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Workplace Health and Safety

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Title: Workplace Health and Safety


1
Workplace Health and Safety Induction / Update
Package
2
Queensland WHS Legislation
  • WHS Act 2011
  • WHS Regulation 2011
  • Codes of Practice
  • The Diocesan Catholic Education Office is
    committed to providing a safe working and
    learning environment for all employees and
    students.

3
Objective of the WHS Act 2011
The purpose of the Work Health and Safety Act
(2011) is to provide a framework to protect the
health, safety and welfare of all workers at work
and of all other people who might be affected by
that work. Reference s3 WHS Act 2011
4
Employer Obligations Primary Duty of Care
Primary duty of care (1) A person conducting a
business or undertaking must ensure, so far as is
reasonably practicable, the health and safety
of (a) workers engaged, or caused to be engaged
by the person and (b) workers whose activities
in carrying out work are influenced or directed
by the person while the workers are at work in
the business or undertaking. (2) A person
conducting a business or undertaking must
ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that
the health and safety of other persons is not put
at risk from work carried out as part of the
conduct of the business or undertaking. Reference
s19 of WHS ACT 2011
5
Duties of Workers
28 Duties of workers While at work, a worker
must (a) take reasonable care for his or her own
health and safety and (b) take reasonable care
that his or her acts or omissions do not
adversely affect the health and safety of
other persons and (c) comply, so far as the
worker is reasonably able, with any reasonable
instruction that is given by the
person conducting the business or undertaking to
allow the person to comply with this Act and (d)
co-operate with any reasonable policy or
procedure of the person conducting the business
or undertaking relating to health or safety at
the workplace that has been notified to
workers. Reference s28 WHS Act 2011
6
WHS Consultation/Personnel
  • School Workplace Health and Safety Advisors
    (appointed in
  • schools with more than 150 students)
  • Appointed by employer
  • Provide advice on WHS
  • Carry out inspections,
  • Facilitate education programs for staff
  • Investigate workplace incidents
  • Workplace Health and Safety Representatives
    (optional)
  • Elected by staff
  • Carry out inspections
  • Review the circumstances of workplace incidents
  • School Workplace Health and Safety Committees
    (optional)
  • Meet once a term
  • Discuss and address WHS issues
  • If no committee required to cover WHS in staff
    meetings.

7
Incident Reporting Procedures
  • Reporting Incident and Accidents
  • Complete a Catholic Education Employee Incident
    report form and investigation for all incidents
    i.e. near miss, first aid, sprain and strain
    injury
  • Incident forms can be found on the MySuite WHS
    class page or ask the school administration staff
    for one.

8
Incident notification form and incident
investigation form
  • Staff must report all incidents to the
    Principal/WHSO within 24 hours.
  • WHS Queensland must be notified of any
    notifiable event as soon as possible after the
    incident (the employer will notify).
  • An investigation must be conducted within 72
    hours of the incident.

9
Every Day Risk Management
  • 5 step risk management process
  • Identify hazards
  • Assess risks that may result because
  • of the hazards
  • Decide on appropriate control
  • measures
  • Implement control measures
  • Monitor and review control measures
  • Reference s 27A WHS Act 1995

10
What is a Hazard ?
  • A hazard is anything with the potential to cause
    injury or disease
  • Electrical hazards
  • Slippery or uneven surfaces
  • Manual handling
  • Unguarded machinery
  • Hazardous substances
  • Microbiological matter
  • Noise
  • Lighting
  • Cords across walkways

11
Risk What is risk ?
  • Risk is the likelihood of any hazard
  • resulting in an injury and disease
  • Hazards and risks are different

12
Hazard Report Forms
  • Hazard report forms are available on the MySuite
    WHS class page or can be obtained from the school
    WHSA or Principal.

13
What is Risk Assessment ?
A risk assessment is a systematic approach to
identifying the likelihood of an event occurring
and identifying the possible consequences.
Reference Australian Standard 4360
14
Likelihood
  • A Almost certain - to occur in most
    circumstances
  • B Likely - to occur frequently
  • C Possible - likely to occur at some time
  • D Unlikely - to occur but could happen
  • E Rare - may occur in rare and exceptional
    circumstances

15
Consequence Consequence Consequence Consequence Consequence
1. Insignificant First Aid Treatment Only 2. Minor Medical Treatment provided by medical professional 3. Medium Admitted to Hospital 4. Major Extensive Permanent Injury Extended stay in hospital 5. Catastrophic Death
16
RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX
Likelihood Likelihood Consequences Consequences Consequences Consequences Consequences
1. Insignificant First Aid Treatment Only 2. Minor Medical Treatment provided by medical professional. . 3. Medium Admitted to Hospital. 4. Major Extensive permanent Injury. Extended hospitalisation 5. Catastrophic Death
A Almost certain Medium (M) High (H) High (H) Extreme (X) Extreme (X)
B Likely Medium (M) Medium (M) High (H) High (H) Extreme (X)
C Possible Low (L) Medium (M) High (H) High (H) High (H)
D Unlikely Low (L) Low (L) Medium (M) Medium (M) High (H)
E Rare Low (L) Low (L) Medium Medium (M) High (H)
17
When to Complete a Formal Risk Assessment
  • When you have concerns about a particular
    activity or practice
  • When a change occurs (new procedures or plant or
    equipment)
  • Before the use of a new hazardous substance
  • After an incident or near miss
  • At regular times appropriate to the level of risk
    at your workplace
  • School excursions

