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Marine Biology MAR111

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Marine Biology MAR111 Prof. Nancy Black Lecture: Tu & Th 6:00 7:25 pm Lab: Tu 7:40 9:40 pm Marine Biology The study of the organisms that live in the sea ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Marine Biology MAR111


1
Marine Biology MAR111
  • Prof. Nancy Black
  • Lecture Tu Th 600 725 pm
  • Lab Tu 740 940 pm

2
  • Books
  • Marine Biology, 9th edition, Peter Castro and
    Michael E. Huber. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
    2013. (recent older editions are OK)
  • Laboratory and Field Investigations in Marine
    Life, 10th edition, James Sumich and Gordon
    Dudley. Jones Bartlett Publishers. 2011.
    (optional)

3
Grading 1000 points total Lecture 60 3
lecture midterm exams (200 points each) drop
lowest midterm exam grade 400
points cumulative final exam 200 points Lab
40 midterm quiz 50 pts practical final exam
100 pts 10 lab assignments X 10 pts each (drop
lowest lab) 90 pts 2 short research papers
(25 pts each) 50 pts 2 field trips X 50 pts
each 100 pts overall attendance /
participation 10 pts
4
  • How to get a good grade
  • Attend class and lab
  • Print the powerpoint lectures before class and
    take notes on them
  • Read the book
  • Study for the exams (seriously)
  • Turn in assignments on time
  • Do the extra credit work
  • Students who attend, participate, show interest,
    and/or show improvement will get a bump up a half
    grade at end if on the borderline

5
Printing Powerpoint Slides
2-3 per vertical page (3 gives lines for notes)
4 per horizontal page write in margins
6
Marine Biology
  • The study of the organisms that live in the sea

http//www.daviddarling.info/images/diatoms.jpg
http//www.sfos.uaf.edu/research/arcdiv/watercolum
n/copepod/images/full/calanus_marshallae.jpg
http//www.sfos.uaf.edu/research/arcdiv/seabottom/
asteroids/images/full/ctenodiscus-crispatus.jpg
7
Marine Biology
  • A subset of Biology
  • Has subdisciplines
  • Taxonomy
  • Ecology
  • Behavior
  • Physiology
  • Cellular and molecular biology
  • Evolution

8
Marine Biology
  • A subset of Oceanography
  • Biological
  • Chemical
  • Physical
  • Geological

http//community.webshots.com/photo/10983856090294
48148TPhhYc
http//www.webshots.com/g/33/628-sh/12378.html
9
Marine Biology
  • Why is it important?

10
Tools of Marine Biology
11
Tools of Marine Biology
http//www.riverheadfoundation.org/research/conten
t.asp?codeSarge
http//microbewiki.kenyon.edu/images/9/94/Bloom_su
mmer_off_cornwall.jpg
12
Tools of Marine Biology
http//www.gma.org/onlocation/mocness.html
http//alpha1.msrc.sunysb.edu/flaxpond/Images1/Mvc
-008f.jpg
13
Tools of Marine Biology Scientific Method
  • Observe, describe
  • Coral reef

14
Tools of Marine Biology Scientific Method
  • Observe, describe
  • Stony corals
  • Animal polyps have algae cells inside

15
Tools of Marine Biology Scientific Method
  • Observe, describe
  • Corals once green and brown are now white
  • Water temperatures were 30C (86F) or more for
    several weeks

http//www.york.ac.uk/depts/biol/units/symbiosis/i
mages/coralbleach.jpg
16
Tools of Marine Biology Scientific Method
  • Ask questions
  • Why did the corals turn white?
  • Did the warm temperatures cause the problem?
    Pollution? Salinity changes? UV?
  • Is it permanent or will the coral recover?

17
Tools of Marine Biology Scientific Method
  • Choose one question to address, then create a
    hypothesis
  • The prolonged warm water temperatures caused the
    bleaching

http//appserv.pace.edu/emplibrary/thermometer.gif
AFP/Queensland University/File/Ove Hoegh-Guidberg
18
Tools of Marine Biology Scientific Method
  • Conduct a controlled experiment to test the
    hypothesis
  • Collect some identical corals
  • Place some in normal temperature water and
    others in warmer water

http//www.aqob.com.au/images/product/detail/72ros
scoralbleachingtanks.jpg
19
Tools of Marine Biology Scientific Method
  • Experiment results, statistics
  • Corals in lab held in the warmer water
    bleached after several weeks while those in the
    control water did not

20
Tools of Marine Biology Scientific Method
  • If confirmed, then more tests of the hypothesis
  • Experiment must be repeatable
  • Test other species, temperatures, time frames
  • If not, then test an alternative hypothesis

21
Tools of Marine Biology Scientific Method
  • Theory
  • After the hypothesis has passed extensive
    testing and is accepted as true, it may be
    considered a theory
  • Explanation supported by evidence
  • Beware of misuse (scientific theory is not a
    guess, thats a hypothesis)

22
Tools of Marine Biology Scientific Method
http//www2.nau.edu/gaud/bio372/class/behavior/sc
imeth.gif
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