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Service Level Agreement

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Title: Service Level Agreement


1
 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCILPresentation to
Parliament11 October 2007Presented By Chief
Executive Officer Dr Shadrack Moephuli
2
ARC DELEGATION
  • Ms. Jean Davidson Council Chair
  • Mr. Elton Bosch Council Deputy Chair
  • Mr. Thabiso Mudau Stakeholder relations

3
MANDATE OF THE ARC
  • OBJECTIVE To promote agriculture and the
    industry in order to contribute to the
    improvement of the quality of life of the people
    of RSA
  • THROUGH
  • Conduct research
  • Develop technology
  • Transfer technology that promotes agriculture and
    industry.

4
SPECIFIC ARC GOALS IN SUPPORT OF NATIONAL
PRIORITIES
  • The sustainable use of the natural resource base
    and the environment
  • The competitiveness of the South African
    agricultural sector
  • Increased participation, equity and access to the
    sector (by resource-poor farmers)
  • Support for the production of high quality, safe
    food, and
  • Generating knowledge for an informed society

5
ARCS CONTRIBUTION TO NATIONAL INITIATIVES
  • The ARC plays an important role in the following
  • Comprehensive Agricultural Support Programme
    (CASP),
  • Integrated Food Security and Nutrition Programme
    (IFSNP), Poverty Alleviation,
  • Land Reform for Agricultural Development (LRAD),
  • Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative of South
    Africa (ASGISA),
  • Government regulatory responsibilities, (eg
    sanitary and phytosanitary controls)
  • Ensuring a sustainable use of limited natural
    resources (soil, water, and agro-biodiversity)

6
Agricultural Research Council Research Farms,
institutes Offices
34
30
52
Potgietersrus
53-62
29
21-22
65
33
8
38-42
Johannesburg
80
50-51
28
Vryburg
75-78
25
26-27
17-18
5
24
16
Upington
37
45-48
Bloemfontein
Durban
6-7
32
35-36
Middelburg
72-73
9
2
1
20
43-44
79
East London
23
66-71
31
10
74
12-15
81
3
11
64
Cape Town
83
49
4
19
7
ARCS CONTRIBUTION TO THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
  • Optimum value addition on primary agriculture
    products to the agricultural value chain
  • Sustainable use of natural resources
  • Research on climate change
  • Elimination of diseases and pests that undermine
    agricultural production
  • Effective entry point control of imported
    weeds, pests diseases
  • Development and growth of regional and
    international markets for agricultural products
  • Commitment to regional initiatives eg NEPAD SADC

8
  • ARCS ACHIEVEMENTS IN DELIVERING ON ITS MANDATE

9
Sugar Dry Bean
  • The speckled sugar dry bean cultivar Sederberg
    was bred at ARC-GCI to improve the resistance of
    dry bean cultivars to fungal diseases.
  • Sederberg is resistant to the fungal diseases
    rust and angular leaf spot and is resistant to
    bean common mosaic virus (BCMV).
  • It is high yielding and widely adapted especially

    in the high rainfall areas
    where fungal
    diseases
    are a problem.
  • ARC released Sederberg, a red speckled
  • sugarbean (Type II growth habit) with rust
  • (UR-11 and UR-13), ALS and Bean Common
  • Mosiac Virus resistance.

10
PRODUCTION GUIDELINES
  • Another focus on competitiveness is improved
    production practices that lower production costs,
    increase profitability and add value to products
    9000 copies of Maize Information Guide (MIG
    2006) containing technical information were
    printed and mailed to 7000 producers. A total of
    1000 copies were also supplied to the Small-Scale
    farmer section of Grain SA for use in their study
    groups.
  • Two Production guidelines, namely Guidelines for
    the Production of small grains in the Summer
    Rainfall Region and Guidelines for the
    Production of small grains in the Winter Rainfall
    Region were made available during April 2006 to
    6500 producers, extension officers and
    scientists. These production guides contain
    technical information and updated improved
    technologies such as effective growth regulators,
    herbicide resistance, seeding density, pest and
    disease control as well as information on
    explained cultivars.

11
MAIZE
  • A quality protein maize (QPM) cultivar SAM1109
    has been developed and breeder seed produced for
    seed companies, 420 tons of certified maize seed
    of open-pollinated cultivars were produced for
    resource poor and developing farmers, primarily
    in Limpopo, Mpumalanga and the Eastern Cape
    provinces, in partnerships with a small seed
    company.

