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Introduction to Cost-Benefit Analysis

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Title: Introduction to Cost-Benefit Analysis Author: OBPR Last modified by: sghabayen Created Date: 4/28/2006 4:54:19 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Cost-Benefit Analysis


1
Biodiversity Laws and policies
2
Palestinian Environmental law No. 7 (1999)
  • ?? ????? ???????
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    ????????.
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    ??????? ???????.
  • 5. ????? ??? ???? ????????? ??????? ????????
    ?????? ????? ????????? ?????? ??????.

3
Palestinian Environmental law No. 7 (1999)
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  • ???? (40)
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  • ?????? (41)
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    ????? ?????.
  • ?????? (42)
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    ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????.

4
Palestinian Environmental law No. 7 (1999)
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  • ?????? (43)
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    ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???
    ???? ?????? ?? ?????????.
  • ???? (44)
  • ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??
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    ??????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?????? ?? ???????
    ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????
    ???? ???????.

5
UN Convention on Biological Diversity 1992
http//www.cbd.int/
6
Convention on Biological Diversity
  • Defined Biological diversity as
  • the variability among living organisms from all
    sources including terrestrial, marine and other
    aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes
    of which they are part this includes diversity
    within species, between species and of ecosystems
  • Signed by 150 government leaders at the 1992 Rio
  • Recognizes that biological diversity is about
    more than plants, animals and micro organisms and
    their ecosystems
  • It is about people and our need for food
    security, medicines, fresh air and water,
    shelter, and a clean and healthy environment in
    which to live

7
Article 1 - Objectives
  • The objectives of this Convention
  • the conservation of biological diversity,
  • the sustainable use of its components
  • the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits
    arising out of the utilization of genetic
    resources by
  • appropriate access to genetic resources
  • appropriate transfer of relevant technologies,
  • appropriate funding.
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8
Obligations
  • Each Contracting Party shall, in accordance with
    its particular conditions and capabilities
  • Develop national strategies, plans or programs
    for the conservation and sustainable use of
    biological diversity or adapt for this purpose
    existing strategies, plans or programs which
    shall reflect the measures set out in this
    Convention
  • Integrate, as far as possible and as appropriate,
    the conservation and sustainable use of
    biological diversity into relevant sectoral or
    cross-sectoral plans, programs and policies

9
Cartagena Protocol on Bio-safety???????? ???????
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    ????????? ? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ???????
    ????? ? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???
    ??????.

The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the
Convention on Biological Diversity is an
international agreement which aims to ensure the
safe handling, transport and use of living
modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern
biotechnology that may have adverse effects on
biological diversity, taking also into account
risks to human health. It was adopted on 29
January 2000 and entered into force on 11
September 2003
10
General Provisions
  1. Each Party shall take necessary and appropriate
    legal, administrative and other measures to
    implement its obligations under this Protocol.
  2. The Parties shall ensure that the development,
    handling, transport, use, transfer and release of
    any living modified organisms are undertaken in a
    manner that prevents or reduces the risks to
    biological diversity, taking also into account
    risks to human health.
  3. Nothing in this Protocol shall affect in any way
    the sovereignty of States over their territorial
    sea established in accordance with international
    law,
  4. Nothing in this Protocol shall be interpreted as
    restricting the right of a Party to take action
    that is more protective of the conservation and
    sustainable use of biological diversity
  5. The Parties are encouraged to take into account,
    as appropriate, available expertise, instruments
    and work undertaken in international forums with
    competence in the area of risks to human health.
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