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Music Appreciation (MUSI 115)

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Music Appreciation (MUSI 115) Class Fourteen The 20th Century and Beyond Review for the Final Exam Fin de si cle c 1895-1905 Belle poque Salon Music Erik ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Music Appreciation (MUSI 115)


1
Music Appreciation (MUSI 115)
  • Class Fourteen
  • The 20th Century and Beyond
  • Review for the Final Exam

2
Fin de siècle
  • c 1895-1905
  • Belle Époque
  • Salon Music
  • Erik Satie
  • Gymnopedie No.1
  • Kurt Weill
  • Lotte Lenya Mack The Knife

3
The Moldau (1874)
  • Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884)
  • Two small springs unite
  • The river forms
  • Hunting horns
  • Country wedding
  • Nightfall/Mermaids
  • Stately castles
  • Rapids
  • Vanishing
  • VIDEO?!

4
The Second Vieneese School
  • Anton Webern
  • Arnold Schoenberg
  • Alban Berg
  • c 1900-1925

5
12-Tone music (Serial Music)
6
Carl Orff (1895-1982)
7
Carmina Burana (1937)
  • O Fortune, like the moon you are changeable, ever
    waxing and waning hateful life first
    oppresses and then soothes as fancy takes it
    poverty and power it melts them like ice. Fate -
    monstrous and empty, you whirling wheel, you are
    malevolent, well-being is in vain and always
    fades to nothing, shadowed and veiled you plague
    me too now through the game
  • I bring my bare back to your villainy. Fate is
    against me in health and virtue, driven on and
    weighted down, always enslaved. So at this
    hour without delay pluck the vibrating
    strings since Fate strikes down the strong
    man, everybody weep with me

8
Scott Joplin (1867-1917)
9
Ragtime music
  • New rhythms
  • Syncopation
  • Scandal!
  • And Ragtime, shameless music That'll grab your
    son and your daughter With the arms of a jungle
    animal instinct!...
  • From The Music Man 1957, Meredith Willson

10
Player Piano/Piano rolls (Demonstration)
11
George Gershwin (1898-1937)
12
Tin Pan Alley
  • West 28th street, between 5th and 6th Avenues
  • Song Plugger

13
Classical Compositions
  • Rhapsody in Blue (1924)
  • Fantasia 2000 (Al Hershfield)
  • An American In Paris
  • Gene Kelly/Vincent Minnelli

14
Aaron Copland (1900-90)
15
Fanfare For The Common Man (1942)
  • House Un-American Committee
  • Senator Joseph P. McCarthy (R-WI)

16
Leonard Bernstein (1918-90)
17
Career
  • Conductor
  • New York Philharmonic
  • Young Peoples Concerts
  • Composer
  • Classical
  • Broadway

18
Candide (1956, 1973, 1982)
  • Francois-Marie Voltaire
  • Candide (1759)
  • The Best of All Possible Worlds
  • Political sarcasm
  • Religious ridicule
  • Scandal
  • Banned

19
Make Our Garden Grow
  • You've been a fool, and so have I, But come and
    by my wife.
  • And let us try, before we die,
  • To make some sense of life.
  • We're neither pure, nor wise,
  • nor good We'll do the best we know. We'll build
    our house and chop our wood And make our garden
    grow, And make our garden grow...
  • I thought the world was sugar cake, For so
    our master said. But now I'll teach my hands to
    bake our loaf of daily bread.
  • Let dreamers dream what worlds they
    please, Those Edens can't be found. The sweetest
    flowers, the fairest trees Are grown in solid
    ground.

20
Final Exam Next Week
  • Cummulative Listening -
  • 2 (Hildegard of Binen) Alleluia, o virga
    mediatrix)
  • through and including
  • 33 (Scott Joplin) Maple Leaf Rag

21
Non- Cummulative Written
  • Tone Poem Bel Canto Impressionism Nationalism
  • (examples of Italian, French
    German) Improvisation fin de siècle Verismo opera
  • Musical Drama (Wagner) Operá Comique
  • Liszt and Pagannini Liebestod Cosima
    Wagner Salome Rubato Pointillism Fanny
    Mendelssohn Ritornello/Ideè Fixe/Leitmotive Colora
    tura Georges Sand Incidental Music Clara
    Schumann 12-Tone Music Leontyne Price "New Times
    For Music" Philistinism Nocturne

22
Sample Essays
  • 1. Discuss the premiere of Beethoven's 9th
    Symphony, including the week long rehearsal
    period leading up to the performance and the
    audience's reaction.
  • 2. Explain the music and political connection
    between Richard Wagner, Richard Strauss and Adolf
    Hitler. Include a discussion of Hitler's use of
    Wagners music, and his love of the last line of
    Act I of Die Walküre "Now let our race
    continue".
  • 3. Discuss the term "impressionism". How did it
    originate? What were the aesthetic goals of the
    composers/painters/writers, etc. of that period?
  • 4. Discuss the Metropolitan Opera premiere of
    Salome. Include the final dress rehearsal,
    premiere and subsequent actions of the city of
    New York.
  • 5. Detail the musical journey down the Moldau.
    Explain how the composer created each vignette.

23
Required Essays
  • What has been your favorite piece of music we
    have studied this semester and WHY?
  • Who do you think was the single most important
    (influential/greatest) composer we have studied
    this semester and WHY?
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