12
Food Security, Nutrition and Health
  • Vitamin A deficiency 33
  • Model for household food production nutrition
    education, cultivation growth monitoring
    programm
  • MRC ARC International Collaboration
  • Food based approach to alleviate vitamin A
    deficiency
  • Introduction of orange fleshed sweet potato,
    other vit. A rich vegetables carrots, swiss
    chard, butternut etc.
  • Biofortification
  • Training in 6 provinces E. Cape, Free State,
    Limpopo, Gauteng and Mpumalanga 200 school
    garden projects

13
CULTIVATION OF GRAPES
  • Establishment of vineyard
  • Low cost soil preparation
  • Planting of cuttings from vines known for mass
    grape production
  • Production of Villard blanc 39 tons per Hectare
  • Eksteenskuil producers

14
COMPETITIVENESS MARKET ACCESS
  • 45 SA drief fruit industry depends on nectarines
  • New nectarine cultivars
  • Yellow skin world first
  • Plant Breeders Rights
  • Red/yellow skin good for poor handling and
    storage environments
  • Fruit dont lose firmness as rapidly easier to
    harvest and market over a longer time

15
BIOCONTROL
  • Mango scale is a major pest.
  • In 1996 a parasitoid was imported from Thailand,
    mass-reared at the ARC in Nelspruit, released in
    many mango producing areas of Mpumalanga and
    Limpopo for the biological control of mango
    scale.
  • In 2006, another major survey was conducted in
    most mango producing areas ranging from Mussina
    in the north of Limpopo to Port Edward in the
    south of KZN to determine the current status of
    the imported biocontrol agent. The parasitoid was
    recovered from all sites, even in areas such as
    Tshipise and Thohoyandou in Limpopo and the
    entire KwaZulu/Natal, where it had never been
    released.
  • This confirms the successful establishment and
    remarkable distribution of the parasitoid in all
    mango producing areas in South Africa.
  • Impact of biological control enables most mango
    producers to rely on natural control, using an
    estimated 40 less toxic insecticides.

16
ANIMAL PRODUCTION
  • PUTUVELD model GIS prediction for production
    potential and climate risk for grasslands
  • Production traits for Dairy Cattle 1000 Farmers
    benefitted.
  • Breeding index for feedlot profitability
    completed, used in 9 provinces and reached /-
    1000 farmers.
  • Established rangeland monitoring programme with
    DoA.
  • Technology to control and manage build up of
    lactic acid in ruminants feedlot animal can eat
    more and produce more milk, improved weight gains
    etc.
  • LidcatTM technology for positive identification
    of livestock stock theft deterrent
  • Performance tests on livestock owned by communal
    farmers raised market prices of beef animals
    from black farmers

17
ANIMAL DISEASES
  • Developed and validated a test for detection of
    infection of cattle with Brucella abortus
    Brucella Rapid Test (BRT)
  • Easy to use and interpret
  • Combined with vaccination strategy to protect
    uninfected female animals
  • Developed an improved test for Rift Valley Fever
    that uses a recombinant protein instead of the
    whole virus. Currently validating the test and
    will commercialize if successful.
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) surveillance is
    ongoing and in the affected province of the
    Eastern Cape, in excess of 12,998 samples have
    been tested.
  • Ongoing surveillance of transboundary animal
    disease (e.g. Foot and Mouth African swine
    fever).
  • Training on serological diagnosis of avian
    influenza to enhance SADC country participants
    abilities for surveillance of AI.
  • Continued the Pesticide Residue Monitoring
    programme

18
The Public Support Services Division
  • Poor farming practices bad crop rotation
    resulted in accumulation of soil borne plant
    pathogens impact has been diminishing crop
    yields among commercial and small scale farmers
    in KZN.
  • Early warning forecast of locust outbreak
    information to DoA through the ICOSAMP
    (Information Core for Southern African Migrant
    Pests) ARC coordinates and releases to SADC
    Countries.
  • Herbicide trials on pompom weed indicate a
    growing alien invasive, particularly in Gauteng.
  • Identified 5 potential biological control agents
    for an emerging weed (balloon vine) during a
    field survey in Argentina.
  • Identified plant feeding mites on imported fruit
    tree cuttings with pest species not present in
    RSA. Prevented inadvertent importation of new
    alien invasive species and potential pests.
  • Developed land suitability maps for 6 biofuel
    crops (sunflower, soya bean, maize, grain
    sorghum, sugar cane and sugar beet).

