CHAPTER 7 : Response to Crisis: Absolutism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – CHAPTER 7 : Response to Crisis: Absolutism PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 7b5722-NGFkM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

CHAPTER 7 : Response to Crisis: Absolutism

Description:

CHAPTER 7 : Response to Crisis: Absolutism 8. France Under Louis XIV: A. Louis XIV: best example of absolutism in the 17th century; all other European monarchs tried ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:63
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: kmcgraw
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: CHAPTER 7 : Response to Crisis: Absolutism


1
CHAPTER 7 Response to Crisis Absolutism
  • 8. France Under Louis XIV
  • A. Louis XIV best example of absolutism in the
    17th
  • century all other European monarchs
    tried to imitate his court
  • B. Richelieu and Mazarin
  • - Louis XIII and Louis XIV both come to the
    throne at young
  • ages, therefore the monarch was kept in
    tact by their ministers,
  • Richelieu and Mazarin.
  • - Richelieu (Louis XIII minister)
    strengthened the power of
  • the monarch, took Huguenots political and
    military rights because they were seen as a
    threat had spies to uncover plots by nobles and
    then executed them
  • - Mazarin (Louis XIV minister) crushed a
    revolt led by the
  • nobility result the people realized French
    stability lay in a strong monarch.

2

LOUIS XIV
RICHELIEU
MAZARIN
3
  • C. Louis XIV Comes to Power
  • - Marzin dies Louis XIV takes over supreme
    power becomes known as the Sun King the light
    of his people

4
  • . Government and Religion
  • - Palace Louis had built was at Versailles.
    It served 3
  • purposes 1. personal household to
    the king 2. chief offices
  • of the state are located their and 3.
    subjects came to find
  • favors for themselves
  • - Louis removed his biggest threat, the
    nobles and royal
  • princes, by keeping them out of
    politics and keeping them
  • busy with court life Louis did not
    share his authority with
  • anyone
  • - Louis was anti-Protestant revokes the
    Edict of Nantes he
  • ordered all Huguenot churches to be
    destroyed and all their
  • schools to be closed Result 200,000
    Huguenots fled to
  • England, the United Provinces, and
    the German states

5
EDICT OF NANTES
VERSAILLES
6
  • E. The Economy and War
  • - Jean-Baptiste Colbert Louis finance
    minister followed ideas of mercantilism granted
    subsidies to new industries built roads and
    canals raised tariffs on foreign goods allowed
    Louis to build palace, to maintain his court, and
    to fight wars
  • - War Had a 400,000 man standing army other
    European nations had to form coalitions to
    prevent him from dominating
  • F. Legacy of Louis XIV
  • - left France with great debt and surrounded
    by enemies

7
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
8
  • Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe
  • A. After the Thirty Years Wars, Prussia and
    Austria emerged as great European Powers
  • Prussia Fredrick William the Great Elector laid
    the
  • foundation for Prussia.
  • - Prussia was a small territory no natural
    barriers for defense, therefore he built the
    fourth largest standing army in Europe.
  • To maintain the army and his own power, Fredrick
    William set up the General War Commissariat it
    levied taxes for the growth of the army and state
  • Eventually Frederick William and his son are
    given the title of king.

9
Fredrick William the Great Elector of Prussia
10
  • Austria The Hapsburgs had lost the Holy Roman
    Empire at the end of the Thirty Years War,
    therefore they began building their Austrian
    Empire in east and southeast Europe.
  • The Austrian monarch never became centalized or
    absolute because the state was composed of many
    national groups each area had its own laws and
    political life Nothing tied the regions together
    except their ideal of service to the Hapsburgs

11
  • Russia Under Peter the Great
  • A. 16th Century, Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) was
    first Russian ruler to take the title of czar he
    expanded territories and
  • crushed the boyars
  • When Ivan died, a period of anarchy known as the
    Time of Troubles followed ended when the
    national assembly chose Michael Romanov as the
    new czar the Romanovs rule Russia over 300 years
  • Peter the Great absolute monarch claimed divine
    right responsible for modernizing Russia
    visited Europe brings technology back to Russia

12
Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible)
PETER THE GREAT
  • Romanov

13
  • D. Military Changes
  • - Peter reorganized army drafted peasants
    for 25 years of European officers
  • Cultural Changes
  • - Peter prepared the first book of Russian
    etiquette made nobles shave their beards unless
    they pay
  • a tax to keep it forces Russians to start
    dressing like Westerners held gatherings and
    force men and women to dance and talk.
  • St. Petersburg
  • Peter needed a port with accesses to Europe
    therefore he fights Sweden for territory on the
    Baltic Sea and win. Began construction of St.
    Petersburg on the Baltic Sea in Western style
    hired European architects to design remains the
    Russian capital until 1918.

14
Baltic Sea
15
Section 4 The World of European Culture
  • 11. Mannerism
  • - began in 1520s 1530s, as the Renaissance
    came to an end
  • - artistic movement that broke down the
    principles of balance, harmony, and moderation
  • - rules of proportion were ignored elongated
    figures
  • - El Greco mood he depicts in his paintings
    reflects the religious upheavals of the
    Reformation

16
El Greco
17
The Baroque Period
  • . - replaced mannerism
  • - artistic style characterized by complex forms,
    bold ornamentation, and contrasting elements
    meant to arouse some emotion
  • - Gian Lorenzo Bernini architect and sculptor
    completed Saint Peters Basilica Throne of Saint
    Peter

18
Gian Lorenzo Bernini Throne of Saint Peter
19
Baroque Art
20
  • . A Golden Age of Literature
  • A. Englands Shakespeare
  • - William Shakespeare playwright and
    actor in the theatre company, Lord Chamberlains
    Men wrote 37 plays
  • - coined more than 1700 words in the
    English language
  • B. Spanish Literature
  • - Lope de Vega playwright wrote _at_ 1,500
    plays
  • - Miguel de Cervantes wrote novel Don
    Quixote

21
William Shakespeare
22
1700 words in the English language
  • BEDROOM
  • LONELY
  • LOVE SICK
  • SNEAKY
  • GLOOMY
  • SECRET
  • JEALOUS

23
PLAYS
  • ROMEO AND JULIET
  • MIDSUMMER NIGHTS DREAM
  • RICHARD III
  • OTHELLO
  • MACBETH
  • HAMLETT

24
  • Lope de Vega

Miguel de Cervantes
25
  • . Political Thought
  • A. Thomas Hobbes
  • - wrote Leviathan
  • - thought people were naturally greedy and
    selfish
  • - only a powerful
  • government can create a
  • peaceful, orderly
  • society

26
  • John Locke
  • - wrote Two Treatises of Government
  • - thought people were basically good,
    reasonable and moral
  • - thought people had natural rights
    government should protect natural rights
  • government should be limited in power and
    accepted by all citizens if government does not
    protect
  • natural rights, then people have the
  • right to overthrow it a right to revolution
About PowerShow.com