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THE WORLD BANK: INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT and DISABILITY

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THE WORLD BANK: INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT and DISABILITY Millennium Development Goals: Inclusion of People with Disabilities Bratislava, Slovakia May 14 15, 2007 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE WORLD BANK: INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT and DISABILITY


1
THE WORLD BANK INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT and
DISABILITY
Millennium Development Goals Inclusion of
People with Disabilities Bratislava, Slovakia May
14 15, 2007 Panel Discussion MDGs the
challenges and opportunities May 15, 2007 915
1030
Sándor Sipos Sector Manager Social
Protection Labor (HDNSP) Human Development
Network (HDN)
2
Sizeable Disability Portfolio
  • From 2002-2006, 4 of all World Bank projects by
    number and 5 of new lending commitments were
    projects with a disability component (4.8 bn)
    and 6 of Economic and Sector Work.
  • In July 2004, 10 of projects in Europe Central
    Asia had a had a Disability Component

3
Implementing Inclusive Development
  • Through prevention, rehabilitation and inclusion
    with a complementary twin track approach
  • Economic disability MDGs
  • Legal Human Rights relevance for development
    and International Convention on the Rights of
    Persons with Disabilities (ICRPD) passed in
    December 2006 National Legislation

4
Human Rights and the World Bank
  • There should be a clear understanding that in
    certain cases and under certain circumstances,
    Human Rights generate actionable legal
    obligations. Such obligations may arise from
    international treaties, or from rights enshrined
    in national laws. Here the Banks role is to
    support its Members to fulfill those obligations
    where they relate to Bank projects and policies
  • Ana Palacio, Senior Vice President
  • World Bank Group General Counsel
  • 2006

5
World Bank Action Items
  • Mainstreaming Disability in WB Operations
  • Lending/Safeguards
  • Economic and Sector Work
  • Capacity Awareness and Training
  • Building Partnerships

6
Lending and Analytical Work
  • Poverty Reduction Strategy Programs
  • Investment Lending
  • Technical Assistance
  • Project Monitoring Evaluation / Results

7
Policy Lending and Dialogue
  • Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers
  • Making PRSPs Inclusive Handicap International
    and Cristoffel-Blindenmission (January 2006).
    Funded by Germany. Facilitated by World Bank,
    presented at December 2006 Berlin conference
  • Developmental Policy Lending Promoting Inclusive
    Policies
  • Legislation
  • Implementing Regulation
  • Specific Agreed Policy Measures

8
Safeguards at the World Bank
  • Mandatory Safeguard Reviews and Clearance apply
    to all Bank managed investment lending in ten
    priority areas disability is not one of the ten
  • Safeguards can pilot and mainstream process
    innovations, introduce universal design, prevent
    further disabilities
  • Safeguards cannot create a new disabilities
    policy, new projects or go beyond project
    framework
  • Most Relevant Safeguards/Entry Points
    Environmental Assessment, Involuntary
    Resettlement, Indigenous Peoples, Disclosure and
    Consultation

9
Alternative Approach to Safeguards Guidance
Support
  • Social Analysis and Disability Guidance Note
    Incorporating Disability-Inclusive Development
    into Bank-Supported Projects. By Social
    Development Department and HDNSP Disability
    Development (March 2007)
  • Incorporating Disability-Inclusive Development
    into Bank-Supported Projects
  • Operational Toolkit and Compendium of Country
    Access Laws
  • Making Inclusion Operational Legal and
    Institutional Resources for World Bank Staff on
    the Inclusion of Disability Issues in Investment
    Projects. Guernsey, K., Nicoli, M. and Ninio, A.
    (October 2006)
  • Good Analytical Work
  • SP Discussion Paper Measuring Disability
    Prevalence. Daniel Mont (March 2007)
  • Awareness Raising Capacity Building

10
Investment Project Cycle
11
Regional Projects with a Disability Component
  • India
  • Persons with Disabilities in India From
    Commitments to Outcomes.
  • This was a flagship country report on disability,
    covering major dimensions of the socio-economic
    situation of PWD in India, and possible policy
    responses. It addresses the living standards
    profile, education of children with disabilities,
    health needs, social security, employment for
    people with disabilities, institutions and
    policies, accessibility and prevention.

12
Regional Projects with a Disability Component
  • India
  • Andhra Pradesh Rural Poverty Reduction Program
  • Targeted 560 disadvantaged mandals in 16
    districts based on human, economic, and
    infrastructural development indicators. The
    disabled were then specifically selected, and the
    targeting was facilitated by NGOs/DPOs and
    disability Self Help Groups.
  • Interventions providing surgical corrections and
    assistive devices, family support programs,
    training para-professionals in community based
    rehabilitation (CBR), reviving defunct
    rehabilitation centers and establishing
    bridge residential schools for disabled children,
    micro credit loans, small enterprise development,
    and vocational training

13
Regional Projects with a Disability Component
  • Pakistan
  • - Earthquake Disability Project 5 million grant
    from IBRD surplus to support community-based
    rehabilitation through NGO contracts
  • - Two JSDF grants 1.6 million for Handicap
    International and Milestone (national DPO),
    establishing resource and information centers for
    community based rehabilitation and independent
    living, respectively.
  • - Pakistan Development Marketplace on disability
    financed 23 DPOs, a second one will take place in
    May 2007
  • - Establishment of a Trust for the Disabled, a
    partnership between the Bank and Private Sector
    organizations for further funding of grants to
    Disability Organizations