19
The Public Support Services Division (cont.)
  • Utilized coarse resolution satellite imagery
    (used for drought monitoring and crop estimation)
    to develop products from data retrieved from the
    geostationary MSG (Meteosat Second Generation)
    satellite.
  • National asset register comprised of a collection
    of over 13 000 maps land suitability
  • The National Collections of insects, arachnids,
    nematodes and fungi of the ARC are among the most
    important and comprehensive biological and
    taxonomic reference resources of their kind in
    Africa.
  • Spiders as biological control agents

20
PARTNERSHIPS RESEARCH
  • In Partnership with the International Centre for
    Development Oriented Research in Agriculture
    (ICRA), ARC has conducted 16 field studies with
    provinces on various priority research issues
    identified by provinces. The aim of the studies
    was (i) to enhance inter-disciplinary teamwork
    among researchers, (ii) link research and
    extension in responding to farmer's priorities,
    (iii) empower farmers to identify and elaborate
    on their research needs and enable farmers to
    contribute their own knowledge into the research
    agenda, and (iv) provide insight for researchers
    to design responsive interventions.

Participatory Research with Farmers
21
INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS
  • Commercialisation of Indigenous plants
  • Devils Claw Project Two hundred
  • farmers (200) are participating in the
  • production and processing of Devils Claw
  • indigenous medical plant in Ganyesa, North
  • West Province in partnership with NW
  • Department of Agriculture, Bophirima
  • Municipality, and Traditional Leaders. ARC
  • Skills transferred to farmers include artificial
  • propagation, grading weighing, packaging ,as
  • well as business management and marketing
  • of the processed product. Commercialisation of
  • This ARC Research Product resulted in the
  • creation of a Public Company owned and
  • operated by beneficiaries Sekamo
  • Pharmaceuticals cc for Devils Claw.

Devils claw spiny fruit showcasing claw-like
structures
22
BIOFUELS/SMME DEVELOPMENT
  • Oil Seed Crop Production for
  • Biofuels
  • Oil Seed Crop Farmers In partnership with
    Limpopo Department of Agriculture, 35 farmers in
    Limpopo, were trained on production technologies,
    business skills and activities that will enable
    them to become sustainable SMMEs linked to
    Biodiesel Production for the Biofuels industry.

Farmers participating in practical soil
preparations at the Farmer Development Centre
in Tompi Seleka
23
Human Resources Overview
  • The ARC Invested 3 of our labour cost (including
    statutory skills-levy contributions) in human
    resource development. A large portion of this
    was invested in the Professional Development
    Programme and the ARC Transformational Capacity
    Building Programme on the formal and informal
    training of core staff. The bulk of the budget
    went to skills development to support employment
    equity.
  • The Professional Development Programme had 60
    candidates, 26 males and 34 females. Of the 60
    candidates, two completed their PhD studies and
    eight completed MSc degrees.
  • Continued with the capacity building programme
    which was launched in April 2005. The purpose of
    the programme is to create a pool of young
    scientists from the previously disadvantaged
    groups. During the period under review the
    programme had 126 candidates.

24
QUALITY OF SCIENTIFIC CAPACITY
Qualifications of Staff Number of Total Staff (2698) Research Staff (923)
Research staff with PhD degrees 170 6.30 18.40
Research staff with masters degree 260 9.60 28.20
Professional Engineers Veterinarians 20 0.70 2.20
Staff enrolled for Masters/PhD degrees 118 4.40 12.80
Staff enrolled for Engineering/Veterinary degrees 4 0.10 0.40
Total Staff 2,698
25
DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC CAPACITY
Study Programme Male Female Total
PhD 12 3 15
MSc 32 35 67
BSc (Hons) 4 10 14
BTech 7 10 17
BAgric 2 3 5
NDipl 1 5 6
Adv Dipl 1 1 2
TOTAL 59 67 126
26
MANAGING OUR FINANCES
27
AUDITOR GENERALS REPORT AUDIT COMMITTEE
REPORT FOR 2005/06
28
AUDIT QUALIFICATION
  • Non-compliance with IAS 16 Property,
  • Plant and Equipment
  • -The useful lives and residual values of
    property, plan
  • and equipment were not reviewed in the current
    period
  • as required by IAS16 Property, Plant and
    Equipment
  • Existence of Accounts Receivable
  • The receivables balance includes an amount of
    R49,7 million which the entity claims is due to
    it in respect of VAT on the Parliamentary grant
    that is recoverable from the transferring agent.
    At the date of this report, the entity had not
    received any confirmation from the transferring
    agent in respect of the acceptance of this
    liability.

