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1)The spring, blossom festivals flourish across Canada, especially in the Annapolis Valley of Nova Scotia and the Okanagan Valley in British Columbia. 2) Alberta s ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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1)The spring, blossom festivals flourish across
Canada, especially in the Annapolis Valley of
Nova Scotia and the Okanagan Valley in British
Columbia. 2) Albertas Calgary Exhibition and
Stampede in July is world-famous. 3) The Niagara
Falls. 4) Wine Festival and autumn-colour tours
in central Ontario and the Laurentian Mountains
of Quebec. 5) Natural state for use as
national, marine, and provincial parks, such as
the world-famous Jasper. 6) Banff national parks.
Tourism has become one of the leading industries
of Canada. In 1997 the country was visited by
some 45 million tourists, of whom about 90 per
cent came from the United States. Income from
tourism was about US7,980 million a year in
From Calgary to From Calgary to
Edmonton 3 hours
Banff 1.5 hours
Lake Louise 2 hours
Canmore 1 1/4 hours
Jasper 5 hours
Waterton 4 hours
Regina, SK 8.5 hours
Vancouver, BC 12 hours
From Edmonton to From Edmonton to
Calgary 3 hours
Jasper 4 hours
Banff 5 hours
Red Deer 1.5 hours
Fort McMurray 5 hours
From Banff to From Banff to
Lake Louise 40 min
Canmore 15 min
Columbia Ice Fields 2 hours
Jasper 3.5 hours
Panorama, BC 2 hours
Golden, BC 1.5 hours
Vancouver, BC 10 hours
From Jasper to From Jasper to
Hinton 1 hour
Lake Louise 2.5 hours
Banff 3.5 hours
Vancouver, BC 9 hours
For the most part, the historical points of
interest in Alberta commemorate the province's
early traders and settlers. Rocky Mountain House
National Historic Site, in Rocky Mountain House,
contains trading posts owned by the North West
Company and by its rival, the Hudson's Bay
Company. Other sites of note are Heritage Park in
Calgary, an area of preserved historic buildings
Fort Edmonton Park Fort Whoop-up, a reproduction
of the early fort, in Lethbridge and Fort
Macleod, a replica of Alberta's first North West
Mounted Police post established in 1874.
Jasper National Park, Alberta The Canadian
province of Alberta has five national parks, with
Banff and Jasper attracting more visitors than
all other Canadian national parks. Jasper is
located in the Rocky Mountains, just east of the
Continental Divide. Maligne Lake and Spirit
Island, above, are representative of the parks
alpine beauty.
  • Banff National Park, in south-western Alberta,
    Canada, formally established in 1885. Located on
    the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains, it is
    famous for its spectacular mountain scenery.
  • Banff National Park is Canada's oldest national
    park. It originally comprised an area 26 sq km
    (10 sq mi) in extent, around hot springs that had
    been discovered in 1883. Countering a plan for
    the purchase and commercial exploitation of these
    hot springs, the Canadian government declared the
    area a public land reserve. In 1887, the park was
    expanded to take in a total area of 6,640 sq km
    (2,564 sq mi).
  • As well as hot springs the park contains
    waterfalls, densely forested valleys, alpine
    meadows, glaciers, and many glacial lakes,
    including Lake Louise. The park's abundant
    wildlife includes puma, black and grizzly bears,
    elk, moose, bighorn sheep, and mountain goat.
    There are 20 camping sites and 1,300 km (over 800
    mi) of hiking routes and trails, which can be
    used for cross-country skiing in winter. Canoeing
    and water sports are also popular leisure
    activities. However, the large numbers of
    visitors that the park attracts make it difficult
    to maintain as a conservation area.

Louise, Lake, glacial lake in south-western
Alberta, Canada. Lake Louise is located at an
elevation of 1,731 m (5,680 ft) in Banff National
Park, near the town of Lake Louise. The lake is
about 2.4 km (1.5 mi) long and 1.2 km (0.75 mi)
wide. Sheltered by the Rocky Mountains, Lake
Louise is known for the tranquil beauty of its
turquoise-blue surface, which mirrors nearby
scenic forests and snowcapped peaks. The lake is
fed from the north by the spectacular Victoria
Glacier and is drained by the Bow River in the
south-east. Lake Louise was named in 1884 after
the Canadian Governor-General's wife, who was
also the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. The
lake became a tourist attraction after the
Canadian Pacific Railway route passed nearby, and
the company built the grand hotel, Chateau Lake
Louise, on the shore of the lake.
