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HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD

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HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD Scope & Application This standard applies to any hazardous substance which is known to be present in the workplace in such a manner that ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD


1
  • HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD

2
Scope Application
  • This standard applies to any hazardous substance
    which is known to be present in the workplace in
    such a manner that employees may be exposed under
    condition of use or in a reasonable foreseeable
    emergency.

3
REGULATIONS
  • Federal 29 CFR 1910.1200
  • California General Industry Safety Orders 5194
  • T22 CCR 12000et seq. (Prop 65)

4
Employee Right to Know
  • To receive information and training regarding
    hazardous substances to which they may be exposed
    in their workplace.
  • For their physicians or collective bargaining
    agent to receive information regarding hazardous
    substances to which they may be exposed.
  • Against discharge or other discrimination due to
    the employees exercise of the rights afforded
    pursuant to the provisions of the Hazard
    Communication Standard.

5
  • HAZARD COMMUNICATION PROGRAM

6
Objective of The Hazard Communications Program
  • To Protect the health and safety of the Head
    Start Child Development Council, Inc. faculty,
    staff, and students.
  • To provide information to faculty, staff, and
    students about health and safety hazards.
  • Identify and correct health and safety hazards
    and encourage the reporting of hazards.
  • To provide information and safeguards for those
    on campus and in the surrounding community
    regarding environmental hazards arising from
    operations at Head Start.

7
Facility and Program Management
  • The Program will cover the various school sites
    (classrooms portables), homes, shopping centers
    and, any other locations used by the Head Start
    Child Development Council, Inc.
  • The Program will be under the directorship of Jo
    Ann Madrid
  • (209) 235-3152, fax (209) 472-7094 email
    joannma_at_hscdc.org.

8
Emergency Contact List
  • Head Start
  • Jo Ann Madrid (209) 235-3152, fax (209) 472-7094
    email joannma_at_hscdc.org.
  • Manual Lopez (209) 456-6458, email
    manuello_at_hscdc.org
  • Outside
  • Fire / Ambulance / Police - 911
  • Chemtrec (poison hot-line) - 1 800 - 424-9300

9
Product Inventory
  • This Program Will Maintain a Hazardous Substance
    List Known to be Present in Each Room or Work
    Area
  • The Inventory List Will be Found in the MSDS
    Binder System Located in Each Room or Work Area

10
MSDS Binder System
  • Room MSDS Binders Contain
  • Product Inventory
  • Hazardous Substance List (A-Z)
  • Emergency Contact Information
  • Definitions
  • MSDS Overview (Understanding the MSDS)
  • MSDS filed by DGM Number

11
Exemptions
  • Hazardous Waste Regulated by the EPA
  • Natural Wood or Wood Products
  • Food, Drugs and Cosmetics for Public Use
  • Retail Shops (except processing repair)
  • Pesticides (Regulated by FIFRA)
  • Consumer Products in Quantity's lt 1 home
    exposure
  • Containers for Single shift, Single Use, By
    Single Person

12
Hazard Communication Employee Training Program
  • Overview of Hazard Communication Program
  • Identifying Hazardous Substances used in the
    Workplace
  • Reading Labels, Warnings MSDS
  • Personal Protection Safety Procedures
  • Questions Addressed to Supervisor

13
Employee Information and Training Also Includes
  • Employees receiving and sharing information with
    doctor
  • Location of written hazard communication program
  • Identify any operation with Hazardous Materials
  • Understanding MSDS Label system
  • Recognizing a Release of Hazardous Substance
  • Precautionary Measures/Emergency Procedures
  • Frequency of Training

14
  • LABELS
  • AND
  • CONTAINERS

15
Labels Other Forms of Warning
  • Suppliers Original Containers Must Have
  • Identity cross referencing to Haz-Mat data
  • Hazard warning Prop 65 warning
  • Name, Address Tel. of responsible party
  • Above Ground Pipes Also Labeled
  • Secondary Containers Must Have
  • Identity of Hazardous Material
  • Hazard warning Prop 65 warning

16
Four types of labels
  • Written
  • All info is in writing, it is detailed,
    comprehensive and time consuming
  • National Fire Protection Assn. (NFPA)
  • Diamond system, A diamond is split four diamonds
  • with each a Hazard category
  • Hazardous Material ID Program (HMIS)
  • Colored Bands, different colors bands denoting
  • Hazard categories
  • Chemical Hazard ID Program (CHIP)
  • Symbol system, uses universal symbols to
  • convey Hazard categories.

