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ANCIENT GREECE

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ANCIENT GREECE Geography Ancient Greece Geography . . . Geography . . . Geography . . . History Minoan Architecture Minoan Art History . . . History . . . – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ANCIENT GREECE


1
ANCIENT GREECE
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Geography
Questions - Civilization covered areas all around the Mediterranean Sea Greek Peninsula islands Also parts of Italy, France, Spain, Middle East N. Africa
3
Ancient Greece
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Geography . . .
Questions - Greece is very rocky mountainous No large fertile river valleys Very little arable land
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Geography . . .
Questions - Due to lack of farmland, the Greeks turned to the sea (1st maritime civ) Source of food Used for transportation Facilitated trade Aided exploration of new, more arable, land Helped expand Greece via colonies
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Geography . . .
Summary
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History
Questions - Minoans of Crete (ca. 3000 1400 BCE) Maritime culture Known for advanced art architecture Ended w/ invasion by Mycenaeans
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Minoan Architecture
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Minoan Art
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History . . .
Questions - Mycenaeans arrive (ca. 1900 BCE) Part of Indo-European group Had horses, chariots bronze weapons Set up city-states colonies
12
History . . .
Questions - Dorians drive out Mycenaeans (ca. 1200 BCE) War-like people w/ iron weapons Results of Dorian invasion - Iron Age begins in Greece - Beginning of a Dark Age
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History . . .
Questions - Golden Age of Greece (ca. 800 BCE) New city-states emerge from Dark Age Athens Sparta became most important Ends in war w/ Persian Empire
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History . . .
Questions - City-states join together win Persian Wars Athens becomes leading polis Athens forms Delian League Sparta refuses to join - Athens Sparta at war for years Athens has better navy Sparta has better army Sparta wins controls Greece
15
History . . .
Questions - Spartas power declines King Philip of Macedonia conquers Greece - Alexander the Great (Philips son) next ruled Greece Establishes Greek Empire Conquered Persia, Egypt, India many other lands After Alexanders death, empire crumbles
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Alexanders Empire
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History . . .
Summary
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Culture . . .
Questions - Religion Greek Mythology Polytheistic Believed deities controlled the world of living dead Gods had supernatural powers, but also had human qualities
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Culture . . .
Questions After death, believed everyone went to Hades (physical place) - Hermes took you to River Styx - Paid ferryman to get across - Passed through gate guarded by Cerberus People in Hades were Shades of gray
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Culture . . .
Summary (Religion)
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Culture . . .
Questions - Greek Art Pottery found all over the world - Usually black orange - Told about everyday Greek life
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Greek Pottery
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Culture . . .
Questions Greek sculpture - Decorated temples homes, honoring famous people gods - Famous for their realism
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Greek Sculpture
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Culture . . .
Questions Greeks also known for storytelling drama - Fables (Aesop) - Epics (Homer)
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Culture . . .
Summary (Art)
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Culture . . .
Questions - Govt Athens had a democracy Only citizens could participate - Must be 20 years old have 2 years of military service as well - Citizens met in assemblies to vote on laws, major decisions, etc.
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Culture . . .
Summary (Govt)
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Written Language
Questions - Minoans Language called Linear A Has not been deciphered - Mycenaeans Language called Linear B Deciphered in 1950s by Michael Ventris
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Linear A Linear B
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Written Language
Questions - After the Dark Ages Greek It is an alphabetic language All citizens learned to read write Only 1 written Greek, but many dialects of spoken Greek
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Written Language
Summary
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