29
AUDIT EMPHASIS OF MATTER
  • Auditor-General raised Emphasis of matter items
  • Weaknesses in internal control
  • Implementation of Supply Chain Management
  • Changes to financial statements
  • Performance information
  • WHATS THE OUTCOME FOR 2006/07?

30
Matters emphasised in the Auditor-General report 1999 - 2000 2000 - 2001 2001 - 2002 2002 - 2003 2003 - 2004 2004 - 2005 2005 - 2006 2006 - 2007
Legislative compliance x x  - x x x - -
Forensic investigations x  - -  - - -  -  - 
Internal control x x x -  - x x -
Provision for post-retirement medical aid benefits x x  - - - - - -
Pension fund contributions x  - - - - - - -
Transfer of land and buildings from the state x x  - - - - - -
Going concern x x x -  - - - -
Depreciation and impairment of land and buildings  - x   -  - - x -
Performance information  - -  x x x - x -
Implementation of SCM - - - - - - x  - 
Changes to financial statements - - - - - - x  -
Financial statements - unqualified opinion yes yes yes yes yes yes no yes
31
Summary of Financial performance for nine years
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
NINE YEAR REVIEW NINE YEAR REVIEW NINE YEAR REVIEW NINE YEAR REVIEW NINE YEAR REVIEW NINE YEAR REVIEW NINE YEAR REVIEW NINE YEAR REVIEW NINE YEAR REVIEW NINE YEAR REVIEW
  2006/07 2005/06 2004/05 2003/04 2002/03 2001/02 2000/01 1999/00 1998/9
  R '000 R '000 R '000 R '000 R '000 R '000 R '000 R '000 R '000
INCOME STATEMENT INCOME STATEMENT INCOME STATEMENT INCOME STATEMENT INCOME STATEMENT INCOME STATEMENT INCOME STATEMENT INCOME STATEMENT INCOME STATEMENT INCOME STATEMENT
Parliamentary Grant 434,175 457,186 320,708 276,140 267,552 267,683 276,278 274,519 286,410
External Income 259,798 196,966 224,514 212,252 239,513 261,036 167,915 157,909 129,716
Total Expenditure 697,259 652,931 552,177 495,984 473,672 496,521 450,333 440,692 474,862
Total Remuneration Cost 415,974 395,965 315,853 284,228 263,630 289,804 284,589 285,397 295,300
Other Expenditure 281,285 261,089 236,324 211,756 210,042 266,556 165,744 155,295 179,562
Investment Income 11,693 11,183 12,761 13,955 9,568 6,293 6,173 8,311 13,823
Net Surplus\(Deficit) 8,955 12,910 6,069 6,363 36,893 (21,347) 33 47 (44,913)
                   
BALANCE SHEET BALANCE SHEET BALANCE SHEET BALANCE SHEET BALANCE SHEET BALANCE SHEET BALANCE SHEET BALANCE SHEET BALANCE SHEET BALANCE SHEET
Property, plant and equipment 521,596 396,961 380,999 375,683 385,441 395,214 544,452 545,236 547,572
Other Assets 2,231 1,236 850 845 183 188 185 131 96
Current assets (excluding cash) 79,629 128,735 73,394 67,475 75,407 65,857 66,264 47,130 35,848
Cash resources (net of bank overdraft) 96,656 152,823 152,412 102,679 80,512 65,541 20,157 25,683 57,650
Total Assets 700,112 679,755 607,655 546,682 541,543 526,800 631,058 618,180 641,166
32
SEVEN YEAR REVIEW GRAPH
33
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34
NEW DIRECTION
  • Scientific capacity excellence
  • Broadening diversity skills base
  • Improving internal systems (HR, Financial risk
    management policies)
  • Communicating research outputs visibility,
    relations with user groups
  • Organizational structure performance
  • Competitiveness for research funds
  • Collaboration adjunct posts, students
  • Capital Expenditure infrastructure

35
CONCLUSION
  • The year under review has been one of many
    changes in the ARC, particularly in leadership.
  • Responding to compliance requirements has brought
    challenges on Human Resource Management and the
    need for new policies and systems.
  • Improvements in performance continue at the
    forefront of the ARC researchers and other
    personnel.
  • The Council and employees of the ARC wish to
    thank the Honourable Minister, Ms. Lulu Xingwana
    for her leadership and support.
  • We also thank the support and leadership of the
    Agriculture and Land Affairs Portfolio Committee.
  • THANK YOU!
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