STEPS TO CIVILIZATION Unit 3 Social Studies 7 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – STEPS TO CIVILIZATION Unit 3 Social Studies 7 PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 7a7e6b-Y2ViN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

STEPS TO CIVILIZATION Unit 3 Social Studies 7

Description:

Try This Timeline Activity. Using criteria on . Steps to Civilization . Handout AW pages 47-49, construct a timeline in chart format. Your chart may be produced with ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:101
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 62
Provided by: SD298
Learn more at: http://pamsamaddar.weebly.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: STEPS TO CIVILIZATION Unit 3 Social Studies 7


1
STEPS TO CIVILIZATIONUnit 3 Social Studies 7
  • Use your flip booklet to record notes!

2
Look Around You!
  • How did the world you see come to be the way it
    is?

3
Why are you watching this PowerPoint instead of
waiting outside a gophers hole, with a spiked
club in your hands?
4
The reason we are.
  • Lies far in the past when early humans
  • began creating tools to help them make
  • useful and beautiful objects

5
People began farming instead of spending days
searching for food
6
They left their caves for the comfort of houses
built from reeds, peat, leather, wood and stone
7
They built walls around their settlements and
began to live peacefully in settled communities
8
  • These early changes were the first steps
    towards civilization and the first steps towards
    the life we know

9
In this unit, you will examine
  • important changes in lives of early humans
  • changes that affected lives of all people who
    followed them, including you!

10
Early Beginnings
  • Archaeologists found evidence showing at least 6
    different species of humans having walked the
    earth
  • These include first modern humans, the early Homo
    sapiens sapiens
  • Evidence of Early Humans mapped on pg.44 Ancient
    Worlds text

11
Label Your Flip BookletCAPITALSPRINT
NEATLYCENTER
  • Top Title Page
  • Steps to Civilization, Name
  • Bottom Edges of Each Page
  • Tools Were Important
  • Tools Teach Us
  • Eras
  • 6 Groups of Early Humans
  • Early Hunters
  • Cro-Magnon Hunters
  • Farming A Giant Step
  • How Farming Got Started
  • Cities Another Giant Step
  • Bottom Edge leave blank

12
Try This Mapping Activity
  • Pg.44 AW - find title, legend, scale of map
  • What information does each of these items give
    you?
  • Describe where remains of of ancient humans were
    located in relation to major rivers. What
    pattern do you notice?

13
Think for Yourself p.45
  • Imagine yourself shipwrecked on a deserted
    island. Your mission is to survive on your wits
    alone. Your first task is to find food and
    water. You gather shellfish from the beach and
    find a stream. What now?
  • Group Activity

14
Development of Humans
  • Earth like deserted island for early humans
  • Offered materials of nature, nothing else
  • People survived finding ways to use materials to
    meet needs for food, shelter clothing

15
Tools Were Important
  • Made axes, knives, scrapers and spearheads using
    hard stone to chip pieces from another stone
  • Various groups of humans created different tools
    depending on environment

16
Tools Teach Us
  • What each groups life was like
  • How ancient peoples hunted
  • What they hunted (large or small prey)

17
Tools Teach Us
  • How they cooked their food
  • If they stored their food

18
  • Lives changed drastically as they learned to
    make new tools

19
Eras
  • Scientists divided time early humans lived into
    three eras (periods of time)
  • Eras were based on the materials in tools
  • Stone Age
  • Bronze Age
  • Iron Age

20
Scientific Evidence for 6 Groups of Early Humans
  • According to Theory of Evolution each species of
    humans developed into the next group
  • Some groups lived on Earth at the same time
  • Scientists do not all agree on names / dates for
    each group
  • Support differences by analyzing fossil remains
  • Notice how each species used technology to help
    them survive in their environment

21
Early Humans
  • Australopithecus
  • Homo habilis (handyman)
  • Homo erectus (upright man)
  • Homo sapiens (Neanderthal)
  • Homo sapiens (Cro-Magnon)
  • Homo sapiens sapiens (modern human)