17
Other Forms of Warning
  • Head Start may elect to use-
  • signs, placards, process sheets, operating
    procedures, or other such written material in
    lieu of affixing labels to individual stationary
    process containers.
  • The written materials shall-
  • be readily accessible to the employees in their
    work-area throughout each shift and shall be
    legible and in English.

18
  • MATERIAL
  • SAFETY
  • DATA SHEETS

19
MSDS Outline
  • Manufacturers and Venders
  • Every Hazardous Substance or Product they Produce
    or Import
  • MSDS Must Have
  • Label Name
  • Chemical Name
  • Common Name
  • Chemical Abstract Services (CAS) Number
  • Hazardous Chemical gt1 in Mixture

20
MSDS Outline continued
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • Physical Hazards Health Hazards
  • Potential routes of entry
  • Whos list as What emergency procedures
  • Safe handling, storage and use
  • Know control measures
  • How to Detect a Release
  • Emergency First aid procedures
  • Date of MSDS
  • Name Address Phone of MSDS Preparer

21
Understanding the MSDS
  • Section One - Material Manufacturers
    Identification
  • 1 Identity of Substance
  • 2 Name Address of Manufacturer
  • 3 Emergency of Manufacturer
  • 4 Non-Emergency Info of Manufacturer
  • 5 Date Prepared ID of Preparer

22
Understanding the MSDS
  • Section Two - Ingredients
  • 1 Composition
  • 2 CAS Number (Chemical Abstract Services)
  • 3 Common Names Synonyms Identified
  • 4 TLV PEL (Threshold Limit Value
    Permissible Exposure Limit)
  • 5 Percentages by Weight for Each Listed

23
Understanding the MSDS
  • Section Three Physical Data
  • 1 Boiling Point
  • 2 Specific Gravity
  • 3 Vapor Pressure
  • 4 Melting Point
  • 5 Vapor Density
  • 6 Evaporation Rate
  • 7 Solubility in Water
  • 8 Appearance and Odor

24
Understanding the MSDS
  • Section Four Fire Explosion Hazard
  • 1 Flash Point Method Used
  • 2 Flammable Limits / Volume in Air
  • 3 Extinguishing Media
  • 4 Special Fire Fighting Procedures
  • 5 Unusual Fire Explosion Hazards

25
Understanding the MSDS
  • Section Five Reactivity Data
  • 1 Stability
  • 2 Conditions to Avoid
  • 3 Incompatibility
  • 4 Hazardous Decomposition
  • 5 Hazardous Polymerization


26
Understanding the MSDS
  • Section Six Health Hazard Data
  • 1 Routes of Entry
  • 2 Health Hazards
  • 3 Carcinogenicity
  • 4 Signs Symptoms of Overexposure
  • 5 Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by
    Exposure
  • 6 Emergency First aid Procedures

27
Understanding the MSDS
  • Section Seven Safe Handling Use
  • 1 Spill Leak Protection
  • 2 Waste Disposal
  • 3 Handling Storage
  • 4 Special Precautions

28
Understanding the MSDS
  • Section Eight - Special Protection Information
  • 1 Respiratory Protection
  • 2 Ventilation
  • 3 Protective Gloves
  • 4 Eye Protection
  • 5 Other Protective Equipment
  • 6 Work / Hygienic Practices

29
Understanding the MSDS
  • Other MSDS Information
  • Disposal Considerations
  • Transportation Issues
  • Other Regulatory Issues
  • Other important information

30
Trade Secrets
  • Some chemical mixtures may be withheld as TRADE
    SECRETS
  • MSDS must say Trade Secret Mixture
  • Trade Secrets will be released for
  • Medical emergencies
  • Health or Safety professionals who request in
    writing which explains
  • Why disclosure is essential
  • Procedure to keep information confidential

