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The Challenges of Urban Government

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The Challenges of Urban Government Cities and Towns are marvelous and vital instruments of exchange, vital for the development of economic systems and social ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Challenges of Urban Government


1
The Challenges of Urban Government
2
  • Cities and Towns are marvelous and vital
    instruments of exchange, vital for the
    development of economic systems and social
    organizations.

3
Paul M.Hohenberg(1988)
  • The extent of Urbanization largely defines the
    place of exchange in economic life, and with it
    the extent of specialization and the role of
    markets, money and credit.

4
1.Economic
  • Urbanization and economic growth are well
    correlated.
  • National income is produced in urban areas,
    accounting for 55of gross national income (GNP)
    in low-income countries, 73in middle-income
    countries and 85in those of high income (World
    Bank 1999).

5
2.Political
  • Cities and municipalities are the basis of the
    political structure of any democratic country,
  • (where political activity occurs constituents
    elect their representatives and leaders urban
    dwellers make their elected leaders accountable
    for the taxes collected and for the
    implementation of promises).

6
  • Urban dilemmas are almost always multisectoral
    and city management has to be studied from a
    variety of angles and disciplines.

7
Mayors interests (1)
  • How global influences will affect their city and
    the way their city relates to the external world
  • How to prepare an implement a strategic plan
  • How to generate and administer the resources
    required for daily tasks and development
    projects

8
Mayors interests(2)
  • How to partner with the private sector while
    keeping the public interest in sight
  • How to favor or orient the spatial location of
    the citys activities
  • How to reduce poverty, curb environmental
    problems, and use the transport infrastructure to
    improve the wellbeing of their constituents.

9
Challenges1
  • Globalization and Metropolitan Development

10
Challenges 2
  • City Strategy and Governance

11
Challenges 3
  • City/ Municipal Financial Management

12
Challenges 4
  • Private-Sector Involvement in Public Service
    Provision

13
Challenges 5
  • Land and Real-Estate Markets

14
Challenges 6
  • Urban Poverty

15
Challenges 7
  • The Urban Environment

16
Challenges 8
  • Urban Transport and Metropolitan Development

17
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18
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