18
Implementing Control Measures
  • Elimination
  • Completely removes the hazard, or risk of
    exposure to the hazard
  • Substitution
  • Involves substituting unacceptable machinery,
    work processes or practices with less hazardous
    machinery, work processes, or practices
  • Engineering
  • Engineering controls may include modification of
    tools and equipment, using enclosures, guarding,
    local exhaust ventilation.
  • Administrative Control
  • Administrative controls includes routines such as
    induction in safe work practices
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE) should only
    be used where other measures are not practicable.

19
Monitor
The process needs to be monitored and reviewed to
ensure that all implemented controls are working
and not producing any new hazards and
issues. This can be determined by consulting
with the principal or members of the leadership
team, WHSO, staff members and monitoring any
incident reports.
and Review
Set date to review the entire workplace health
and safety risk management process to ensure
controls are working and there are no other
workplace health and safety issues.
20
What is Rehabilitation?
  • Rehabilitation of an employee is a
  • process designed to ensure the
  • employees earliest possible return
  • to work or to maximize the
  • employees independent functioning.

21
Rehabilitation Procedures
  • Catholic Education has a Q-Comp approved
  • Rehabilitation Policy and procedures that
  • cover Schools, Colleges, OSHC programs,
  • Office and Long Day Care Centre.
  • The Rockhampton Diocese
  • Rehabilitation/Return to Work Co-ordinator
  • is Mark Byrne

22
Employee Obligations
  • An employee has a legal obligation to participate
    in Rehabilitation
  • Employer must provide suitable duties where
    possible
  • The employee must satisfactorily participate in
    rehabilitation as soon as practicable after the
    injury is sustained and for the period for which
    they are entitled to compensation

23
Suitable Duties Program
  • The injured employee must participate in suitable
    duties.
  • Suitable duties must be consistent with current
    medical information, or approved by the treating
    Doctor.
  • Suitable duties must be meaningful and have
    regard to the objectives of the employees
    rehabilitation.
  • Suitable duties should be agreed following
    consultation between employee, employer,
    WorkCover case manager and treating medical
    practitioner.

24
Return to Work
  • The injured employee must be
  • cleared to return to work by
  • their treating doctor (clearance
  • certificate)

25
Immunisation recommendations
  • Vaccine-preventable diseases can
  • Cause serious illness and death
  • Cause foetal infection and adverse pregnancy
    outcomes (eg influenza, rubella, varicella,
    measles, mumps and Q fever)
  • Spread from infected workers to vulnerable others
    (eg influenza, rubella, measles, varicella,
    pertussis)

26
Immunisation recommendations
  • Those who work with children including
  • Childcare and preschool staff (including
    childcare students)
  • School teachers (including teacher aides)

27
Immunisation Recommendations
  • Pertussis (whooping cough)
  • Adult booster
  • Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)
  • 2 doses of MMR if born during or since 1966
  • Varicella (chickenpox) (if not previously
    infected with chickenpox)

28
Risk Management Hazardous Substances
  • If provided with a Material Safety Data Sheet
    (MSDS) read it and follow all directions re
    storage and use.
  • Do not introduce new chemicals to the school
    without checking with the WHSA.
  • Check expiry dates
  • Keep chemicals locked away from students unless
    used under supervision.
  • All hazardous substances must be only decanted
    into the correct container with the correct
    manufacturers label on it

29
Common Electrical Hazards
  • Damaged cords and/or plugs.
  • Do not use!
  • Avoid using piggyback plugs.
  • Dont stack plugs. It can
  • overload the power point and
  • cause a fire.

30
Electrical Danger
  • If you find a piece of faulty electrical
  • equipment
  • Isolate the piece of equipment by a Danger Out of
    Service Tag to prevent any further use
  • Alert the principal and/or WHSO immediately to
    contact an electrician to arrange repair.

31
Slips, Trips and Falls
  • Examples of identifiable hazards that cause slip,
    trip and falls
  • Hose across paths
  • Loose mats
  • Wet floors
  • Vacuum chords across doorways
  • Control Measures
  • Non-slip footwear
  • Observe wet floor signs
  • Use 3 points of contact when traversing up
  • and down stairs e.g. hang onto the hand
    railing

32
Standard Precautions
  • Standard precautions are work practices
  • that assume that all blood and body
  • fluids are potentially infectious
  • Examples include
  • Hand washing.
  • Use of personal protective equipment i.e. gloves,
    mask, goggles.
  • Appropriate handling and disposal of sharps and
    other infectious waste.
  • Appropriate cleaning and disinfection of the
    contaminated items.

