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RELEVANCE OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENT MOBILITY TO WORK AND EMPLOYMENT

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relevance of international student mobility to work and employment. comparison of finfings in brazil, chile, slovenia and finland. dr. valeska v. geldres – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: RELEVANCE OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENT MOBILITY TO WORK AND EMPLOYMENT


1
  • RELEVANCE OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENT MOBILITY TO
    WORK AND EMPLOYMENT
  • COMPARISON OF FINFINGS IN BRAZIL, CHILE, SLOVENIA
    AND FINLAND
  • Dr. Valeska V. Geldres
  • University of La Frontera Chile
  • University of Sao Paulo Brazil
  • Ljubljana 25. 10. 2013

2
AGENDA
  • The countries
  • Results
  • Conclusions

3
  • THE COUNTRIES

4
The countries
5
Population and average age of the population
(mill)
CHILE 17,4 mill 32,7 years
BRAZIL 193,7 mill 29,7 years
SLOVENIA 2,1 mill 42 years
FINLAND 5,4 mill 42,2 years
Source Euromonitor International 2013
6
University Students
Country Number of University Students 2012 ('000) Increase 2007-2012
81,3 23,6
6.206,70 28,9
615,2 37,6
292,9 2,0
Source Euromonitor International 2013
7
CHILE
Chile ranked 37th out of 185 economies (and first
amongst Latin American Caribbean countries) in
the World Banks Ease of Doing Business Report
2013. The country has open policies towards
foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade (8.5
of total GDP between 2007 and 2012). The
countrys information and communications
technology (ICT) sector is amongst the most
advanced at regional level. However, Chiles
capacity for innovation remains limited partly
due to relatively low investment in research and
development (RD) activities (0.3 of total
GDP). The quality of the Chilean educational
system is perceived as weak, which contributes to
create skills shortages and to dampen the
countrys capacity for innovation.
Productivity levels in Chile (measured as GDP per
person employed) are the highest in Latin America
at US32,114 in 2012, although remain well below
the OECD average of US77,080 in the same year.
Source Euromonitor International 2013
8
BRAZIL
  • In the Ease of Doing Business 2012, Brazil
    ranked 126th out of 183
  • economies as excessive bureaucratic
    procedures continue to be embedded in the
    countrys business climate.
  • However, factors like a developed financial
    system, generally open policies towards foreign
    direct investment (FDI), and a large consumer
    market contribute to make the country more
    competitive.
  • In 2011, Brazils total expenditure on
    Research and Development (RD) as a percentage of
    total GDP was the largest in Latin America at
    1.2.
  • The overall quality of education in Brazil is
    lacking and the countys productivity levels do
    not totally correspond to its high wages.
  • Brazil offers considerable opportunities in
    its consumer market, the largest in Latin
    America, worth R2.4 trillion (US1.5 trillion)
    in 2011.
  • Source Euromonitor International 2013

9
  • RESULTS

10
SKILLS THAT EMPLOYERS SEEK IN JUST GRADUATED
STUDENTS ( of answers)
11
TOP FIVE SKILLS THAT EMPLOYERS SEEK IN JUST
GRADUATED STUDENTS ( of answers)
Brazilian employers (N88) Brazilian employers (N88) Slovene employers (N58) Slovene employers (N58) Finish employers (N283) Finish employers (N283) Chilean employers (n16) Chilean employers (n16)
Responsibility 70 Responsibility 76 Reliability Confiança 83 Reliability Confiança 94
Initiative 70 Reliability Confiança 75 Cooperativeness 71 Responsibility 94
Ability to look for and process information 59 Ability to look for and process information 73 Ability to adapt knowledge to new situations 48 Initiative 88
Reliability Confiança 53 Ability to adapt knowledge to new situations 71 Problem-solving skills 47 Problem-solving skills 81
Ability to adapt knowledge to new situations 53 Cooperativeness 69 Decision-making 39 Perseverance 75
12
COMPETENCIES EMPLOYERS THINK ARE GAINED WITH ISM
( of answers)
13
TOP THREE COMPETENCIES EMPLOYERS THINK ARE GAINED
WITH ISM( of answers)
Brazilian employers (N88) Brazilian employers (N88) Slovene employers (N58) Slovene employers (N58) Finish employers (N492) Finish employers (N492) Chilean employers (N16) Chilean employers (N16)
Improve the knowledge of foreign languages 75 Learn about other cultures and environments (cultural knowledge) 68 Improve the knowledge of foreign languages 67 Learn about new forms of work 69
Entrepreneurship and initiative 48 Improve the knowledge of foreign languages 61 Learn about other cultures and environments (cultural knowledge) 35 Improve the knowledge of foreign languages 63
Flexibility 47 Establish contacts with foreign students / businesses (networking ability) 40 Flexibility 19 Expertise in the field of study 44
14
VALUE OF INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE / ISM
15
VALUE OF INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE / ISM
Value of international experience Brasilian employers (n88) Slovenen employers (n58) Finish employers (n677) Chilean employers (n16)
It is not the decisive factor for employment of the candidate.   36    
It is not relevant in employment with us.     41  
It is not a prerequisite for the job. 40     50
we require international experience. 2 3 0 0
In recruiting we do not care 7 10 15 13
16
WHOM DO FAVOR THE EMPLOYERS? AN STUDENT WHO HAD
INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCIE FOR STUDIES (ISM-S)
OR WORKING EXPERIENCE AT HOME (W)? ( of
answers)
17
WHOM DO FAVOR THE EMPLOYERS? AN STUDENT WHO HAD
WORKING EXPERIENCE AT HOME (W) OR ISM W (
of answers)
18
  • CONCLUSIONS

19
  • COOPERATION BETWEEN HEI AND BUSINESSES
  • WHY DO WE NEED TO COOPERATE?
  • The results show that companies do not perceive
    that ISM activities contributes to the skills
    they are looking for.
  • It is necessary to communicate, promote the
    skills that students develop when doing ISM. It
    is important to pay attention on the work
    experience, as they are the most appreciated by
    companies.

20
  • GRACIAS
  • OBRIGADA
  • TACK
  • HVALA
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