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AN INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM

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Title: AN INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM


1
  • AN INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM
  • with
  • Dr. Seth Ward
  • Religious Studies
  • University of Wyoming

2
Early Islamic Conquests
3
  •  HADITH OF  GABRIEL
  • Muslim, Hadith Chapter 1 Book 001, Number 0001
  • Umar ibn al-Khattab, told me One day we were
    sitting in the company of Allah's Apostle (peace
    be upon him) when there appeared before us a man
    dressed in pure white clothes, his hair
    extraordinarily black. There were no signs of
    travel on him. None amongst us recognized him. At
    last he sat with the Apostle (peace be upon him)
    He knelt before him placed his palms on his
    thighs and said
  • Muhammad, inform me about al-Islam (submission to
    God).
  • The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said
    Al-Islam implies that you testify that there is
    no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the
    messenger of Allah, and you establish prayer,
    pay Zakat, observe the fast of Ramadan, and
    perform pilgrimage to the (House) if you are
    solvent enough (to bear the expense of) the
    journey.
  • He (the inquirer) said You have told the truth.

4
  • He (the inquirer) said Inform me
    about Iman (faith).
  • He (the Holy Prophet) replied That you affirm
    your faith in Allah, in His angels, in His Books,
    in His Apostles, in the Day of Judgment, and you
    affirm your faith in the Divine Decree about good
    and evil.
  • He (the inquirer) said You have told the truth.
  • He (the inquirer) again said Inform me
    about al-Ihsan (performance of good deeds).
  • He (the Holy Prophet) said That you worship
    Allah as if you are seeing Him, for though you
    don't see Him, He, verily, sees you.

5
  • He (the enquirer) again said Inform me about the
    hour (of the Doom).
  • He (the Holy Prophet) remarked One who is asked
    knows no more than the one who is inquiring
    (about it).
  • He (the inquirer) said Tell me some of its
    indications.
  • He (the Holy Prophet) said That the slave-girl
    will give birth to her mistress and master,
    that you will find barefooted, destitute
    goat-herds vying with one another in the
    construction of magnificent buildings.

6
Islamic Beliefs the Five Pillars
  1. Shahadatestimony
  2. SalatPrayer
  3. SawmFasting
  4. Zakat-Alms
  5. Hajj-Pilgrimage

7
Shahada Testimony There is no God but God,
Muhammad is the Messenger of God
Compare ??? ??????
8
Salat
  • 5 times a day
  • In the hadith of the Night Journey and Ascent to
    Heaven Muhammad goes to the 7th heaven and
    receives the command regarding prayer.
  • Term is the same as Aramaic ????? selotha used
    by Christians and Jews.

9
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16
God, forgive me and have mercy upon me and guide
me and give me health and strength and sustenance
17
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20
Some prayers from Posture 8 omitted
21
Prayer Timings Raka'as (Units)
Salat Prayer Timing Fardh (Obligatory) Sunnah Sunnah
Salat Prayer Timing Raka'as (Units) Before Fardh  After Fardh
Fajr (Morning) Between the very beginning of dawn and sunrise 2 2 None
Dhuhr (Noon) Between the declining of the sun Asr 4 4 2
Asr (Late Afternoon) It starts when the shadow of an object is equivalent to its height until (just before) the sunset whereas in the Hanafi method it starts when the shadow of an object is twice its height until (just before) the sunset 4 None None
Maghrib (Evening) Soon after the sunset until the disappearance of the twilight 3 None 2
Isha (Night) After the disappearance of the twilight until midnight 4 None 2 Also prayer (Witr) after Ishaa 3
The above table contains only Fard, Witr and emphasized Sunnah (Sunnah Muakkadah) prayers. The above table contains only Fard, Witr and emphasized Sunnah (Sunnah Muakkadah) prayers. The above table contains only Fard, Witr and emphasized Sunnah (Sunnah Muakkadah) prayers. The above table contains only Fard, Witr and emphasized Sunnah (Sunnah Muakkadah) prayers. The above table contains only Fard, Witr and emphasized Sunnah (Sunnah Muakkadah) prayers.
22
WORLD WIDE PRAYER TIMES
http//www.islamicity.com/prayertimes/
23
Zakat ????
  • Term is the same as ????
  • Sadaqa is used for extra alms.
  • Can be given to any deserving poor (not only
    Muslim).

24
Zakat Calculation
  • In order to calculate your zakat, please fill all
    of the fields. Please note that Womens jewelry
    is not subject to Zakat unless its amount is
    excessive or the jewelry is not being used.
  • 1. Cash on hand and in bank accounts (savings,
    checking)
  • 2. Refundable deposits (e.g. on rented apartment)
  • 3. Non-delinquent loans (money you loaned to
    others)
  • 4. Expected Tax refund     
  • 5. Gold and its certificate     
  • 6. Shares, stocks, bonds, IRA, pension plans,
    options, etc.
  • 7. Business cash on hand and in banks plus
    invoices due.
  • 8. Business inventory Enter 0 if less than
    Nisab.
  • 9. Net income you are entitled to as of Zakat due
    date.
  • 10. Your liabilities

Some Zakat calculators on-line
http//www.islamicity.com/mosque/zakat/zakat_calc
ulator.shtml
http//www.hidaya.org/zakat-calculator.html
25
Ramadan
  • http//moonsighting.com/

http//quran.com/2/185
26
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27
Moon Sighting
28
Hajj--Pilgrimage
29
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30
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaaba
31
Imam Hussein Mosque Karbalah
32
Six Beliefs
  • God
  • Angels
  • Prophets
  • Books
  • Judgment
  • Divine Power and Determination

33
Conclusions
  • Many practices are continuous with those of
    Judaism
  • Pilgrimage has many features of the three Jewish
    pilgrimage festivals (Shalosh Regalim). Ramadan
    comes inexhorably, like the Sabbath. Prayer,
    alms, and testimony have points of contactand
    the Islamic names are all based on words commonly
    used in Aramaic by Christians and Jews for
    similar practices.
  • As in Judaism, Christianity and any other system,
    the basic rituals
  • inculcate central beliefs,
  • shape patterns of behaving to confirm them, and
  • build a sense of belongingidentity as part of a
    group committed to those beliefs.

34
The First Chapter of the Qur'an
  • In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the
    Compassionate! Praise belongs to God, the Lord
    of the Worlds.
  • The All Merciful, the Compassionate, Master of
    the Day of Judgment.
  • Thee only do we serve, to Thee alone do we pray
    for help.
  • Guide us on the Straight Path. The Path of those
    whom Thou has graced not of those against whom
    Thou art wrathful, nor of those who are astray.
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