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The United States as a World Power


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Title: The United States as a World Power

The United States as a World Power
  1. Platt Amendment
  2. Protectorate
  3. Nationalism
  4. Open Door Notes
  5. Boxer Rebellion
  6. Great White Fleet
  7. Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
  8. Dollar Diplomacy
  9. Sphere of Influence
  10. Sewards Folly
  11. Splendid Little War
  12. Rough Riders
  13. San Juan Hill
  14. Panama Canal
  15. Annexation of Hawaii
  1. Alfred T Mahan
  2. Sanford B Dole
  3. Jose Marti
  4. George Dewey
  5. Emilio Aguinaldo
  6. John Hay
  7. Queen Liliukalani
  8. Pancho Villa
  9. Imperialism
  10. Yellow Journalism
  11. De Lome Letter
  12. USS Maine
  13. Teller Amendment

  • Starter 10/15
  • Test Corrections
  • 15 minutes

  • Review Goal 7 Test
  • Review Homework questions
  • New Homework questions
  • Begin Goal 6
  • Journalism Activity

  • Read pages 454-466
  • What policy does the US abandon in the late
    1800s? P454
  • In what ways did imperialistic countries utilize
    weaker territories p454-55
  • Describe how imperialism impacted militaries.
  • Compare and contrast how the themes of Social
    Darwinism and Manifest Destiny are prevalent in
    the West following the Civil War, the Northeast
    during the height of industrialization and
    urbanization and in world affairs during
    imperialism. P 456
  • What was the safety valve how did it evolve and
    what role did it serve? 456
  • Who was William Seward? How did his
    contemporaries and historians view his actions?
  • What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine and
    how does it become a factor during Clevelands
    administration? 457
  • What events led to the United States acquisition
    of Hawaii? 457-459
  • What interests did America have in Cuba and what
    threatened these interests? 460-61
  • In what way did Yellow Press influence the events
    in Cuba? 461
  • How do de Lome and the USS Maine fit into Yellow
    Press? 461-62
  • What events pushed the United States into war?
  • Describe the events that took place in the
    Philippines. 463
  • How did Theodore Roosevelt come to fame during
    the Spanish American War? 464
  • How did the Spanish American War impact America
    and the other nations involved? 465-66

Due tomorrow!
  1. How did America view Asia and the Philippines?
  2. Describe the evolution of Aguinaldos
    relationship with the United States. 467
  3. What were the effects of the war in the
    Philippines? 468
  4. What role did Taft play in the Philippines? 468-9
  5. What is the significance of the Spheres of
    Influence and how did it threaten the United
    States? 469
  6. What role did John Hay play in Asia? 469
  7. Describe the events that led to the Boxer
    Rebellion and its significance. 470
  8. What was an act of good will by the United
    States? And how was it meant to benefit them? 470
  9. What was Japans response to imperialism? 470
  10. Why was Roosevelt awarded the Nobel Peace Prize?
  11. Describe the causes and effects of the
    Gentlemens Agreement. 471
  12. How does the Great White Fleet demonstrate
    Americas role during the imperialistic era? 471

  • 6.01 Examine the factors that led to the United
    States taking an increasingly active role in
    world affairs

Starter Wednesday, October 25 Copy this chart
and complete. Use pages 549-550 for help!
Factor Meaning (Explain in own words) Example
1. Desire for military strength
2. Thirst for new markets
3. Belief in cultural superiority
Starter Tuesday, October 31 Now Then Puerto
Rico (page 559)
  1. What are the privileges rights of members of an
    American commonwealth?
  2. Why do some Puerto Ricans oppose Puerto Rico
    becoming a state?
  3. Do you think if Puerto Rico became a state,
    Puerto Ricans should have to speak English and
    give up their Latino heritage?

Starter Wednesday, November 1
  • What was the de Lome letter? (553-554)
  • The U.S. maintained a large well equipped navy
    during the Spanish American War. Describe its
    army? (556)
  • Read Pres. McKinleys statement regarding why the
    U.S. should annex the Philippines on page 556
    (Debate over the Treaty)? What was the fallacy
    in his statement?
  • What did Booker T. Washington think about
    imperialism? (557)

Starter Thursday, November 2
  • Read Geography Spotlight The Panama Canal
    Funnel for Trade on pages 572-573. Answer the
    questions below
  • How many miles were saved by a ship sailing from
    New York to San Francisco after the Panama Canal
    was built?
  • What is an isthmus, according to the reading?
  • How did the Panama Canal enhance world trade and
    Americas role in it?

