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The three branches of Texas State government

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The three branches of Texas State government Structured much like the Federal Government 3 branches of state government Judicial branch consists of Texas Criminal ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The three branches of Texas State government


1
The three branches of Texas State government
  • Structured much like the Federal Government

2
3 branches of state government
3
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4
Judicial branch consists of
  • Texas Criminal Courts
  • Texas Civil Courts
  • Texas Courts of Criminal Appeals (appeals courts)
  • Texas Supreme Court
  • Texas Criminal Justice System

5
Judicial Branch duties
  • Sees that Texas laws are applied fairly
  • Oversees law enforcement

6
Court of Appeals
  • The Court of Appeals
  • determines whether trials
  • held in trial courts were
  • fair.

7
Texas Supreme Court
  • The name of the highest court in Texas to hear
    criminal cases is the Supreme Court
  • Nine justices sit on the Texas Supreme Court.

8
judicial term of office
  • Consists of the judges for all courts
  • The length of the term of office for the judges
    of the higher level state courts is six years.

9
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10
Legislative branch
  • The Texas Legislature consists of
  • Texas House of Representatives
  • Texas Senate

11
Legislative powers
  • The Texas Legislature has the power to
  • Propose amendments to the Constitution of Texas.
  • Make laws.
  • to propose a law to raise revenue (a tax law).

12
Making laws
  • Proposed laws called BILLS are introduced in the
    House or Senate, then after being sent to
    committee for consensus, a vote is held.
  • If approved, the Bill is sent to the governor for
    approval..

13
To become a LAW
  • If signed by governor, the Bill becomes a LAW.
  • If not signed-vetoed-it is no law
  • If the governor vetoes a bill, the Legislature
    can override the veto with two-thirds vote.

14
Legislative service
  • The length of a term of office for members of the
    Texas House of Representatives is two years.

15
Texas Senate
  • The length of the term of office for members of
    the Texas Senate is four years
  • Thirty-one senators serve in the Texas Senate.
  • One must be at least 26 years old to be elected
    to the Texas Senate.

16
Financing
  • The Texas Legislature is responsible for
    maintaining a balanced state budget.
  • It does this through
  • Taxes
  • Licenses
  • fees

17
impeachment
  • The Texas Legislature has the sole power of
    impeachment (removing someone from office.)
  • Only one Texas governor has been impeached-Pa
    Ferguson

18
House service
  • People elected to the Texas House of
    Representatives must be at least 21 years old.

19
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20
The Governor
  • The Governor is the highest member of the
    executive branch

21
Executive terms of Service
  • The length of term for the governor of Texas is
    four years.

22
Executive branch
  • The Governor has the power to
  • call special sessions of the legislature for
    emergency state business.
  • declare martial law in case of a state emergency.
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