Chuckwagon races at the Calgary Stampede
Nightime aerial view of the Calgary Tower
The Calgary Tower is a great place to get a first
class view and perspective of the Calgary area.
It is a city landmark and a symbol that became
well known during the Winter Olympics of 1988. At
that time a flame burned from the top of the
tower and this still occurs on holidays and
special occasions. The tower is 191 metres in
height and a high-speed elevator easily reaches
the top. As well as an observation gallery - that
affords a view of the whole area from the Rockies
in the west, to the wide expanse of the prairies
in the east - there is a revolving restaurant,
and at the very top a cocktail lounge.
HISTORY The area near Calgary was home to the
Blackfoot Indians for at least hundreds of years.
In the 18th Century the Stoney and the Sarcee
bands arrived in the region. Fort Calgary came
into existence as a North West Mounted Police
settlement in 1875. The police were dispatched to
the area to deal with the lawlessness and unrest
among the Indian tribes and the white settlers.
The name Calgary means 'clear running water' in
Gaelic that probably referred to the confluence
of the Bow and Elbow Rivers where the fort was
established. You can still visit the remains of
the fort today. The Canadian Pacific Railway
arrived in 1883. Settlement was encouraged by the
offer of free land and by 1891 the population was
already over 4000. At the end of the 1800s there
was a lot of immigration north by settlers from
the United States, attracted by the fine grazing
country Southern Alberta had to offer. Soon
Calgary and region was cowboy country, and with
the closeness of the railway, Calgary became a
transportation and meatpacking hub. Apart from
the Stampede and the proud cultural heritage of
the cowboy, cattle and ranching are still very
important in the region.
The Downtown Calgary Skyline
Niagara Falls (city, Canada), city in the
Regional Municipality of Niagara, south-eastern
Ontario, Canada, a port on the Niagara River
opposite Niagara Falls, New York. Overlooking the
Canadian, or Horseshoe, Falls cataract of Niagara
Falls, the city is a popular tourist destination
the crescent-shaped cataract is 49 m (161 ft)
high and carries nine times more water than its
United States counterpart. It also serves as a
major source of electricity for Ontario. The city
is connected to the US side of the falls by
several bridges, including the Rainbow and
Whirlpool Rapids bridges. Factories here produce
processed food, machinery, abrasives, chemicals,
silverware, metal goods, and alcoholic beverages.
Storage, warehousing, and telephone call centres
are also important to the citys economy.
Niagara Falls (city, United States), city, New
York, United States. Located on the Niagara
River, opposite Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.
This is a major tourist centre situated at the
American Falls the main attractions are included
in New York State Niagara Reservation (1885). The
city also manufactures chemicals, machinery,
forestry products, and processed foods
hydroelectric power is a major product. Niagara
University (1856) is nearby.
Points of interest include Queen Victoria Park,
adjacent to the Canadian Falls, which contains
the Oakes Garden Theatre Niagara Falls Museum
(1827), one of the oldest museums in North
America, featuring displays of art and historical
materials the historical museum at Lundy's Lane,
site of a brutal battle between American and
British forces in 1814, which includes exhibits
on local history Marineland, with an aquatic
theatre and a game farm and the Niagara
International Centre, which contains Skylon, a
tall tower with an observation deck overlooking
the falls. Mount Carmel College and the Niagara
Parks School of Horticulture are here. Originally
called Elgin, the community merged with Clifton
in 1856, was renamed in 1881, and was
incorporated as a city in 1904. In 1963 the city
was greatly expanded when it merged with Stamford
township. Niagara Falls has continued to grow
commercially and culturally, in part due to its
flourishing tourist industry. Population 76,917
Niagara Falls is, undoubtedly, one of the most
famous tourist attractions in the world. It
receives 20 million visitors annually. More
camera film is sold here than anywhere else in
the world. Niagara Falls is a natural phenomenon
but its commercial attractions make it much more
than that. It is a unique combination of nature
at its finest and intriguing man-made creations.
It caters to all tastes, and that is the key to
its success as a tourist attraction. CLIMATE
Niagara Falls is a great place to visit for all
seasons. Although the winter is cold, it has a
special magic of its own and the landscape is
totally transformed. Spring brings thousands of
tulips and daffodils. Summers are mainly warm and
sunny, and fall brings a magnificent array of
colours along the banks of the river and in the
Falls Think of the actual attraction of Niagara
Falls and most people think of visitors in
yellow-hooded raincoats viewing the falls
up-close from the 'Maid of the Mist' boat. This
is the classical Niagara Falls attraction, and is
a phenomenal experience. The boat departs every
15 minutes and takes visitors in front of the
American Falls and into the Horseshoe of the
Canadian Falls. You will soon understand the
reason behind the raincoats, which are included
in the price of the ticket.