Answers on the next slide, after the class is
  • How many miles were save by a ship sailing from
    New York to San Francisco after the Panama Canal
    was built?
  • before 13,000 miles
  • after 5,200 miles
  • miles saved 7,800 miles
  • 2. What is an isthmus, according to the
  • a narrow strip of land (connected North South
  • How did the Panama Canal enhance world trade and
    Americas role in it?
  • Answers vary America was able to trade more
    efficently increasing its power as an economic
    world leader Global products were sold more
    easily and America was able to participate in
    this exchange of international goods

The Scramble for Africa 1885-1900
(No Transcript)
History of the 20th Century 1900-1909
  • What was the burning issue of the early 1900s?
  • What happened to President McKinley at the world
  • Why did the bosses want Roosevelt to be Vice
  • What was Roosevelts big stick?
  • Describe the west in 1900.
  • Why was the Sears Roebuck catalog so important?
  • Name four ways people entertained themselves
    during the early 1900s.
  • Where did the teddy bear get its name?
  • How did Thomas Edison revolutionize the way
    Americans were entertained?
  • Why was the Panama Canal significant?
  • Explain what life was like for children in the
    early 20th century?

Read Chapter 18, Sect. 2-4 and answer the
questions (write the questions)
  • Why was the opinion of Cuban independence
  • What happened to the USS Maine? What was
    reported in the news?
  • Briefly describe the terms of the Treaty of Paris
    of 1898.
  • Why was the U.S. interested in events in Puerto

  • What sparked the Boxer Rebellion in 1900 and how
    was it crushed?
  • What three key beliefs about Americas industrial
    capitalist economy were reflected in the Open
    Door Policy?
  • What conflict triggered the war between Japan
  • Why is the construction of the Panama Canal
    considered one of the worlds greatest
    engineering feats?
  • Explain the key difference between Woodrow
    Wilsons moral diplomacy and Teddy Roosevelts
    big stick diplomacy?

Starter 10/16
  • Read the handout and answer the following
  • What events led to the US entering the
  • What were the reactions of the people to our
  • When was the war officially over?
  • When did the US withdraw troops?

Due Friday 10/16
  • What challenges resulted due to the Spanish
    American War? 4733
  • Describe the relationship America shares with
    both Puerto Rico and Cuba. Include significant
    legislation. 472-473
  • How did Roosevelt approach imperialism? 473
  • What benefits and challenges resulted from the
    construction of the Panama Canal. 474-475
  • How did Roosevelt implement the Monroe Doctrine
    and what was the response? 475-77
  • How did Tafts administration differ from
    Roosevelts? 477
  • What was Americas foreign policy under Wilson?
  • Describe the events of the Mexican Revolution
  • What events led to US troops being deployed to
    Mexico, what were the consequences and who were
    the key players? 479

  • 6.02 Identify the areas of United States
    military, economic, and political involvement and
  • 6.03 Describe how the policies and actions of the
    United States government impacted the affairs of
    other countries.

America Expands Internationally
  • Imperialism became a trend in the late 1900s
  • Imperialism was the policy in which stronger
    nations extended their economic, political, or
    military control over weaker territories
  • Americans believed it was the White Mans
    Burden to extend civilization to the world
  • Americans drew from Social Darwinism with the
    belief that Anglo-Saxons were the superior race
  • These philosophies were used to justify

Global Competition
  • The American imperialism was fueled by three
  • 1. desire for military strength
  • 2. thirst for new markets
  • 3. belief in cultural superiority
  • U.S. Navy Admiral Alfred Mahan urged the
    government to build up the navy

  • Alaska was acquired from Russia in 1867 for 7.2
  • The purchase was made by Secretary of State
    William Seward, who saw the rich natural
    resources of the region
  • Many criticized Seward, calling the purchase
    Sewards Folly or Sewards Icebox

