Safety%20in%20the%20Swaggies%20Office - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Safety%20in%20the%20Swaggies%20Office

Description:

Safety in the Swaggies Office waggies Australian Gifts Follow Workplace Safety Procedures Unit BSBCMN106A Follow Environmental work procedures Unit BSBCMN109A – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:356
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 68
Provided by: Michel584
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Safety%20in%20the%20Swaggies%20Office


1
Safety in the Swaggies Office
  • Follow Workplace Safety Procedures
  • Unit BSBCMN106A

Follow Environmental work procedures Unit
BSBCMN109A
2
What is Workplace safety?
  • Maintaining the health, safety and welfare of
    employees and others in all workplace
    environments

3
On successful completion of this unit you will be
able to
  • Recognise and report any workplace hazard
  • Comply with procedures to assess and control
    risks
  • Follow workplace procedures in emergencies
  • Contribute to safety in the workplace through
    consultation with employers, employees, OHS
    representatives.

4
OHS has a long history
  • OHS was recognised in the late 1700s in Britain.
    Nothing meaningful was done about it.
  • During the 1800s and through the depression
    years of the early 1900s and through the years
    of WW 1, WW 2, there were many people who were
    out of work and desperately took whatever work
    could be found no matter what the conditions.

5
  • In the 1970s Australian governments (State and
    Federal) made OHS an issue and put in place
    legislation that covered the health and safety of
    all workers in all occupations - The Occupational
    Health and Safety Act, 1983. This is now the
    Occupational Health and Safety Act, 2000.

6
Is the Australian workplace hazardous?
  • The Australian National OHS Commission estimates
  • 650,000 Australian work injuries per year
  • thats 1 worker in 12
  • 1 in 5 workers need more than 5 days to recover
  • 2,900 work-related deaths each year
  • thats nearly 1 ½ times the number of fatal road
    accidents a year

7
Is the workplace hazardous worldwide?
  • The World Health Organization estimates
  • 250 million accidents occur each year
  • 330,000 deaths
  • 160 million occupational diseases

8
Accidents and Injuries can be costly
  • Lost production
  • Absenteeism
  • Medical bills
  • Increased WorkCover or insurance premiums
  • Unwanted publicity
  • Replacement or repair of damaged equipment
  • Training of new or casual staff
  • Poor company image
  • Fines or prison!

9
What are some typical work-related injuries?
  • Bad backs (lifting)
  • Lung diseases (breathing toxic chemicals)
  • Burns (hot machinery parts)
  • Hearing loss (noisy machinery)
  • Cuts (sharp construction tools)
  • Crushing injuries (moving objects)
  • Skin diseases (irritating substances)
  • Broken bones (falling)

10
WorkCover Authority of NSW
  • The statutory authority that administers OHS
    legislation in NSW
  • Provides advice on rights and responsibilities
    concerning OHS, rehabilitation and workers
    compensation
  • Investigates causes of accidents, injuries and
    illnesses
  • Issues licenses for hazardous
  • operations, eg. for the handling of dangerous
    chemicals

11
What is the National Occupational Health Safety
Committee?
  • Federal authority that considers the laws,
    regulations and procedures covering health and
    safety to all workers.

12
Whose responsibility is workplace safety?
  • Employers
  • and
  • Employees
  • are both responsible

13
Employers Responsibilities
  • EMPLOYERS have a duty of care (by law) to
    provide a safe workplace.
  • Managers and supervisors MUST help employers meet
    this responsibility.
  • Consult with employees on OHS matters
  • Assess likely hazards
  • Control and minimise hazard risks
  • Provide information to workers

14
Employers Responsibility cont
  • Consult with workers (through OHS reps and
    committees)
  • Organise safe work systems
  • Improve understanding (by instruction/training)
  • Provide protective clothing and equipment

15
Employers Responsibility cont
  • Ensure tools/equipment/machines are safe
  • Supervise inexperienced workers
  • Monitor the workplace
  • Keep records of inspections and injuries

16
TrainingEmployers MUST provide
  • Training to OHS representatives and Committee
    members
  • Training to all workers to ensure Health and
    safety

17
Employees responsibility
  • EMPLOYEES (YOU) must take care of your own safety
    and that of others who may be affected by your
    actions. You MUST co-operate with your
    employer.
  • Work/behave in a safe way
  • Take care not to endanger the safety of others
  • Follow employer instructions
  • Operate equipment safely and only for the
    intended purpose
  • Use personal protective equipment

