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Amendments to the Constitution

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LESSON 3-2 Amendments to the Constitution GOALS Discuss how the Constitution has been a shield against violations of basic human rights Identify the basic human ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Amendments to the Constitution


1
Amendments to the Constitution
LESSON 3-2
  • Discuss how the Constitution has been a shield
    against violations of basic human rights
  • Identify the basic human rights protected by the
    Bill of Rights and subsequent amendments

2
AMENDMENTS AND RIGHTS
  • U.S. Bill of Rights
  • Civil rights
  • Due process of law
  • Peripheral rights

3
U.S. BILL OF RIGHTS AMENDMENT I
  • Congress shall make no law respecting an
    establishment of religion, or prohibiting the
    free exercise thereof or abridging the freedom
    of speech, or of the press, or the right of the
    people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the
    Government for a redress of grievances.
  • Ensures that U.S. citizens would enjoy the human
    rights proclaimed in the Declaration of
    Independence

4
U.S. BILL OF RIGHTS AMENDMENT II
  • A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the
    security of a free State, the right of the people
    to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

5
U.S. BILL OF RIGHTS AMENDMENT III
  • No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered
    in any house, without the consent of the Owner,
    nor in time of war, but in a manner to be
    prescribed by law.

6
U.S. BILL OF RIGHTS AMENDMENT IV
  • The right of the people to be secure in their
    persons, houses, papers, and effects, against
    unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be
    violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon
    probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation,
    and particularly describing the place to be
    searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

7
U.S. BILL OF RIGHTS AMENDMENT V
  • No person shall be held to answer for a capital,
    or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a
    presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except
    in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or
    in the Militia, when in actual service in time of
    War or public dangers nor shall any person be
    subject for the same offense to be twice put in
    jeopardy of life or limb, nor shall be compelled
    in any criminal case to be a witness against
    himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or
    property, without due process of law nor shall
    private property be taken for public use without
    just compensation.

8
U.S. BILL OF RIGHTS AMENDMENT VI
  • In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall
    enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by
    an impartial jury of the State and district
    wherein the crime shall have been committed,
    which district shall have been previously
    ascertained by law, and to be informed of the
    nature and cause of the accusation to be
    confronted with the witnesses against him to
    have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses
    in his favor, and to have the assistance of
    counsel for his defense.

9
U.S. BILL OF RIGHTS AMENDMENT VII
  • In Suits at common law, where the value in
    controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the
    right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no
    fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise
    re-examined in any Court of the United States,
    than according to the rules of the common law.

10
U.S. BILL OF RIGHTS AMENDMENT VIII
  • Excessive bail shall not be required, nor
    excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual
    punishments inflicted.

11
U.S. BILL OF RIGHTS AMENDMENT IX
  • The enumeration in the Constitution of certain
    rights shall not be construed to deny or
    disparage others retained by the people.

12
U.S. BILL OF RIGHTS AMENDMENT X
  • The powers not delegated to the United States by
    the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the
    States, are reserved to the States respectively,
    or to the people.

13
Civil Rights
  • Personal, natural rights guaranteed by the
    Constitution
  • Role of neutrality for Government
  • Separation between church and state
  • Tolerate all religions but supports none

14
Due Process of Law
  • One of the most significant amendments
  • Fifth no person shall be . . . Deprived of
    life, liberty, or property, without the due
    process of law
  • Legal Rights benefits to which a person is
    justly entitled by law
  • Legal Duties obligations or standards of
    conduct toward other persons that are enforceable
    by law

15
Due Process of Law
  • Due process requires fundamental fairness in
    compliance with reasonable and just laws.

16
Peripheral Rights
  • Some rights are not explicitly mentioned in the
    U.S. Constitution/Bill of Rights, but courts have
    recognized them as necessary to protect.
  • Right of privacy

17
Whats Your Verdict?
  • Is the right to privacy mentioned in our
    Constitution or Bill of Rights?
  • No not specifically mentioned, but it is a
    peripheral right

18
MORE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS
  • Abolishing slavery
  • The right to vote
  • Limiting states powers

19
Abolishing slavery
  • Thirteenth Amendment Neither slavery nor
    involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for
    a crime whereof the party shall have been duly
    convicted, shall exist within the United States,
    or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
  • Whats Your Verdict?
  • Was Ida telling the truth?
  • Yes

20
The right to vote
  • Fifteenth Amendment provided slaves the right to
    vote, but with a poll tax
  • Twenty-Fourth Amendment no poll tax
  • Nineteenth Amendment gave women the right to
    vote
  • Twenty-Sixth gave 18 year olds right to vote

21
Limiting states powers
  • Fourteenth Amendment state governments are
    barred from depriving any person of life,
    liberty, or property without due process of law

22
3-2 Questions
  • Which of the first 10 amendments guarantees
    freedom of speech?
  • First
  • Second
  • Third
  • Freedom of speech is not guaranteed in the Bill
    of Rights

23
3-2 Questions
  • First

24
3-2 Questions
  • The right of privacy is guaranteed in the Bill of
    Rights
  • TRUE / FALSE

25
3-2 Questions
  • FALSE

26
3-2 Questions
  • The _________ Amendment extends due process
    protection to state acts.

