-Arab Middle East 10
  • Countries with more than 50 Muslim population
    57

70
Famous Books of Islam
  • 1. Psalms of David
  • 2. Torah The old testament
  • 3. Bible The new testament
  • 4. Quran The final testament

71
Famous Prophets of Islam
  • ADAM
  • NOAH
  • ABRAHAM
  • MOSES
  • JESUS
  • MOHAMMED
  • (Peace be on them all)

72
Basic Sources of Islam
  • Quran The Book of Allah
  • Sunnah The sayings, practice, and approvals
    of the prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

73
Three Main Elements of Islam
  • Sovereignty of God on all matters of life
    spiritual and material.
  • Prophethood Guidance (spiritual and material) is
    sent thru prophets from Adam thru Mohammed (peace
    be upon them.)
  • The Hereafter (Life after death)
    Obedience.....Paradise for ever
    Disobedience.Hell for ever

74
BASIC PILLARS OF ISLAM
  • Every act done with the consciousness that it
    fulfills the divine will is considered an act of
    worship in Islam.
  • Nevertheless, the specific acts of worship termed
    as the Pillars of Islam are on the higher plane
    of spirituality.

75
BASIC PILLARS OF ISLAM
  • They are
  • The Declaration of Faith (Shahadah) 'I bear
    witness that there is none worthy of worship
    except God and that Muhammad is His servant and
    messenger.
  • The Prayer (Salah) 5 times a day as a duty
    towards God. To strengthen the belief in God. To
    inspires man to higher morality.
  • Fasting (Siyam) Cultivates piety, patience and
    love for the poor.

76
BASIC PILLARS OF ISLAM
  • The poor-Tax (Zakat) To give 2.5 annually of
    one's net savings as alms to the poor. (Life
    insurance in a Muslim community)
  • Pilgrimage (Hajj) To Makkah, provided one has
    the means (financial and physical).

77
Articles of Faith
  • Existence, oneness and Attributes of Allah
  • Belief in Angels
  • Belief in Holy Books
  • Belief in Prophets
  • Belief in the Hereafter
  • Belief in the Destiny (All past, present, and
    future events are from Allah and in His
    Knowledge.)

78
Universality of Message
  • Quran always address "O Mankind", "O Son of
    Adam". And Not to people of any particular race,
    tribe, are, color, language..
  • "The believers are like brothers" (Quran).
  • "All men are equal in Islam. The Arab has no
    superiority over non-Arab, nor does the non-Arab
    have superiority over Arabs except in the fear of
    God." - Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

79
FAITH IN GOD
  • Not just that HE exists but
  • Creator, Master, Ruler, Administrator of the
    universe
  • No one has share in His
  • Entity (Asma)
  • Attributes (Sifaat)
  • Rights (Huqooq)
  • Authority/powers (Ekhtiaraat)

80
Purity of Faith
  • In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
  • Say He is God, The One and Only
  • God, the Eternal, the Absolute
  • He begets not, nor is he begotten
  • And there is none like unto Him. Quran 1311-5

81
Requirements (of Faith in God)
  • Worship Him alone
  • Pray Him alone
  • Have hope and fear from Him alone
  • Take the law from Him alone. Law making should
    be within the limits prescribed by Him and under
    His permission.

82
BELIEF IN THE HEREAFTER
  • This life is a test.
  • At the end Accountability
  • Time for accountability - fixed by God
  • present order of things will be replaced by
    another
  • All human beings will rise once again in the new
    world
  • Everyone will face God individually

83
BELIEF IN THE HEREAFTER
  • Judgment based on not just God's knowledge but
    Proofs from angles, his environment, his book of
    deeds etc.,
  • No undue intercession. No bribery, No advocacy
    without His permission.
  • Criteria Did the man conduct himself a/c to
    Islam?

84
BELIEF IN THE HEREAFTER
  • In one of his sermons calculated to instil the
    fear of Allah and the day of reckoning in the
    hearts of men, Prophet Muhammad pbuh said
  • O people of Quraish be prepared for the
    hereafter, I cannot save you from the punishment
    of Allah
  • O Bani Abd Manaf, . O Abbas O Fatima,
    daughter of Muhammad, even you I cannot save you
    from the punishment of Allah."

85
Three Categories of people
  • Who Reject - Hellfire forever
  • Who Believe, but distorted way - (a/c to
    scholars, such people will be sent to Hell for
    sometime and then sent to Heaven)
  • Who accept and practice - Paradise forever

86
Three Categories of people
  • Every thing in this life is pure blessing of God
    and it is impossible for human to deserve any
    reward. The prophet Muhammad (pbuh) clarified
    that even he also will enter paradise because of
    the mercy of Allah and not based upon his
    actions. The actions we do just enable us to
    receive that mercy which will send us to paradise.

87
SOME ISLAMIC PRINCIPLES
  • Oneness of God
  • Oneness of mankind No one can claim that he is
    better than others. It is only God Who knows who
    is better. It depends on piety and righteousness.

88
SOME ISLAMIC PRINCIPLES
  • Oneness of Messengers and the Message
  • Muslims believe that God sent different
    messengers throughout the history of mankind.
  • All came with the same message and the same
    teachings.
  • Muslims believe in Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Ismail,
    Jacob, Moses, David, Jesus, and Muhammad. They
    are all the Prophets of Islam.

89
Equality in Islam (POLICY)
  • O' Mankind! We created you from a single (pair)
    of a male and a female, and made you into nations
    and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that
    ye may despise each other). Verily the most
    honored of you in the sight of God is (he who is)
    the most righteous of you. Quran 4913
  • God looks not to your FIGURES nor to your WEALTH
    but to your HEARTS and to your DEEDS - Prophet
    Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

90
Equality in Islam (PROGRAM)
  • Group prayers - a part of the program
  • 5 times a day for every locality
  • Once a week for the whole city
  • Once a year for the whole Muslim world i.e.
    pilgrimage to Makkah.
  • Where everybody prays shoulder to shoulder.

91
SAROJINI NAIDU, the famous Indian poetess says
"It was the first religion that preached and
practiced democracy for, in the mosque, when the
call for prayer is sounded and worshippers are
gathered together, the democracy of Islam is
embodied five times a day when the peasant and
king kneel side by side and proclaim 'God Alone
is Great'... (S.NAIDU, IDEALS OF ISLAM, VIDE
SPEECHES WRITINGS, MADRAS, 1918)
92
PROF. JULES MASSERMAN of USA Psychiatric
Association
  • Leaders must fulfill three functions
  • provide for the well being of the led,
  • provide a social organization in which people
    feel relatively secure
  • provide them with one set of beliefs

93
PROF. JULES MASSERMAN of USA Psychiatric
Association
  • People like Pasteur and Salk are leaders in the
    first sense.
  • People like Gandhi and Confucius, on one hand,
    and Alexander, Caesar and Hitler on the other,
    are leaders in the second and perhaps the third
    sense.
  • Jesus and Buddha belong in the third category
    alone.

94
PROF. JULES MASSERMAN of USA Psychiatric
Association
  • Perhaps the greatest leader of all times was
    MUHAMMAD, who combined all three functions.
  • To a lesser degree, Moses did the same." 

95
ANNIE BESANT in The Life Teaching of MUHAMMAD
says
  • "It is impossible for anyone who studies the life
    character of the great Prophet of Arabia, .,
    to feel anything but reverence for that mighty
    Prophet, one of the great messengers of the
    Supreme. 
  • I myself feel whenever I re-read them, a new way
    of admiration, a new sense of reverence for that
    mighty Arabian teacher." 

96
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