STOP. REFLECT. COMPLETE FILL-IN-BLANK REVIEW
22
Teams
  • Australopithecus Team 5
  • Homo habilis (handyman) Team 1 Devlyn
  • Homo erectus (upright man) Team 4
  • Homo sapiens (Neanderthal) - Team 2
  • Homo sapiens (Cro-Magnon) Team 6
  • Homo sapiens sapiens (modern human) Team 3

23
Try This Timeline Activity
  • Using criteria on Steps to Civilization Handout
    AW pages 47-49, construct a timeline in chart
    format
  • Your chart may be produced with a computer or by
    hand on 11 X 17 paper
  • Your goal is to show changes that took place from
    Australopithecus to Homo sapiens sapiens. List
    the changes on your time line
  • Use the Mr. Donn site for information too!

Together, lets review criteria for an excellent
timeline
24
Go Deeper with Technology
  • http//earlyhumans.mrdonn.org/index.html

25
Early Hunters
  • In ancient times, people could not be certain of
    getting dinner if they stayed in one place
  • People ate wild plants when they were in season
  • Wild animals were eaten when killed with tools of
    wood and stone.
  • Early hunters followed migrating herds of
    animals, or travelled to places where they had
    found food in past years.
  • Hunting was a way of life for early humans.
    Evidence found at may sites suggests that early
    humans (starting with Homo erectus) were skillful
    hunters

26
Pause Discuss
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of the
    hunter-gatherer lifestyles?

27
  • North American Aboriginal people stampeded
    herds of bison off cliffs such as the one at
    Head-Smashed-in-Buffalo-Jump, Alberta.

28
  • Why do you think this hunting method encouraged
    people to live in communities?

29
Cro-Magnon Hunters
  • Followed great herds of animals that once
    travelled across Europe
  • Some lived in caves
  • Others made tents out of skins of animals they
    caught
  • Could pack up tents easily and bring them as they
    followed herds of animals
  • Tools were much more efficient than those of
    earlier people

30
Cro-Magnon Hunters
  • Invented blade tools and made tools from bone to
    help make clothing and shelters
  • used wood, bone, and plant fibres to make tools
  • Most of these materials rotted, leaving little or
    no evidence
  • Only stone tools survived

31
Cro-Magnon Hunters
  • Invention of barbed harpoon important to growth
    of population
  • Hunting became more efficient as hunting tools
    improved

32
Put Yourself into the Time and Place of a
Historical Event
  • Imagine you are one of a band of early humans who
    travel together in search of food
  • Work in a group to develop a short skit about
    your discovery of fire.
  • See criteria on assignment card on next slide

33
Assignment Card
  • You eat roots, fruit, and berries whenver you
    find them.
  • You eat raw meat because you do not kow about
    fire.
  • You break animal bones open so you can eat the
    marrow.
  • Then one day you see fire for the first time.
  • How does the fire start? How does it change your
    life? What can you do now that you could not do
    before?

34
Farming A Giant Step
  • most of time humans fed themselves gathering wild
    plants / hunting wild animals
  • by 5000 years ago, people had begun farming in
    almost every part of world

35
  • Farming marks time when people began to grow
    plants and raise animals for food
  • Humans began training animals to be of use to them

36
  • Switch to farming marks a gigantic change in how
    people related to the earth and their environment
  • Instead of simply finding and taking what nature
    provided, people started to help nature along
  • As farmers, humans started to take control of the
    production of food

37
A Shift
  • Shift from food gathering to food producing meant
    people could now be sure of getting enough to eat
  • Dependable source of food allowed people to
    settle in one place
  • As food became abundant, communities began to
    flourish
  • Farming was a giant step towards the development
    of civilization

38
How Farming Got Started
  • We can only speculate. We werent there.
  • Some Theories
  • Spilled-Grain Hypothesis
  • Watching-the-Animals Hypothesis
  • Mooven-and-Grooven Hypothesis

39
Spilled-Grain Hypothesis
  • Neolithic women, noticed new grain plants grew
    when they accidentally spilled grain seeds. They
    tried scattering seeds on purpose it worked!

