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Islamic%20Civilization

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ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION Islamic cities had their own physical appearance Palace & mosques = most impressive buildings Fountains, public baths, bazaars – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Islamic%20Civilization


1
Islamic Civilization
  • Islamic cities had their own physical appearance
  • Palace mosques most impressive buildings
  • Fountains, public baths, bazaars

2
Bazaars
3
Islamic Society
  • Muslims live their lives in accordance with
    Allahs teachings revealed in the Quran
  • Islam claims that all people are equal in the
    eyes of Allah/ was not always the case in the
    Arab empire well defined upper class of ruling
    families wealthy merchants
  • Oppressive customs towards women are more
    connected with Arab practice than to the
    teachings of the Quran

4
  • ADVANCES IN LEARNING The synthesis of Eastern
    and Western ideas and of new thought with old,
    brought about great advances in medicine,
    mathematics, physics, astronomy, geography,
    architecture, art, literature, and history.

5
  • TRANSMISSION OF KNOWLEDGE Many crucial systems
    such as algebra, the Arabic numerals, and the
    concept of the zero, were transmitted to medieval
    Europe from Islam.

6
  • THE MUSLIM EMPIRE, stretching from Spain to
    India, was unified by a common language (Arabic),
    a common faith, and a common culture.
  • Government run by religious leaders

7
Islamic Achievements
  • Al-Mamuns House of Wisdom Baghdad, Arab
    scholars translated Greek works by Plato,
    Aristotle, etc./ Mathematics texts were included
  • Math created algebra passed on Indias
    numbering system known as Arabic in Europe
    used zero
  • Science perfected astrolabe-used by sailors to
    determine location by looking at position of
    planets stars

8
Arabic Achievements

9
Ibn-Rushd
10
Islamic Achievements
  • Literature Quran was main book/ Omar Khayyam
    wrote Rubaiyat/ Arabian Nights (1001 Nights)
    collection of folktales fables that were first
    told orally then written down over many years
  • Art/Architecture blends together Arabic,
    Turkish, Persian traditions

11


Ibn Sina
12
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17
  • SPREAD OF ISLAM Among the reasons for the rapid
    and peaceful spread of Islam was the simplicity
    of its doctrine. Islam calls for faith in only
    one God worthy of worship.
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