18
Employees responsibility cont
  • Cooperate with your employer
  • Do not willfully/recklessly interfere or misuse
    equipment
  • Ensure you are not affected by alcohol or drugs
  • Report hazards
  • Report work-related injuries, near misses

19
Recognise and report workplace hazards
20
What is a hazard?
  • A hazard is something that has the potential to
    cause harm. This harm can affect people by
    causing injury, illness, death or psychological
    trauma.
  • Website www.nohsc.gov.au

21
WORKPLACE HAZARD
WORK ACTIVITY Drilling a hole Typing a letter Unloading cargo Moving a heavy object
SITUATION Tripping over a cord Wet floor in a foyer
ARRANGEMENT Poor storage techniques
PRODUCTION PROCESS Toxic fumes excess heat
22
  • Checklist of Hazards in the Working Environment
  • Date
  • Area
  • What to look for
  • Look at all areas and compare to the standards
    provided below. Some aspects may not be
    applicable. A "no" response to any question
    indicates an area that will need further
    assessment.
  • ? PASSAGEWAYS ? FUMES/VENTILATION
  • ? EXIT/EGRESS ? ERGONOMIC FACTORS
  • ? NOISE ? LAYOUT (of workplace)
  • ? LIGHTING
  • .

23
What should you report?
  •                                                 
                                                      
                          
  • Any event that results in injury or disease -
    no matter how minor - is reportable
  • Dangerous occurrences or events - including a
    near miss that endangers the health or safety
    of a person
  • Any event that results in death
  • Employees have a LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY to report
    any accident or incident

24
Who do you Report Hazards to?
  • Your Supervisor
  • Supervises New Employees
  • Coaches and mentors team members
  • Communicates between senior management and
    workgroups
  • OHS Committee
  • Formal body that resolves OHS issues
  • Reviews OHS measures
  • Investigates OHS matters
  • Solves OHS problems
  • Develops OHS policies, procedures and programs
  • Comprises both employees and employer
    representatives
  • Must be established when gt20 employees

25
Who do you report hazards to?
  • OHS Representative
  • Elected to represent designated workgroups
  • Review OHS measures
  • Conduct inspections
  • Accompany an OHS inspector
  • Provide input into development of OHS systems
    and emergency preparedness procedures
  • Know about particular hazards
  • Keep up-to-date with information injuries and
    health
  • Communicate with management/workers about
    changes
  • Make recommendations about training
  • Must be elected even if requested by only one
    employee

26
Comply with procedures to assess and control risks
  • In an Office Environment

27
Hazard Categories
  • The FOUR categories of hazards we will look at
    are
  • Physical Hazards, eg OOS, posture
  • Manual Handling hazard, eg lifting
  • Chemical Hazard, eg Toxic substances
  • Psychosocial Hazard, eg Stress

28
What are the FOUR steps to identify and control a
hazard
  • Identify the hazard what is it
  • Assess the risks what is likely to happen
  • Control the risks preventative measures
  • Evaluate the solutions
  • were the preventative measures
  • appropriate
  • successful

29
Lets take a closer look at Occupational Overuse
Syndrome
  • What is it?
  • OOS relates to the repetitive use of the same
    muscles over an extended period of time
  • What does it affect?
  • Muscles
  • Tendons
  • Soft tissues in the neck, back, shoulders, hands,
    fingers, wrists, elbows

30
Who does OOS affect?
  • Office workers
  • Cleaners
  • Hairdressers
  • Kitchen workers
  • Drivers
  • Mail sorters
  • Painters
  • Musicians
  • Process workers on assembly lines (packers,
    sorters, pressers)
  • Construction workers (bricklayers, carpenters,
    plumbers and tilers)
  • PEOPLE IN MANY DIFFERENT OCCUPATIONS

31
What are OOS symptoms?
  • Soreness/Swelling
  • Muscle discomfort
  • Stiffness
  • Numbing and tingling
  • Fatigue
  • Burning sensation
  • Aches and pains
  • Weakness

32
How can you prevent OOS?
  • Adjust your workstation layout
  • Adjust furniture
  • Maintain correct posture
  • Exercise to stimulate blood flow
  • Reduce repetitive tasks
  • Take regular breaks
  • Rotate the work tasks
  • REPORT any signs of OOS immediately

33
What happens when new equipment is installed
  • When a new computer is installed
  • Ergonomically sound office design layout
  • Ergonomic office furniture installed
  • Training on the new equipment provided by
    employer
  • OHS training (safe work habits)
  • If you experience any wrist soreness
  • You would report problem to supervisor
  • An OHS rep would inspect workstation and write a
    report
  • You would consult a doctor and obtain report
  • You would be transferred to alternative duties,
    temporarily or permanently
  • Employer would closely monitor your progress