40
Watching-the-Animals Hypothesis
  • Animals often find plants in places with water /
    good soil - Hunters saw pattern
  • People stayed at sites, animals became tamer
  • People started weeding / irrigating so plants
    would grow better
  • Started saving seeds of better plants to plant

41
Mooven-and-Grooven Hypothesis
  • One season, nomads liked a site so much they
    stuck around
  • Stayed so long they harvested a crop and then saw
    it grow to harvest stage again
  • Groups learned to grow a crop from seed to
    harvest and then move on

42
Remember
  • A hypothesis is a theory or opinion that has
    not been proven a kind of educated guess about
    what the evidence means

43
On your own, explain why you agree with one of
the hypotheses described or propose one of your
own. Write down two facts or reasons to
justify your hypothesis
Activity
  • Spilled-Grain Hypothesis
  • Watching-the-Animals Hypothesis
  • Mooven-and-Grooven Hypothesis

44
PAIR/SHARE ACTIVITY Why Farming Began
  • Using Ancient Worlds pages 56-57, meet with a
    partner to discuss how the historian argued a
    hypothesis in the article Why Farming Began.
    Use the questions in the article to guide your
    discussion. Take turns reading the questions, and
    responding.

45
Think for Yourself
  • State your own hypothesis about how farming
    started.
  • How is your hypothesis similar to and different
    from the one given in the article?
  • Do you think the historian did a good job of
    supporting a hypothesis? Explain.

46
Cities Another Giant Step
  • Looking at how cities developed is like seeing
    civilization develop
  • development of farming brought people together in
    communities
  • people stopped farming when farmlands produced
    more food than was needed some
  • some people developed others skill moved closer
    together forming villages
  • sometimes these villages grew into towns, and
    then cities

47
Ancient Cities of the World
  • In ancient times, cities homes of royalty and
    officials who held power
  • Officials controlled surrounding land decided
    who could farm
  • Some cities grew around temple or place of
    worship
  • Communities flourished because people could make
    a living (e.g, shopkeepers, craftspeople,
    artists, teachers, priests, and officials)

48
Scientists Love to Discover Ruins of Ancient
Cities
49
Scientists want to know more about how ancient
people lived and met individual/common needs
50
Seeing Patterns
  • Note the development (changes) of different early
    civilizations
  • Nomadic groups travelling
  • ?
  • People formed settled, organized communities
  • ?
  • Communities grew into cities
  • ?
  • Met other groups through trade or warfare
  • ?
  • Cities developed unique characteristics solve
    problems in different ways

51
Charting Change
  • Using picture series on pages 62-63, Ancient
    Worlds
  • Make a 2-column chart. List stages (or changes)
    you see in column one.
  • In column two, speculate on how each change must
    have affected peoples lives

52
Pair/Share Your Chart
  • With a partner, discuss how the events
    described in the chart did or did not contribute
    to a more civilized life for people

53
In Conclusion
  • You have examined the big steps that led towards
    civilization.
  • You have seen that tools played a crucial role at
    every step.

54
  • Archaeologists found evidence showing at least
    6 different species of humans have walked the
    earth

55
  • Tools were important and teach us about daily
    life or early humans

56
  • Scientists divided time early humans lived
    into three eras (periods of time) based on tools
    - Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age

57
  • Hunting was a way of life for early humans.

58
  • Farming marks time when people began to grow
    plants and raise animals for food

59
  • Looking at how cities developed is like seeing
    civilization develop see a pattern to the
    changes

60
In Your Opinion
  • Which was the most important step in getting
    civilization started
  • Invention of fire
  • Tools for hunting
  • The beginning of farming
  • Technology for travel or
  • The beginning of cities
  • Remember to support your opinion

61
  • THE END
About PowerShow.com