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Welcome back! Bellwork: December 2 In pigeons:

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Welcome back! Bellwork: December 2 In pigeons: the allele B produces ash- red feathers. the allele b produces blue feathers the B allele is dominant to the b ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Welcome back! Bellwork: December 2 In pigeons:


1
Welcome back! Bellwork December 2 In pigeons
the allele B produces ash- red feathers. the
allele b produces blue feathers the B allele is
dominant to the b allele. 1. What could the
genotype be for a pigeon with ash-red feathers?
2. What would the phenotype be for a pigeon
whose genotype is bb?
Yes, you need to copy the questions!
2
Science Fact of the Day To avoid predators, a
mother Slow Loris licks its offspring with poison
before sending them off to search for food.
3
CHAMPs Highlights
  • Entering the room
  • In seat working on bellwork when the bell
    rings.
  • While your teacher is talking
  • You are listeningthat means eyes are up and
    attention is on the teacher.
  • During an activity/lab
  • Attention is on the activity. Working with your
    group!
  • Exiting the room
  • Wait to pack up until the teacher has said to.
  • NO ELECTRONICSEVER.

4
Homework A Beginners Guide to Punnett
Squares Start the video at about 5 mins. Due
Wednesday, Dec 4.
5
CO I will predict genetic outcomes using
dihybrid crosses. LO I will write notes. I will
practice predicting genetic outcomes with a
partner.
6
Dihybrid Cross a cross that shows the possible
offspring for two traits
Coat Texture R Rough r Smooth
Fur Color B Black b White
In this example, we will cross a heterozygous
individual with another heterozygous individual.
Their genotypes will be
BbRr x BbRr
7
Dihybrid Cross
  • BbRr x BbRr
  • Step 1 Find ALL possible gametes that can be
    made from each parent.
  • Remember, each gamete must have one B and one R.

8
Dihybrid Cross
  • BbRr x BbRr
  • Possible gametes
  • BR
  • Br
  • bR
  • br

Step 2 Arrange all possible gametes for one
parent on the top of your Punnett Square and the
other parent on the side
9
Dihybrid Crosses a cross that shows the possible
offspring for two traits
BbRr x BbRr
Fur Color B Black b White
Coat Texture R Rough r Smooth
Step 3 Fill in the Punnett Square (find the
possible genotypes of the offspring)
10
Dihybrid Crosses a cross that shows the possible
offspring for two traits
BbRr x BbRr
Fur Color B Black b White
Coat Texture R Rough r Smooth
11
How many of the offspring would have a black,
rough coat? How many of the offspring would have
a black, smooth coat? How many of the offspring
would have a white, rough coat? How many of the
offspring would have a white, smooth coat?
Fur Color B Black b White
Coat Texture R Rough r Smooth
12
How many of the offspring would have black, rough
coat? How many of the offspring would have a
black, smooth coat? How many of the offspring
would have a white, rough coat? How many of the
offspring would have a white, smooth coat?
Phenotypic Ratio 9331
Fur Color B Black b White
Coat Texture R Rough r Smooth
13
Practice in your notes
  • In pea plants, yellow seeds (Y) are dominant over
    green seeds (y), and rounded peas (R) are
    dominant over wrinkled peas (r).
  • Cross (what do you have to draw?) a plant that is
    heterozygous for both traits with a plant that is
    homozygous recessive for both traits. Draw a
    Punnett square to show all possible offspring,
    and determine the genotypic and phenotypic ratios.

14
YyRr X yyrr
15
More Practice
  • Work on the SpongeBob Dihybrid Cross worksheet.
    Turn it in at the end of class.

16
Mendelian Genetics Review Get with a
partner. Walk around the room and answer the
review questions with your partner. If you get
all the answers correct, you will get 1 extra
point on your quiz!
17
  • What is a genotype? The genes (letters) that
    determine a phenotype
  • A man is heterozygous for a trait. Will the
    dominant or recessive trait be expressed? Why?
    Dominant because dominant covers recessive
  • What does it mean if a woman is homozygous
    recessive? Using the letter B, write her
    genotype. Both of her genes are recessive (bb)
  • What is a phenotype? The physical characteristics
    of an organism

18
  1. Long eyelashes (E) are dominant to short
    eyelashes (e). A heterozygous woman is crossed
    with a homozygous man. What is the percent chance
    their offspring will have short eyelashes? (Must
    draw a Punnett square) 0 (see board)
  2. The offspring of two parents has a 100 chance of
    being homozygous recessive for blue eyes. If this
    is the case, what must the genotype be for both
    parents? bb
  3. What does homozygous mean? Write an example.
    Homozygous means the same letters are present Ex.
    BB or bb

19
  • What does heterozygous mean? Write an example.
    That the genes are different Ex. Bb
  • What does it mean if a gene is expressed? The
    phenotype for that gene is seen (dominant)
  • What does a dihybrid cross show? Genetic
    possibilities for 2 traits
  • What was Mendels predicted genotypic ratio for a
    typical dihybrid cross? 9331
  • Hazel eyes (H) are dominant to green eyes (h). A
    homozygous dominant man is crossed with a
    homozygous woman. What is the percent chance
    their offspring will have green eyes? (Must draw
    a Punnett square!) 100 (see board)
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