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Dictionary Skills

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Dictionary Skills Members: 1. Goh Teck ... sports, biographical, rhyming, medical, picture Let s take a closer look! ... Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dictionary Skills


1
Dictionary Skills
  • Members
  • 1. Goh Teck Song
  • 2. Lee Yu Wei
  • 3. Suhaily Binti Ramlan
  • 4. Raja Nor Wafiah Binti Raja Abdullah

2
A dictionary is
a reference book containing words, usually
alphabetically arranged along with information
about their forms, pronunciations, functions, and
meanings.
a reference book listing terms or names important
to a particular subject along with a discussion
of their meanings. A sample sentence is often
included.
3
Dictionaries guidebooks They tell how words are
used by people. It is a reference book. It gives
information about words. Dictionaries have new
words like Internet, login, and website and
old-fashioned words like steed which means
horse. Some dictionaries have special purposes
like a medical or a sports dictionary. Dictionarie
s are arranged alphabetically.
4
Types of Dictionaries
Unabridged Not shorten complete a large,
extensive dictionary that is not based on a
larger edition. The unabridged English
dictionaries attempt to contain all words in the
English language. Abridged to abbreviate to
lessen in length to shorten by using fewer words
but keeping the main contents. An abridged
dictionary contains words in common use.
Kinds of Dictionaries science,
geographical, law, sports, biographical, rhyming,
medical, picture
Lets take a closer look!
5
How to use a dictionary
  • Step 1
  • Know the alphabet very well and know where the
    letters
  • Example A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S U
    V W X Y Z

6
Step 2
  • Think of the word to look up. 
  • Then open the dictionary to as close to the first
    letter or two of the word as possible. 
  • Then either turn back or forward to find the word.

7
Step 3
  • To help the search, dictionaries have guide words
    to help.  Guide words are at the top of each
    page. 
  • The first guide word is the first word on a page,
    and the second guide word at the top of the page
    is the last word on the page. 
  • Using the guidewords, you should find the word
    you a looking for easily.  It will be between the
    words.

8
An up close look at a dictionary ENTRY
guide words
entry
liberate lifelong
Phonetic symbols
Part of speech
  • (lye-brer-ee) noun
  • A place where books, magazines, newspaper, tapes
    and videos are kept for reading or borrowing.

li-brar-y
We have a great reference section in our library.
noun, plural libraries, noun, librarian
illustration
sample sentence/phrase
The numbers show the many definitions a word may
have.
9
(No Transcript)
10
Dictionary Skills
  • Definitions
  • Many words have several meaning and most
    dictionaries list the oldest meaning first.
  • The first symbol in this part of the entry is
    n .
  • The first definition shows how the word is used
    to name a person, place or thing (noun)
  • For example

11
Dictionary Skills
  • Additional Information In the Dictionary
  • A lots of information in each entry, but also
    contain extra information in sections at the
    beginning or the end.
  • At the front, there is an essay and a guide
    designed to help users understand the various
    kinds of information listed after each headword.
  • At the end of the dictionary, there some extra
    sections or appendices.
  • List of abbreviation and phonetic symbol written
    in the cover page.

12
Dictionary Skills
  • The Meaning of the Entry Word
  • Look at the meaning of the word.
  • CARPENTER
  • A worker who builds or repairs wooden structures
    or their structural parts
  • Word appears a second time discover the
    abbreviation vb indicating that this word is to
    be used as a verb.
  • Simply insert the entry word where you see the
    swung dash ()
  • tered
  • He has carpentered for six years

13
Dictionary Skills
  • Synonyms
  • some dictionary entries also provide a list of
    synonyms (syn), words with similar meanings.
  • The choice of synonyms is not as good as in a
    Thesaurus.
  • Using synonyms found in the dictionary can be
    helpful, not only for finding an alternate word,
    but also for increasing your understanding of a
    new word.

14
Dictionary Skills
  • Cross - references
  • Some dictionary entries contain cross-references.
  • Within the entry, you will find the word see,
    compare, or var of that directs you to
    another dictionary entry which will give you more
    information about the word you first looked up.

15
References
  • Anonymous. (2008). Retrieved 27 June, 2012 from
  • http//www.tlsbooks.com/dictionaryskillsreview
    .html
  • Anonymous. (1998). Dictionary Skills. Retrieved
    22 Jun, 2012
  • from http//www.nald.ca/library/learning/academ
    ic/english/
  • diction/module1.pdf.
  • Barry Scholes,A.( 2001) Collins Junior
    Dictionary Skills.
  • London, England Harper Collins Publisher Ltd
  • Wright, J.(1998). Dictionaries Resources Books
    for Teachers, Oxford
  • English. Oxford, United Kingdom Oxford
    University Press
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