27
3-2 Questions
  • 14th Amendment

28
3-2 Questions
  • The Sixth Amendment preserves the right to trial
    by jury in criminal trials.
  • TRUE / FALSE

29
3-2 Questions
  • TRUE

30
3-2 Questions
  • The Fifth Amendment states no one shall be
    deprived of life, liberty, or property without
    ____________.

31
3-2 Questions
  • due process of law

32
3-2 Questions
  • Legal rights and duties are always the same as
    moral rights and duties.
  • TRUE / FALSE

33
3-2 Questions
  • FALSE

34
3-2 Questions
  • Which of the following rights is included in the
    Sixth Amendment?
  • The right to a speedy criminal trial
  • The right to a public criminal trial
  • The right to have defense counsel in a criminal
    trial
  • All of the above

35
3-2 Questions
  • d) All of the above

36
3-2 Questions
  • Which of the following issues does the Fourteenth
    Amendment address?
  • Voting
  • Citizenship
  • Privacy
  • Slavery

37
3-2 Questions
  • b) citizenship

38
Division and Balance of Powers
LESSON 3-3
  • Discuss how the Constitution created a system of
    checks and balances
  • Explain how the power to govern is divided
    between the federal and state governments

39
OUR SYSTEM OF CHECKS AND BALANCES
  • System that gives specific authority to each of
    the three basic branches of government
  • Branches of governments
  • Legislative branch
  • Executive branch
  • Judicial branch
  • Changing the Constitution
  • Our form of government

40
Legislative branch
  • Congress
  • Senate two members from every state
    regardless of population 6-yr. Term
  • House of Representatives seats allocated
    according to population 2-yr. Term
  • Senate House could block each others vote
    checks balance
  • House has power of impeachment
  • Senate has power to trial all impeachment cases
  • Impeachment Cases involve trying a government
    official for misconduct in office

41
Executive Branch
  • Headed by the President and Vice President
  • Political Party private organization of
    citizens who select and promote candidates for
    election to public office

42
Judicial Branch
  • Headed by the Supreme Court of the United States
  • Decides if statutes passed by legislative branch
    and signed by the President are constitutional
  • Involved if President exceed powers

43
Checks and Balances
44
Changing the Constitution
  • Amendment change or alteration of the
    constitution
  • 1) Proposed by 2/3rds vote in Senate House
  • 2) Legislatures of 2/3rds of all states to call
    a convention of all states

45
Our Form of Government
  • Democracy governmental system in which citizens
    vote directly to decide issues
  • Republic voters select their representatives to
    the legislative, executive, and judicial branches

46
Whats your Verdict?
  • Who is correct about system of government?
  • Neither Max nor June
  • Should study the issues the political candidates
    views select the party that most closely
    reflects your views

47
DOES THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAVE TOTAL GOVERNING
POWER?
  • Sovereignty of the states
  • Amendment X (freedom from external control)
  • Most states control business contract law /
    criminal and tort law / realty / probate /
    domestic relations

48
DOES THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAVE TOTAL GOVERNING
POWER?
  • Powers of the federal government
  • -- duty to protect every state against invasion
  • -- raise and support armies/navy/air force
  • -- power to regulate interstate commerce /
    foreign commerce
  • -- post office / coin money / tax imports
    exports

49
3-3 Questions
  • Under our Constitution, all spending bills must
    originate in the _______________

50
3-3 Questions
  • House of Representatives

51
3-3 Questions
  • Which of the following powers was not retained by
    the states?
  • power to define and apply tort (personal injury)
    law
  • power to define and apply criminal laws
  • power to define and apply probate laws
  • the states retained all of the above powers

52
3-3 Questions
  • d) the states retained all of the above powers

53
3-3 Questions
  • Individual states in the U.S. can coin money.
  • TRUE / FALSE

54
3-3 Questions
  • FALSE

55
3-3 Questions
  • The legislative branch of the federal government
    is the _____________

56
3-3 Questions
  • Congress

57
3-3 Questions
  • The U.S. Senate is made up of _____________
    members from every state.

58
3-3 Questions
  • two

59
3-3 Questions
  • The U.S. House of Representatives is made up of
    the same number of members from each state.
  • TRUE / FALSE

60
3-3 Questions
  • FALSE

61
3-3 Questions
  • The U.S. Senate has the power to initiate
    impeachment proceedings against a U.S. President
  • TRUE / FALSE

62
3-3 Questions
  • FALSE

63
3-3 Questions
  • The _____________ branch of government is headed
    the President.

64
3-3 Questions
  • Executive
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