33
Laptops
  • All the same principles apply as with regular
    computer use The desk and laptop should be
    adjusted so the person can adopt a neutral
    posture.
  • Ankles, knees, hips and elbows at about 900
    angles and hands in alignment with wrists.
  • Sit about arms length from the screen (depending
    on individual eye conditions etc).
  • Keying and holding the mouse should be light and
    hands and arms rested when not keying.
  • Take regular breaks to rest both your eyes and
    your muscles stand and walk to the printer,
    change posture to perform other task such as
    reading.

34
Laptops
Organisational Health Unit - August 2007
35
Manual Tasks
  • Manual tasks are those
  • workplace activities requiring
  • the use of force exerted by a
  • person to grasp, manipulate,
  • strike, throw, carry, move (lift,
  • lower, push, pull), hold or
  • restrain an object, load or body
  • part.

36
Manual Handling
  • The 7 Steps of Manual Handling
  • Make sure path of travel is clear
  • Size up the load
  • Feet close to object, balanced position
  • Bend knees in semi squat position
  • Good handhold
  • Lift the load keeping it close to your body
  • Keep natural curves of spine
  • Use leg muscles to lift and allow it to rest in
    fully extended arms
  • Lift smoothly and rhythmically
  • Avoid jerky movements
  • Move feet in direction of travel without twisting
    at the hips or shoulders
  • Lower load properly (bend knees in a semi-squat
    position)

37
Blue Cards Commission for Children, Young People
and Child Guardian (CCYPCG)
  • Teaching staff
  • Not required as QCT registration is sufficient.
  • Non-teaching staff
  • Must apply for a Blue Card suitability notice
  • ust be issued with or applied for a Blue Card
    before commencement of employment
  • Cost of application is at employees expense
  • A Blue Card register is maintained at the school
    and DCEO for all non-teaching staff
  • CCYPCG will notify the individual when the card
    is close to expiry. Responsibility of the
    individual to reapply

38
Construction Cards
  • Different to CCYPG Blue Cards
  • Required by staff involved in
  • construction work. This may include
  • maintenance personnel/grounds
  • person if their role requires some
  • construction work

39
Asbestos Awareness Training
Chrysotile
Amosite
Crocidolite
40
Asbestos Management Plan
The purpose of this training is to outline the
Catholic Education Asbestos Management Plan and
specific control measures that are being
implementing in relation to Catholic Education
Schools/Colleges in relation to Asbestos
Management
41
Health Effects of Asbestos
Asbestosis is a chronic lung disease that can
lead to respiratory impairment and to diseases
such as lung cancer Mesothelioma is a cancer in
two forms - pleural which is a tumour of the
lung and peritoneal, which is a cancer of the
abdominal cavity Lung cancer caused by asbestos
cannot be distinguished from those cancers that
are caused by other agents such as tobacco smoke
42
Asbestos Containing Materials
Bonded asbestos-containing material (bonded
asbestos) contains a bonding compound reinforced
with asbestos fibres Friable asbestos-containing
material (friable asbestos) is un-bonded
asbestos-containing material that, when dry, is
or may become crumbled, pulverised or reduced to
powder by hand pressure
43
Examples of Bonded Asbestos Products
  • profiled sheets used on roofs and walls and flat
    sheets in flashings
  • imitation brick cladding
  • roof shingles
  • water or flue pipes
  • plaster patching compounds
  • textured paint
  • vinyl floor tiles
  • friction products such as brake shoes, disc
    pads, clutch housings or elevator brakes

44
Friable Asbestos
  • Friable asbestos is easily crumbled or reduced to
    powder by hand.
  • Common forms of friable asbestos materials
    include
  • sprayed on fireproofing
  • soundproofing
  • thermal insulation
  • acoustic plaster soundproofing
  • thermal insulation (not sprayed on).

45
Asbestos Management Plan and Asbestos Register
A copy of the Asbestos Management Plan is located
on the WHS Class page on mysuite. Copies of the
Asbestos Register can be found at reception of
School/Colleges near the contractors sign in book
for easy access and referral to by staff members
and contractors
46
Employees/Visitors Role/Responsibilities
  • Comply with the Asbestos Management Plan
  • Not to impact (i.e. drilling grinding sanding,
    etc)
  • on an asbestos containing material.
  • Check the register before impacting on an
    materials.
  • Report any asbestos related concerns to the
  • Principal of school/secondary college for
  • further action

47
Contractor Role/Responsibilities
  • Refer to Asbestos Management Plan and
  • Asbestos Register before commencing work in
  • a work area with asbestos containing materials
  • Attend Induction
  • Not to impact (i.e. drilling grinding sanding,
    etc
  • on an asbestos containing without complying
  • with the Asbestos Management Plan in relation
  • to the formation of risk assessment, work
  • method statements and relevant National Codes of
  • Practice

48
Conclusion
  • If you have any questions regarding WHS then
    please contact the Principal or WHSA or Diocesan
    WHS Coordinator
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