  • Americans had owned sugar plantations in Hawaii
    since the 1850s and had made great profits
  • They pressured the monarchy of Hawaii to allow
    the U.S. to build a naval base (Pearl Harbor)
  • Eventually, wealthy business owners overthrew
    Queen Liliuokalani and Hawaii was a territory of
    the US in 1898 (it became the 50th state in 1959)

Queen Liliuokalani
Cuban Independence
  • Americans had long been interested in Cuba, and
    once offered to buy it from Spain
  • In the late 1800s, Cuba was still under Spanish
    rule but many Cubans desired independence
  • When Cubans rebelled against Spain in 1895 and
    Spanish troops were sent in to restore order
  • Spain sent General Valeriano Weyler to squash the
  • Cubans were put in concentration camps
    brutalized. and American journalists exposed the
    horrible conditions

Spanish General Valeriano Weyler
American Journalist Become Involved
  • American journalists exposed the horrible
    conditions in Cuba
  • The journalists often exaggerated and told untrue
  • They were branded yellow journalists and wanted
    to ignite the emotions of the U.S. people against

Yellow Journalists
  • William Randolph Hearst

Joseph Pulitzer
USS Maine
  • A U. S. battleship, USS Maine, was sent to the
    Havana harbor to protect American property
    bring home American citizens

USS Maine Exploded!
  • On February 15, 1898 the USS Maine exploded,
    killing 260 men
  • Although it was (discovered later) an internal
    explosion, the yellow journalists said the
    Spanish had blown up the battleship
  • Americans became enraged and Congress declared
    war on Spain in April of 1898

Remember the Maine!
Journalism Activity
  • Part I
  • Search through copies of the newspaper and find
    examples of Yellow Journalism today
  • Cut it out!
  • Part II
  • Find a topic of Interest to you in your textbook
  • Create a headline and brief article about the
  • Use the facts but attempt to persuade your
    audience to feel a certain way about the topic

The Spanish-American War
  • Rather than heading to Cuba, the American naval
    fleet headed to Spanish colony of the Philippines
  • Within two hours, Commodore George Dewey his
    men had destroyed every Spanish ship
  • The Philippines supported American because they
    too, wanted independence from Spain
  • For the next two months, Filipino forces fought
    with the Americans and the Spanish troops
    surrendered in August of 1898

Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino rebel leader
Commodore George Dewey
War in the Caribbean
  • During the summer of 1898, fighting took place in
  • The most famous battle took place on Kettle Hill
    San Juan Hill by the Rough Riders, a volunteer
    regiment led by Theodore Roosevelt

Rough Riders
The War Ends
  • After 15 weeks of fighting, the U.S. Spain
    signed an armistice (cease fire) in August of
  • The Secretary of War, John Hay, called it a
    splendid little war
  • In December, the U.S. Spain signed the Treaty
    of Paris of 1898
  • Cuba was freed, Guam Puerto Rico were given to
    America the Philippines were sold to the U.S.
    for 20 million

Rule in Puerto Rico
  • There was a debate regarding whether Puerto Rico
    should be independent or annexed to the U.S. as a
  • In 1900, the Foraker Act gave the U.S. the power
    to appoint a governor members of their upper
    house (Puerto Ricans could elect members of their
    lower house)
  • In 1917, Puerto Ricans became U.S. citizens
  • Today, Puerto Rico is considered a commonwealth

Rule in Cuba
  • Attached to the Treaty of Paris was the Teller
    Amendment, which gave Cuba independence, but
    installed the U.S. military government there for
    3 years (to protect American businesses restore
  • In 1900, the Platt Amendment was added, which
    limited the Cuban government, gave the U.S. two
    naval bases in Cuba, and allowed for U.S.
    intervention whenever necessary.

The Panama Canal
  • Roosevelt envisioned a canal across the isthmus
    of Panama to allow U.S. ships to move more
    quickly between the Atlantic Pacific Oceans
  • The Columbian government, which controlled the
    territory, refused to sell the land for the
  • The Panamanian (with U.S. support) people
    revolted against the Columbians in 1903, and
    gained their independence.

