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by Francesco Bernardini

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... UK Ezra Pound (1885-1972) USA - UK William Butler Yeats (1865-1939) IRL Novel: James Joyce (1882-1941) IRL Virginia Woolf (1882-1941) UK Franz ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: by Francesco Bernardini


1
by Francesco Bernardini
Modernism
2
Definition
  • A literary and artistic movement that developed
    in Europe during the first three decades of XX
    century.
  • Its name describes the period in which it
    developed, that is the end of the Modern age

3
Cultural Background
  • Modernism development between the end of the XIX
    century and the beginning of the XX century
  • In that period all traditional beliefs were put
    into doubt by scientific discoveries (evolution
    theory, theory of relativity)
  • In society the general atmosphere was one that
    recorded a sense of confusion and absence of
    points of reference and authorities

4
Objective
  • The main objective of Modernism was to create a
    new way of expression in which the absence of
    points of reference, and the idea of a changing
    the world was expressed and traditional beliefs
    were turned upside down
  • It also created a new connection between
    tradition and myths and contemporary literature
    by means of trans-codifiction

5
Main Features
  • Modernist works are the most complex works in the
    history of literature
  • Modernism became an elitarian movement since its
    artistic production was so difficult and couldnt
    be understood by ordinary people since it
    required ahigh level of culture
  • Modernist artists used particular devices to
    better convey feelings, emotions and ideas it
    also made reference to a new conception of time

6
Literary Devices
  • Shift of the point of view
  • Dramatic monologue
  • Speaking voice
  • Interior monologue
  • Stream of consciousness
  • Intertextuality

7
Conceptual Devices
  • Anthropology
  • The Objective correlative
  • Anti-hero
  • The Mythical method
  • Transcodification
  • Importance of mankind

8
Representative Writers
Poetry Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965) USA -
UK Ezra Pound (1885-1972) USA - UK
William Butler Yeats (1865-1939)
IRL Novel James Joyce (1882-1941) IRL
Virginia Woolf (1882-1941) UK Franz
Kafka (1883-1924) CS
9
Representative Works
  • James Joyce Ulysses 1922, Finnegans Wake
    1939, Dubliners, 1914
  • Virginia Woolf Mrs Dalloway,1925, To the
    Lighthouse, 1927
  • T.S.Eliot The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock,
    1915, The Wasteland 1922, The Four Quartets,
    1936-1942
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