34
What is an ergonomic workstation?
  • Ergonomic means setting up the work
    environment to suit individuals.
  • Making the environment work for you, not against
    you.
  •      

35
Ergonomically-friendly equipment
  • Adjustable Keyboard/Monitor
  • Glare screen
  • Wrist wrest
  • Document holder
  • Adjustable ergonomic furniture
  • Footstool
  • Noise shield for printers
  •                   

36
Basic principles of correct postureTo reduce
fatigue and reduce risk of body injury and strain
when using a computer
  • Adjust your chair and workstation
  • Support your lower back with the back of the
    chair
  • Place your feet flat on the floor or use a
    footrest
  • Have your ankles, knees and hips at right angles
  • Clear the desk of all unnecessary materials
  •                                                   
                                                      
                     

37
Do these exercises
Hands and Arms
With your forearms rested on a table in front of
you, turn your palms up then down.
With your fingers straight, spread your
forefingers and middle fingers apart, then
together.
Touch your forefinger to your thumb forming a
ring, repeat for each finger. Repeat sliding the
finger tip to the base of your thumb.
Bend your wrist to 90 degrees and make a fist
38
Neck and Shoulders
Start with your head upright and relaxed. Lower
your chin toward your chest and return. Tilt your
head back and return.
Start with shoulders still and head forward. Bend
your head toward your left shoulder, then return.
Repeat on your right side.
39
Stretching
Just getting up, walking around and stretching
will remove any stiffness and tension from
prolonged sitting down. Do these exercises slowly
until you feel a mild stretching sensation.
Stretch your forearm by putting your palm flat on
the chair and gently straightening your arm.
40
Eyes
  • Blink often to stop eyes becoming irritated by
    surface drying
  • Reduce screen brightness
  • Fit a glare screen
  • Keep the screen dust-free

Look out the window for a moment or two. Posters,
photo murals, wall hangings or tapestries will
give relief to your eyes if there is no window in
your room.
41
Lets take a closer look at Manual Handling
  • Any activity which involves
  • Pulling
  • Pushing
  • Raising or lowering
  • Lifting
  • Holding
  • Carrying
  • For Example
  • Carrying files
  • Lifting books
  • Placing items on shelves
  • Moving chairs
  • CAN YOU THINK
  • OF SOME MORE?

42
Who does Manual Handling?
  • Office workers
  • Nurses
  • Builders and tradesmen
  • Shop assistants
  • Cleaners
  • Animal handlers
  • Just about anyone!

43
Manual Handling techniquesLifting
  •                                                 
                                                      
                          

44
Chemicals and Toxic Substances
45
Wear Protective Clothingas provided by your
employer
  • Overalls
  • Protective safety boots
  • Safety gloves
  • Safety helmets
  • Safety masks, goggles
  • Respirators
  • Ear protectors
  •                     

46
HousekeepingHousekeeping is more than keeping an
office tidy. It is also about keeping it safe and
healthy.
Can you find 8 potential hazards?
47
Psychosocial HazardsStress
  • Work related psychosocial injuries cost five
    times more than work-related physical injuries
  • Psychosocial hazards are often called stress.
  • Stress is the physical, mental and emotional
    reaction to demands made upon us as individuals
  • Psychosocial hazards are difficult to identify
    and their affects may not appear for some time.
  •                                                 
                                                      
                          

48
Stress can
  • Occur suddenly (eg a payroll hold-up or
    terrorist attack)
  • Build up over time (eg work overload)
  • Be continuous (eg conflict with another worker
    or manager)
  • Be intermittent (eg work overload at certain
    times such as at the end of the financial year,
    stocktaking, etc).
  •                                                 
                                                      
                          

49
Are you stressed?
Poor concentration
Weight loss
Anxiety
Insomnia
Poor memory
Overeating
Tension
Headache
Dizziness
Skin rashes
Fatigue
Reduced appetite
Aggression
Irritability
Indigestion
Depression
50
What can you do for stress?
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat nutritiously
  • Get enough sleep
  • Find time for yourself
  • Switch off from work and other responsibilities
  • Have a hobby
  •                                                 
                                                      
                          