The Panama Canal
  • The Panamanians leased the land needed for the
  • Construction took place from 1905-1914
  • Major malaria outbreaks
  • Moved 175 million yards of earth

Influence in the Western Hemisphere
  • The Roosevelt Corollary (the U.S. would use force
    to protect its economic interests in Latin
    America) led to increased U.S. involvement Latin
  • This also became known as Roosevelts Big Stick
    diplomacy (from the West African proverb, Speak
    softly carry a big stick you will go far)
  • It meant that the U.S. did not intend to be a
    threatening presence, but it would not hesitate
    to forcefully protect its own interests

China the U.S.
  • The U.S. wanted to make sure that China remained
    open to trade
  • The Open Door Policy was established to keep
    China open for trade commerce.
  • Some Chinese nationalists, the Boxers, rebelled
    against this American influence this was called
    the Boxer Rebellion
  • An international force was sent to stop this

  • Factors that fueled imperialism define
  • Causes effects goals of the Spanish American
    War (yellow journalism, USS Maine, Desire for
    Cuban independence, Treaty of Paris terms
  • Roosevelts diplomacy (Roosevelt Corollary Big
    Stick diplomacy)
  • Importance of Panama Canal
  • San Juan Hill Rough Riders Battles of the
    Spanish American War
  • Purpose of the Open Door Policy effects (Boxer
  • People Alfred Mahan, Hearst Pulitzer,
    Roosevelt, Wilson, George Dewey

Chapter 18 Classwork/ Homework Questions
1. Why was the opinion of Cuban independence
  • U.S. businessmen sided with Spain because they
    wanted to protect their investments
  • The American people sympathized with the Cuban
    demand for independence

2. What happened to the USS Maine? What was
reported in the news?
  • It exploded
  • It was reported that the Spanish had blown the
    ship up!

3. Briefly describe the terms of the Treaty of
Paris of 1898.
  • Cuba became independent
  • Spain gave up Puerto Rico Guam to the U.S.
  • US paid 20 million for the Philippines

4. Why was the U.S. interested in events in
Puerto Rico?
  • Puerto Rico was strategically important to the
    U.S. as a way to assert its presence in the
    Caribbean and as a base for protecting a possible
    canal through the Isthmus of Panama

5. What sparked the Boxer Rebellion in 1900 and
how was it crushed?
  • The Boxers stages a revolt to expel foreigners
    from China
  • In August 1900, troops from Britain, France,
    Germany, Japan, and the U.S. marched on the
    Chinese capital to end the Boxer Rebellion

6. What three key beliefs about Americas
industrial capitalist economy were reflected in
the Open Door Policy?
  1. U.S. economy depended on exports to ensure growth
  2. U.S. had the right to intervene abroad to keep
    foreign markets open
  3. Closing an area to American products threatened
    U.S. survival

7. What conflict triggered the war between Japan
  • A dispute over control of Korea

8. Why is the construction of the Panama Canal
considered one of the worlds greatest
engineering feats?
  • To construct the canal, workers fought diseases
    (yellow fever malaria).
  • Had to remove soft volcanic soil that was hard to

9. Explain the key difference between Woodrow
Wilsons moral diplomacy and Teddy Roosevelts
big stick diplomacy?
  • Roosevelts big stick diplomacy demanded that
    European nations stay out of the affairs in Latin
    American nations
  • Wilsons missionary diplomacy demanded that
    countries in Latin America establish democracies

History of the 20th Century 1910-1919
  • In 1914, what happened to Austria-Hungarys
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand his wife while
    visiting Serbia?
  • Name 2 allies of Austria-Hungary.
  • Name 1 ally of France.
  • What was Woodrow Wilsons position about the U.S.
    entering the Great War in Europe (WWI) at the
    beginning of the war?
  • What happened to the cruise liner The Lusitania?
  • Who won the Presidential election of 1916?

  1. What was WWI like for American troops?
  2. What sport was Americas past time during the
  3. Describe Woodrow Wilson.
  4. Who was John Pershing?
  5. Who was Charlie Chaplin?
  6. Why was The Birth of a Nation such a hit? Why
    was it controversial?
  7. What were some of the new technologies used in

  • 14. What was the name of Wilsons peace plan
    after WWI?
  • 15. What type of epidemic spread around the
    world in 1919?