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Ancient Rome

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Ancient Rome Roman Republic 509 B ... aristocrats who advised the consuls and controlled the money Republican Government Two assemblies included other classes of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Rome


1
Ancient Rome
2
Roman Republic
  • 509 B.C. Rome develops a government called a
    republic
  • Indirect democracy citizens elect leaders who
    make government decisions
  • Only free-born males can vote

3
Roman Republic
  • Two groups competed for power
  • Patricians rich landowners who held most of the
    power
  • Plebeians common farmers, artisans, and
    merchants. They forced the patricians to give
    them more power

4
Republican Government
  • Separate branches of government
  • Two consuls commanded the army and led the govt
  • Roman Senate aristocrats who advised the consuls
    and controlled the money

5
Republican Government
  • Two assemblies included other classes of people
  • In times of crisis, a dictator was appointed for
    a 6 month term
  • Expansion creates problems for the Roman republic

6
Republican Government
  • Rome ends democracy and becomes an empire under
    Augustus in 27 B.C.

7
Roman Law
  • Romes legal principles influence the growth of
    democracy throughout the Western world
  • Rome establishes a written legal code

8
Written Legal Code
  • Twelve Tablets (451 B.C.) assured citizens
    protection under the law
  • Justinians Code (528 A.D.) compiled all laws
    made since the earlier code

9
Written Legal Code
  • Written laws establish the idea of a government
    of laws, not of men (Aristotle)
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