51
SAY NO to alcohol and drugs in the workplace?
Poor eye/hand coordination
Poor concentration
Impaired vision
Impaired mental alertness
Lower energy levels
Slower reaction times
Taking drugs or alcohol at the workplace, or
reporting for work under their influence, poses a
serious and obvious hazard to yourself and others.
Being under the influence at work can lead to
disciplinary action, dismissal and/or possible
prosecution under health and safety criminal law.
52
Follow workplace procedures in emergencies
53
What could be classed as an emergency?
  • Fire
  • Explosion
  • Holdup or attack
  • Serious accident
  • Asphyxiation (suffocation due to lack of
    oxygen)
  • Spills
  •                                                 
                                                      
                          

54
Emergencies - YOU must be aware of
  • How to report an accident, illness or emergency
  • Where the first aid services and facilities are
    located
  • Who are the first aid officers
  • The first aid procedures
  • Where fire extinguishers are located
  • Raising the alarm in a n emergency
  • The evacuation procedure
  •                                                 
                                                      
                          

55
Dont ignore warning signs
  •                                                 
                                                      
                          

56
Know your fire extinguisher
RED Water filled for Class A fires Class A is Wood, cloth, plastic, rubber, etc.
RED/Black Band Carbon Dioxide for Class E fires Class E is Electrical fires
RED/Blue Band Dry Powder for Classes A, B, C E and F fires. Good for sudden outbreaks of any fires.
BLUE Foam for Class B and Class A fires Petrol, oil, paints, grease,solvents/wood, plastic, rubber
BUFF colour Wet chemical for Class A and F fires Class F is cooking oil
RED/yellow band Vaporising liquid for Class A, B and C fires Class C is flammable gas
  •                                                 
                                                      
                          

57
What would you do in the event of an armed
robbery?
  • Stand still
  • Obey the robbers instructions
  • Remain calm and quiet
  • Observe if you can without provoking the
    criminal
  •                   
  • Stay out of the immediate physical danger area
  • Do not give chase
  • Call the police ASAP
  • Seal off the hold-up area
  • Ask any witnesses to remain

58
OHS Law and Legal Requirements
59
What does the Law say?
  • NSW OHS Regulation 2001
  • Addresses Risk Management ie. identifying,
    assessing, controlling and reviewing hazards in
    the workplace
  • Provides OHS guidelines for all general and high
    hazard work areas
  • NSW OHS Act 2000
  • Sets out legal requirements for ensuring healthy
    and safe workplaces
  • Places responsibilities on employers,
    manufacturers, designers and employees
  • Outlines duties/rights of employees on all issues
    that may affect their health, safety or welfare
  • Codes of Practice/Aust Standards
  • Provides information to assist employers on how
    to comply with regulations
  • Environmental Laws, Treaties etc.
  • Environmental laws which overlap OHS laws
    regarding hazardous substances etc.

60
What are the penalties?
  • OHS laws are enforceable through the courts
  • Penalties apply to individuals and organisations
  • Financial penalties of up to 850,000 OR
  • Imprisonment for up to TWO years in NSW

61
Accident Reports
  • Employees must complete an accident report form
    and give to their supervisor within 24 hours of
    an accident. A copy must be given to the injured
    person.
  • Supervisors must complete an accident report form
    and send to the appropriate OHS Unit or Authority
    (normally 24-48 hours after the accident).
  • Supervisors must notify the OHS Representative.
  • Consideration and investigations will then take
    place

62
In Summary
63
Know your rights and responsibilities
  • You have a RIGHT to be involved in the
    consultation of OHS matters in the workplace
  • You DO NOT have to work in conditions you
    consider are unsafe or dangerous
  • You must follow safety instructions
  • You have a RESPONSIBILITY to protect your own
    health and safety and that of others
  • You must CO-OPERATE with your employer
  •                     

64
Why and How
  • Workplace accidents, illness and injuries are
    costly for both employees and employers both in
    monetary and human terms.
  • Employers and Employees need to work together to
    ensure that the workplace is the best possible
    environment for the health and well-being of
    everyone.
  •                     

65
Legal Authorities
  • Work Cover Authority of NSW
  • Looks after health and safety of and compensation
    to NSW workers
  • National Occupational Health Safety Committee
  • Federal authority that considers the laws,
    regulations and procedures covering health and
    safety to all workers.

66
Safety is no accident!
67
Source material and for further
information Follow Workplace Safety
Procedures by Stephan Harvey, (Software
Publications) 2002. Maintaining Workplace
Safety, by Kaye Burton, (Tertiary Press)
2002 Occupational Health Safety online (TAFE
Connect) 2001 NSW Work Cover Authority
www.workcover.nsw.gov.au National Occupational
Health and Safety Commission www.nohsc.gov.au
About PowerShow.com