31
  • PHYSICAL HAZARDS AND
  • HEALTH EFFECTS

32
Identifying Hazardous Chemicals
  • In the Hazard Communication Standard the Term
    EXPOSE Means to Cause to Ingest, Inhale,
    Contact via Body Surfaces or Otherwise Come in
    Contact with a Chemical
  • A Hazardous Chemical is Defined as Any Chemical
    Which is a Physical Hazard or a Health Hazard

33
Categories of Physical Hazards
  • Compressed Gas
  • Combustible Liquid
  • Explosive
  • Flammable Solid
  • Flammable Liquid
  • Organic Peroxide
  • Oxidizer
  • Pyrophoric
  • Unstable
  • Water Reactive

34
Categories of Health Hazards
  • Carcinogens
  • Toxic/Highly Toxic Agents
  • Irritants
  • Corrosive
  • Sensitizers
  • Target Organs
  • Hepatotoxin
  • Liver
  • Nephrotoxin
  • Kidneys
  • Neurotoxins
  • Nervous System
  • Hematopoietic Agents
  • Decrease Blood flow
  • Lowering Oxygen

35
Acute vs. Chronic Health Hazards
  • Acute Effect
  • Short Time Exposure That Causes Rapid Damage Then
    Usually Go Away Examples are Headrace, Dizziness,
    Hard to Breath and a Rash
  • Chronic Effect
  • Long Term or Cumulative Exposure Over a Period of
    Time Examples are Cancer, Lung Disease and
    Reproductive Problems

36
Routes of Entry
  • Inhalation
  • Gases, Vapor, mist, fumes Dust, Most Common
  • Absorption
  • Contact on Skin or Eyes Annual
  • Ingestion
  • Ingested Due to Improper Hygiene (Eating or
    Smoking) This is Less Common
  • Injection
  • Puncture to Skin or Directly absorbed into Blood

37
  • PROPOSITION
  • 65

38
Prop 65, Right to Know
  • Warning Labels Required for
  • Consumer Product Exposure
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Different Types of Warning Accepted
  • A Warning on the product labels
  • Sign posted in clear view of workplace
  • A Warning that complies with OSHA, Cal OSHA
    Prop 65 requirements

39
  • PREVENT
  • OR
  • REDUCE
  • EXPOSURE

40
Methods to Reduce Employee Exposure
  • Administrative Controls
  • Rest periods, Employee rotation
  • Engineering Controls
  • Ventilation systems and physical isolation
  • Safe Work Practices
  • how fast a machine operates or how ingredients
    are added to a mix
  • Following Label Warnings
  • Employees shall be instructed to understand the
    importance of reading labels
  • Personal Hygiene
  • washing hands before eating or showering at the
    end of a work shift
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Respirators and impervious gloves. Use of
    personal protective equipment is covered by
    regulation in many cases to assure that effective
    protection is afforded.

41
Exposure And First Aid Procedures
  • If a medical emergency occurs, prompt first aid
    response could save someone's life and/or reduce
    the effects of exposure. Follow the first aid
    recommendations found in the MSDS Section VI.
  • Should exposure occur, quick action must be taken
    to minimize health effects.
  • Refer to MSDS Section VI to determine recommended
    action.
  • Contact and advise supervisor of the situation.
  • Follow MSDS recommendations for obtaining
    professional medical assistance.
  • Follow MSDS Section VI for first aid
    recommendations.
  • Specific first aid procedures are required for
    different chemical substances.

42
  • EMERGENCY CHEMICAL
  • RELEASE

43
Emergency Procedures
  • Spill Cleanup
  • In general, for small spills
  • Try to stop the spill immediately.
  • Evacuate the area.
  • Notify the supervisor so that trained response
    personnel can be summoned
  • Prepare a Spill Incident report.

44
Emergency Procedures
  • Spill Cleanup
  • In general, for large spills
  • Notify the supervisor so that trained response
    personnel can be summoned
  • Evacuate the area of all personnel.
  • Seal the area by closing all doors and windows.
  • Prepare a Spill Incident report.

45
QUIZ
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