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Human Cloning

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Human Cloning A bridge too far The Hon Tony Abbott MP – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human Cloning


1
Human Cloning
  • A bridge too far
  • The Hon Tony Abbott MP

2
Human Cloning
3
What is Human Cloning?
  • Human embryo clone means a human embryo that is
    a genetic copy of another living or dead human,
    but does not include a human embryo created by
    the fertilisation of a human egg by human sperm.
  • (s.8 Prohibition of Human Cloning Act 2002)

4
What is Human Cloning?
Method 1 Usual reproduction in utero or in
vitro
Method 2 Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer SCNT
5
What is Human Cloning?
6
Why Human Cloning?
  • To extract Embryonic Stem Cells (ESCs)
  • to cure diseases
  • to develop techniques for ART
  • to research stem cell development
  • to research embryo development

7
Human Cloning why not?
  • Primum non nocere First, do no harm
  • "to help, or at least to do no harm,"
    Hippocrates
  • The human embryo is fully human
  • unchanged tenet of the Catholic Church
  • recognised as such by science
  • All humans deserve respect
  • All humans have a right-to-life
  • We should not create life to kill it
  • Respect life, all human life John Paul II

8
Human Cloning why not?
  • Adult Stem Cells An ethical alternative
  • more than 70 known applications
  • ES cells no successful animal trials
  • ES cells cause cancerous growths teratomas
  • ES cells from clones have mixed DNA
  • AS cells no rejection problems
  • AS cells readily available
  • Respect life, all human life John Paul II

9
Embryos and the law
  • Late 1970s IVF legislation in all States
  • initially to assist infertile couples conceive
  • In 1990s some countries began genetic screening
  • 2002 Federal debate
  • human embryo research human cloning bill
  • bill split in two Human Cloning unanimous ban
  • legislation included statutory review after 3
    years
  • All states passed reciprocal (mirror)
    legislation

10
Embryos and the lawThe Lockhart Review
  • Panel of 6 scientists and ethicists
  • Report tabled in December 2005
  • 54 recommendations
  • Federal Cabinet considered report flawed tried
    to bury report
  • PM commissioned own report confirmed flawed
    nature of Lockhart
  • PM pressured eventually allowed debate

11
Embryos and the lawThe Lockhart Review
  • Private Members bill to be introduced
  • by either Senator Patterson or Stott Despoja
  • discussions about what will be included
  • Public debate focus on religion scare tactics
  • Tony Abbott Captain Catholic
  • Nothing unethical in Lockhart - Bob Carr
  • Not creating babies Mal Washer
  • Not human no sperm Jeannie Ferris

12
What Lockhart says
  • Recommendation 28 creates a new definition of
    human embryo that would, if adopted, create a
    virtual open season on early embryos before the
    first cell division takes place.
  • Recommendation 24 allows the creation of human
    embryo clones using animal oocytes (eggs) for
    research, training and clinical applications,
    including the production of human embryonic stem
    cells so long as the cloned embryos are
    destroyed before they reach 14 days.

13
What Lockhart says
  • Recommendation 12 states that the Creation of
    human embryos by fertilization of human eggs by
    human sperm should remain restricted to ART
    treatment for the purposes of reproduction.

14
What can we do?
  • Defend human life our calling
  • Write to local MPs and Senators
  • Write to the newspapers
  • Follow the debate
  • Tell your friends
  • Research the issue
  • Take action at a local level
  • Pray for our decision makers

15
What can we do?
  • Act together solidarity with the defenceless
  • Organise an open letter to your local MP
  • Collect signatures
  • Make an appointment with your MP
  • Send a delegation to present the open letter
  • Write or email your MP and SA Senators personally
  • Encourage your friends
  • Remember we were all embryos in the beginning!

16
Say NO! to Human Cloning
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