1) Anyone with the jitters should check out the
US State Dept Travel Warnings Consular
Information Sheets. Written by a generally
over-protective Uncle Sam, these sheets' provide
useful information on the risks US citizens take
when they undertake to leave the home of the
brave. 2) The British Foreign Commonwealth
Office provides more succinct and restrained
Travel Advice targeted at British citizens, but
most of it is relevant to all travelers. 3) The Self-Help Law Center's Trouble Free
Travel Advice has advice on keeping you out of
trouble with the law and shank operators while on
the road. Australia's Department of Foreign
Affairs Trade has useful snippets in its
Consular Travel Advice. 4) Have a look at
Tick-it Tees Travel Site for their links, toolbox
and their Travel Fact Grab Bag.
1) All the facts and Fans about travel insurance
are provided in this brief but succinct page on
the Money World site. 2) If you're bamboozled by
the sheer number of travel insurance policies on
offer and whether or not you ought to go for the
'protection against terrorist attack' policy,
Travel Assist may help you sort it out. 3)
Redbook asks the largely rhetorical question 'Is
Travel Insurance worth It'. Cannon asks the same
question and surprisingly says, well, kind of,
not really, it all depends. 4)Tricky things,
those travel insurance policies. Saving Money on
Travel Insurance will tell you how to, um, save
money on travel insurance.
1) Whatever your nationality, wherever you're
Check Visa Requirements will put you straight on
the paperwork you needSERIAL NUMBER 2) The
Embassy Page has a fairly good hotlink listing of
embassies and consulates around the world 3)
The Electronic Embassy has hotlink listings of
embassies with a presence mainly in the USASERIAL
NUMBER TOURIST OFFICES 1) Where to get online
tourist information points to online and
real-world tourist offices for 150
countriesSERIAL NUMBER 2) This Tourism Offices
Worldwide Directory concentrates on government
tourist office addressesSERIAL NUMBER
Among the foundations of Canada's cultural
identity are the traditions of its native
peoples-SERIAL NUMBER Arguably the country's most
distinctive art is that of the Inuit of the
north, particularly their stone and bone
sculptures and carvings-SERIAL NUMBER Native
Indian artists also excel at printmaking,
basketry and carving-SERIAL NUMBER In the past
Canadians have struggled with their cultural
identity, the cultural infusion from their
southern neighbor being particularly overwhelming
SERIAL NUMBER During the past three decades this
sense of unease has produced a torrent of great
writers, including Margaret Atwood, Alice Munro,
Robertson Davies, Michael Ondaatje, Mordecai
Richer and Rejoin Discharge, as well as a swag of
world-renowned musicians, such as Leonard Cohen,
Joni Mitchell, Neil Young, k-SERIAL NUMBER
d-SERIAL NUMBER Lang and the Cowboy Junkies
SERIAL NUMBER English and French are the
country's two official languages, though the
province of New Brunswick is the only officially
bilingual area in the country SERIAL NUMBER You
will, however, notice both languages on maps,
tourist brochures and product labels SERIAL
NUMBER The French spoken in Canada is not, for
the most part, the language of France SERIAL
NUMBER In Quebec, where the majority of the
population is of French descent, the local tongue
is known as Quebecois SERIAL NUMBER Most
Quebeckers, however, will understand formal
French SERIAL NUMBER The differences between
Quebec and English Canada don't just apply to
language SERIAL NUMBER The French influence of
Quebec can be seen in architecture, music, food
and religion SERIAL NUMBER With little in common
culturally, it is not difficult to understand how
relations between French Quebec and English
Canada have often been problematic at best SERIAL
  • Quality of Life
  • Canada people enjoy a high quality of life while
    the cost of living is low.  
  • Owning a home is affordable for most people.
    Comparatively speaking, Saskatchewan has one of
    the lowest housing costs in Canada.
  • Thanks to a low crime rate, our communities are
    peaceful and secure.
  • Using the same United Nation's criteria that has
    ranked Canada as the best country in which to
    live, canada gets top ranking of all the
    provinces in Canada.
  • Canada's people are often characterized as the
    most Canadian of all Canadians. Generosity,
    trust, kindness, and a true spirit of
    co-operation and teamwork are what make Canada a
    place where innovative ideas, courage and
    community spirit flourish.
