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Part 4: Forging an Industrial Society

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Part 4: Forging an Industrial Society The Gilded Age and Industrialism Chapters 23 to 26 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Part 4: Forging an Industrial Society


1
Part 4 Forging an Industrial Society
  • The Gilded Age and Industrialism
  • Chapters 23 to 26

2
The Gilded Age
  • The Chautauqua movement was
  1. an early form of adult education
  2. an effort to prevent the teaching of evolution
  3. a late nineteenth-century religious revival
  4. a literary movement of expatriate American
    authors
  5. a school of fiction based in the Midwest

A
3
The Gilded Age
  • One reason for the extremely high voter turnouts
    and partisan fervor of the Gilded Age was
  1. the parties differences over economic issues
  2. sharp ethnic and cultural differences in the
    membership of both parties
  3. battles between Catholics and Lutherans
  4. differences over the issue of civil service

B
4
The Gilded Age
  • The Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 was
  1. effective in restoring competition
  2. declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
  3. supported by John D. Rockefeller
  4. not immediately successful in limiting business
    concentration
  5. passed by Congress over the veto of President
    Benjamin Harrison

D
5
The Gilded Age
  • The presidential elections of the 1870s and 1880s
  1. were all won by Republicans
  2. aroused great interest among voters
  3. were rarely close
  4. usually involved sharp partisan differences over
    issues like currency policy and civil-service
    reform

B
6
The Gilded Age
  • The Crime of 1873 was
  • A) the blatant frauds exposed in the 1872
    presidential election
  • B) the buying and selling of votes in attempts
    to defeat the Bland-Allison Silver Purchase Act
  • revelations of the Credit Mobiliér railroad
    construction scandal
  • the decision by Congress to stop the coinage of
    silver
  • the refusal of Congress to remain on the gold
    standard

D
7
The Gilded Age
  • Which of the following is a correct statement
    about the Gilded Age?
  1. The average real wages of blue-collar workers
    declined
  2. The average number of hours people worked
    increased
  3. Prices of farm products rose sharply, causing
    the cost of living to rise steeply
  4. Business activity expanded and contracted
    frequently
  5. The federal debt from the Civil War required
    heavy federal taxes

D
8
The Gilded Age
  • Of the following, which was the most important
    cause of agrarian discontent in the United States?
  1. The end of free homesteads
  2. The end of Republican Party efforts to woo the
    farm vote
  3. The exhaustion of the soil by poor farming
    methods
  4. The feeling that the railroads were exploiting
    the farmers
  5. The increase in the number of immigrants

D
9
The Gilded Age
  • One by-product of the development of the
    railroads was
  1. a scattering of the U.S. population
  2. fewer big cities
  3. the movement of people to cities
  4. a reduction in immigration to the United States

C
10
The Gilded Age
  • J. P. Morgan monitored his competition by placing
    officers of his bank on the boards of companies
    he wanted to control. This method was known as
    a(n)
  1. interlocking directorate
  2. trust
  3. vertical integration
  4. pool

A
11
The Gilded Age
  • The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887
  1. represented a victory over corporate wealth
  2. tended to stabilize the existing business system
  3. revolutionized the existing business system
  4. was repealed shortly after it was enacted

A
12
The Gilded Age
  • Most of the presidents of the 1870s and 1880s
    were all of the following EXCEPT
  1. opposed to high protective tariffs
  2. were Civil War veterans
  3. were Republicans
  4. won narrow victories

A
13
The Gilded Age
  • Most new immigrants
  1. eventually returned to their country of origin
  2. tried to preserve their Old Country culture in
    America
  3. were subjected to stringent immigration
    restrictions
  4. were quickly assimilated into the mainstream of
    American life

B
14
The Gilded Age
  • The first successful oil well was drilled in
  • Texas
  • (B) Oklahoma
  • (C) Pennsylvania
  • (D) New Jersey
  • (E) California

C
15
The Gilded Age
  • The individual associated with the development of
    the skyscraper was
  • John A Roebling
  • (B) Frederick Law Olmsted
  • (C) Louis H. Sullivan
  • (D) Edward Bellamy
  • (E) Thomas A. Edison

C
16
The Gilded Age
  • The first federal regulatory agency designed to
    protect the public interest from business
    combinations was the
  • Federal Trade Commission.
  • (B) Interstate Commerce Commission.
  • (C) Consumer Affairs Commission.
  • (D) Federal Anti-Trust Commission.

B
17
The Gilded Age
  • As a solution to the panic or depression of 1873,
    debtors suggested

(A) a policy of deflation. (B) a passage of the
Resumption Act of 1875. (C) inflationary
policies. (D) restoring the governments credit
rating.
C
18
The Gilded Age
  • The most effective and most enduring labor union
    of the post-Civil War period was the

(A) National Labor Union. (B) Knights of
Labor. (C) American Federation of Labor. (D)
Knights of Columbus.
C
19
The Gilded Age
  • One of the early symbols of the dawning era in
    consumerism in America was

(A) the development of factories. (B) the Sears
catalog. (C) the rise of large department
stores. (D) public transportation systems.
C
20
The Gilded Age
  • Henry George argued that the unearned windfall
    profits of those who did not work for them should
    be

(A) confiscated by government taxation. (B)
distributed to public works through private
philanthropy. (C) saved and invested by private
bankers. (D) looked upon as the inevitable
consequence of survival of the fittest.
A
21
The Gilded Age
  • The term Richardsonian in the late nineteenth
    century pertained to

(A) sculpture (B) novels (C) painting (D)
buildings
D
22
The Gilded Age
  • In the Gilded Age, hard money policies were
    reflected in all of the following EXCEPT

(A) the Resumption Act of 1875 (B) the Crime of
1873 (C) contraction (D) the position of the
Greenback Labor party
D
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