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The Rise of Islam

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The Rise of Islam The Crescent moon had become a symbol for Islam. It is associated with the new moon that begins each month with the Islamic Lunar Calendar Geography ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Rise of Islam


1
The Rise of Islam
2
  • The Crescent moon had become a symbol for Islam.
    It is associated with the new moon that begins
    each month with the Islamic Lunar Calendar

3
Geography Arabian Peninsula
  • Hot, dry, west-coast mountains, desert
    conditions.
  • How would it affect the development of society,
    trade, economics and culture?

4
  • Most settlements were on the coast.
  • Trade by boats
  • Probably wouldnt go through peninsula, theres
    nothing there!

5
  • Oasis small strip of fertile land in the desert
  • Water was
  • a luxury!!

6
Bedouins
  • Early people living on the Arabian Peninsula
  • Desert nomads who were organized by tribes and
    clans (kin- related clans)

7
  • Shaykhs leader of a Bedouin Tribe
  • Free warriors - carried out dictates of Shaykhs
    families made up majority of clan

8
  • Slave Families remnants of rival clans defeated
    in war
  • Clans constantly fought each other over water,
    honor, etc.

9
Mecca
  • Important stop along the trade routes
  • Location of Kaaba
  • Founded by Umayyad clan of the Ouraysh tribe
    house of worship

10
Kaaba
  • House of worship
  • Clans would call a truce (no fighting)
  • Religious shrine of 360 idols Allah was
    referred by some as supreme god.

11
Culture
  • Poetry oral tradition
  • Role of women enjoyed greater freedom and
    higher status
  • Religion blend of animism/polytheism (little to
    do with ethics)

12
Muhammad (570-632)
  • Born into merchant family in Mecca
  • Orphaned
  • Married a wealthy widow

13
  • Meditated on wealthy and poor
  • Revelations became his teachings

VS.
14
  • Quran holy book
  • Converted people wife was 1st convert. (slow
    start)
  • 622CE Moved to Medina city of the prophet
    This journey came to be known as the Hijrah

15
  • 630 Muhammad returns to Mecca with his
    followers and destroys all of the gods in the
    Kaaba

16
  • Madinahs and Bedouins first community of
    Muslims
  • Military conquered neighbors

17
The Teachings of Muhammad
  • Monotheistic
  • Allah supreme creator
  • Provided hope for afterlife
  • Muhammad is not divine (as Jesus is)

18
  • To follow Allahs will, you must follow the 5
    pillars of Islam.
  • What are they?
  • Islam is a way of life shariah set of
    practical laws for daily life
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