  • Our history of welcoming people from all over the
    world remains in practice today. We are truly a
    multicultural society that values diversity and
    celebrates the gifts our varied heritages have to

The educational system in Canada is derived from
the British and American traditions and the
French tradition, the latter particularly in the
province of Quebec. English or French is the
language of instruction, and some schools provide
instruction in both official languages. Each of
the ten provinces has responsibility for
establishing and maintaining its own school
system. In Quebec, the French-Canadian tradition
is followed by the Roman Catholic schools. The
province also maintains Protestant schools,
however, which are widely attended. Although
Canada does not have a central ministry of
education, the federal government provides
schools for First Nations children, inmates of
federal penitentiaries, and the children of
military personnel in Europe.
Inaugurating Transport Canada'
The natural water and mountain barriers of
Canada, combined with a dispersed population,
necessitate efficient and economical transport
facilities. Since the earliest explorations of
the country, water transport has been
indispensable. The St Lawrence-Great Lakes
navigation system extends some 3,769 km (2,342
mi) from the Gulf of St Lawrence into the centre
of the continent. The opening of the St Lawrence
Seaway in 1959 contributed greatly to industrial
expansion. In the mid-1990s cargo carried through
the Montreal-Lake Ontario section of the seaway
exceeded 31 million tonnes. some 77.1 million
tonnes, and about 169.8 million tonnes were
loaded. The ports in Vancouver, Sept-Îles,
Montreal, Port-Cartier, Quebec, Halifax,
(Vancouver handled a total of 73.5 million tonnes
in 1997, maintaining its position as the leading
port on the western coast of North America for
total tonnage).
Winter Wheat Harvest, Ontario Wheat, Canadas
most important crop, is shown being harvested
near Belton, a town in southeastern Ontario.
Ontario is Canadas leading agricultural
province. Wheat and other crops account for about
one-third of the provinces annual farm
production, with livestock and livestock products
providing the rest.
  • Farms produce food and other products every day,
    each of us consumes or uses something produced on
    farms. There are approx. 280, 000 farms in

Major exports are grains, red meats and
oilseeds. Major markets are USA, China, Japan
and the former USSR. Major imports are fruits,
vegetables and nuts. Canada's food prices are
among the lowest in the world. More than 98 of
all farms in Canada are family owned and
  • Canada in 1905
  • The early 20th century brought prosperity to
    Canada under the direction of the liberal
    French-Canadian lawyer, Wilfred Laurier. In 1905
    the Canadian government formed two new provinces,
    bringing the prairies of Alberta and Saskatchewan
    into the country. Canada then encompassed a total
    of nine provinces and two territories. In
    addition to land expansion, the Laurier years saw
    rapid industrial and commercial growth within
    Canada, which created a significant big-business

Central Experimental Farm
The Central Experimental Farm was established in
1886. The Minister of Agriculture at the time was
Sir John Carling. At the same time 4 other
research stations were established across Canada
NAPPAN, Nova Scotia Brandon, Manitoba Indian
Head, Saskatchewan AGASSIZ, British Columbia
Today there are 18 research stations across
Canada. There are numerous stations simply due
to different climates, to pography,length of
growing seasons, soil
Canadian Horse
  • The ancestors of the Canadian horse are among the
    best horses from Northern France, the first of
    which arrived in Canada in 1647. Natural
    selection in the harsh Canadian climate ensured
    that only the hardiest of animals survived.
    Although the Canadian horse is smaller than its
    French ancestors, its strength and endurance are
    unmatched for its size.

This Speech speaks to the future direction of our
country, setting out the agenda that the
Government of Canada has established to continue
building the Canada we all want, for ourselves
and future generations. Today, more than ever,
the 21st century offers new opportunities and
possibilities, choices and avenues that will
afford Canada the occasion to showcase our
substantial talents to the world. In this regard,
we must tap into the knowledge of the next
generation of Canadians -- a generation that is
optimistic and eager to create, innovate and
Canada Place
Canada Place seen from Stanley Park.
The sails of the roof of Canada Place
Home of the Vancouver Trade Convention Centre,
the Cruise Ship Terminal, the CN IMAX Theatre
(see separate listing), shops, restaurants and a
first-class hotel, Canada Place was established
as the site for the Canada Pavilion at EXPO 86.
The distinctive sails of the roof are a Vancouver
A. Dinakaran S. Kamalakannan J.
Ramesh M. Parthasarathy G. Parthasarathy