14
Regional Projects with a Disability Component
  • Pakistan
  • - Punjab Education DPC ongoing dialogue
  • - TA to the Pakistan Census Organization which
    resulted in changing how disability will be
    measured
  • Small Grants Program annually since 2002 has
    funded over 17 grants on disability issues
  • Bangladesh
  • - Formally requested a project on Disability and
    Vulnerable Youth to be prepared over the next
    year

15
Regional Projects with a Disability Component
  • Africa Multi-Country Demobilization
    Reintegration Program
  • Multi-agency effort that supports the
    demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants
    in the greater Great Lakes region of Central
    Africa.
  • Provides assistance for medical rehabilitation
    based on the type and degree of disability.
  • Services typically include the provision of
    physical rehabilitation assistance (prosthesis
    and orthesis), counseling, vocational training
    and/or support for micro-enterprise activities
  • Aims to reinforce key medical facilities
  • Provide systematic prosthetic and physiotherapy
    services, including maintenance of prosthetic
    devices.

16
Regional Projects with a Disability Component
  • Romania
  • Pension Reforms Support A component of the
    Social Sector Development Project supports the
    rehabilitation of the disabled by strengthening
    the capacity of the National Institute for
    Medical Expertise and Work Capacity Recovery. It
    is also bolstering the local medical expertise
    offices of the National House of Pensions and
    Other Social Insurances Rights (CNPAS) (50
    million, of which 6.32 million targets the
    disabled)
  • Social Inclusion Project Assist governmental
    implementation of Joint Inclusion Memorandum
    through assistance given to the existing or
    emerging programs that address the needs of the
    vulnerable and/or disadvantaged groups of Roma,
    People with Disabilities, youth at risk and
    victims of domestic violence

17
Regional Projects with a Disability Component
  • Vietnam
  • Primary Education for Disadvantaged Children
    Project
  • Combined project funds of US 243 million for
    technical support to improve administrative
    planning and management enhanced delivery of
    acceptable quality education linkages to
    communities
  • National level child development report and
    policy on inclusive education and accessible
    schools
  • introduce disability questions on census
  • HIV/AIDS project run by young people with
    disabilities received support from the Bank. This
    project is a fully mainstreamed project with
    young people with disabilities raising awareness

18
Regional Projects with a Disability Component
  • Cambodia, Indonesia, Mongolia and Vietnam
  • Building administrative capacity and develop an
    inclusive Educational Management Information
    Systems (EMIS)
  • Thailand
  • JSDF post Tsunami reconstruction work
  • Philippines
  • Social Expenditure Management Project component
    of social assistance for disadvantaged groups
    (US25m)
  • Development Marketplace (DM) support for access
    to justice for the Deaf Several other DM
    competitions to distributed grants to various
    stakeholders working on independent living.

19
Regional Projects with a Disability Component
  • Egypt
  • Social Protection Initiative Project - Disability
    Component
  • Develop and test integrated programs for children
    with disabilities and youth at risk through a
    range of providers, and to use the experience of
    these programs to develop a new strategy for
    improving services.
  • Main Results
  • Exposure to new inclusive approaches
  • Awareness of issues for policy formulation

20
Regional Lessons Learned
  • Inclusive development is a multi-stakeholder
    responsibility
  • NGOs, made more effective as delivery of services
    to the vulnerable children, through a
    contracting rather than grant approach
  • Robust monitoring and evaluation (ME) system is
    essential for learning and accountability
  • A learning and innovation lending instrument
    (LIL) is effective to pilot and test initiatives,
    and to build consensus
  • Field-based management provides effective, quick
    response
  • Use range of providers to help develop a new
    strategy for improving services

21
Main Themes of Analytical Work
  • Disability Data Collection and Poverty Analysis
  • Inclusive Education
  • Access to Health Services
  • Access to Microfinance
  • Information and Communication Technologies
  • Social Protection Social Insurance and
    Assistance
  • Accessibility of Infrastructure
  • HIV/AIDS
  • International Convention on the Rights of Persons
    with Disabilities
  • Post-conflict
  • Natural Disasters
  • Employment

22
Awareness Raising and Training on Inclusion of
Disability
  • Cross-sectoral awareness raising and training
  • World Bank Management Operational Staff in
    Headquarters and Country Offices
  • Civil Society
  • Client Countries
  • Joint WHO-World Bank World Report on Disability,
    Rehabilitation and Inclusion (WRDRI- started in
    2006 to be launched in 2009)

23
Operational Toolkit and Compendium of Country
Access Laws
24
Building Partnerships
  • WB role facilitating and leveraging
  • Global Partnership for Disability and Development
    and the Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Disability and
    Development
  • Secured additional 350,000 in GDF financing for
    coordination for 2007-8 in April 2007
  • Washington City Group on Data
  • Development Grant Facility also to support
    workshops and testing
  • Direct collaboration
  • WHO-Bank World Report on Disability
    Rehabilitation and Inclusion
  • ILO on law and policies
  • OECD Disability Statistics on Education (planned)

25
Disability Structure at the WB
  • Human Development Network (HDN)
  • Social Protection Labor Sector (HDNSP)
  • Disability Development (DD) Team
  • Regional Counterparts
  • Regional Disability Working Group Coordinators
  • Network Counterparts
  • Legal, Infrastructure, Environmentally and
    Socially Sustainable Development, Information
    Solutions Group, Development Economics

26
Human Development Network Social Protection
(HDNSP) www.worldbank.org/sp
HDNSP
Disability Development (DD) www.worldbank.org/
disability
Global Partnership on Disability and Development
(GPDD) www.worldbank.org/disability/gpdd
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