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Welcome Back! Philosophy of Religion 13 January 7th, 2014 Mr. Dezilva Attributes: The Nature of God God as: Eternal Omniscient Omnipotent Omnibenevolent The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Welcome%20Back!

Welcome Back!
  • Philosophy of Religion 13
  • January 7th, 2014
  • Mr. Dezilva

Attributes The Nature of God
  • God as
  • Eternal
  • Omniscient
  • Omnipotent
  • Omnibenevolent
  • The Philosophical problems that arise from these

Attributes contd
  • Boethius
  • The Consolations of Philosophy (Book V)
  • The views of Boethius on an Eternal and
    Omniscient God
  • Gods foreknowledge and how it relates to free
  • A Good God
  • Does a Good God reward and punish?
  • Gods Omnibenevolence
  • Euthyphro Dilemma Irenaeus
  • Morality (can it be linked to God?) Kants

Quick Note on A Good God
  • The Theodicy of Irenaeus
  • Lived 130 202
  • Helped form the New Testament (knew John of the
    Gospel Writers)
  • Focused on why God allows evil and suffering to
    have a place in the world.

In a nutshell - Irenaeus
  • Admitted that God appears to allow evil and
    suffering (and that they exists)
  • The world was deliberately created with a mixture
    of goodness and evil
  • This allows humans to grow, learn, and develop
    into a mature and free relationship with God.
  • There has to be evil in the world for us to be
    able to appreciate good
  • We were given freedom of choice, this includes
    the freedom to make bad choices.

Irenaeus contd
  • We were created in Gods own image God is free
    and can make free decisions.
  • God made us in his own image, but we have to grow
    into his likeness
  • Part of being good is an effort of will
  • But, why did God not make us in his own image and
    likeness right from the beginning
  • New born child example
  • Jonah and the Whale

Judeo-Christian Philosophy
  • Gods attributes are derived from the
    interweaving of Biblical ideas and concepts from
    Greek philosophers
  • Many ideas seen in this unit are a result of the
    Ancient Greek Philosophies studied in AS
  • I.e The Prime Mover, Demiurge, use of symbolism,
    myth, and analogy
  • An anthropomorphized God, an involved God, a
    distant God

Okay back to the round up
  • God as Eternal
  • Two types of Timelines for God
  • Atemporal
  • Sempiternal
  • Philosophical Problems
  • God limits his omniscience and omnipotence if
  • God limits his personal relationship, ability to
    change if Atemporal

  • Important Concepts and Thinkers
  • Aquinas The Man on the Hill
  • The Creation Story from Genesis
  • Boethiuss One Glance God
  • Process Theology
  • Swinburne ? God is everlasting

  • God as Omnipotent
  • Omnipotent refers to
  • God is all-powerful
  • God as Pantocrator
  • God as the Creator
  • Philosophical Problems
  • The Paradoxes of the Stone or Free Will Creature
  • An unpredictable and random God
  • Pieces on a Chessboard
  • Conflicts with Eternal God
  • Conflicts with Omnibenevolent God

  • Important Concepts and Thinkers
  • Descartes God can do the logically impossible
  • Aquinashe can do everything that is absolutely
    possible, everything that does not imply a
    contradiction is among those possibilities
  • AnselmA being that than which no greater can
    be conceived

  • Important Concepts and Thinkers contd
  • The Doctrine of Kenosis
  • John MacQuarrieGods limitations are self
    imposed Gods power is different to that of
    our own there is an element of unknowable
  • Biblical References
  • Sarah and Abraham
  • Who then can be saved?, Jesus says With man
    this is impossible, but with God all things are
    possible. Matthew 1923-26
  • Noahs Ark

  • God as Omniscient
  • Omniscience refers to
  • God as all-knowing
  • There is nothing that He cannot know
  • God has no false beliefs cannot be mistaken
  • Philosophical Problems
  • If God is even in the slightest not all knowing,
    then this affects his omnipotence omniscience
  • If God knew the future and all our moral
    decisions, do we have any real free will?
  • If he already knows the acts are going to occur,
    then what is the purpose of Gods
  • Furthermore, what is the purpose of morality? Is
    there such thing?

  • Important Concepts and Thinkers
  • Kants Morality Argument
  • Robot Programmer (General argument, not Kants)
  • Schleiermachers Close Friends Analogy
  • Swinburnes Sempiternal God
  • John Calvin and Calvinism

  • Boethius (Omniscience Eternity)
  • In Book V of Consolation of Philosophy, Boethius
    has a conversation with Lady Philosophy
  • Gods timeline is all in one no past present
    or future. BUT, is able to understand our daily
    occurrences completely, as they happen, but does
    not limit our free will

  • Philosophical Problems
  • If God knew the future, then he is wrong to
    reward us or punish us for our behavior
  • Yet the Bible teaches about divine reward and
    punishment very clearly
  • How can God know something that hasnt happened
    yet and is uncertain?
  • And if he does know then it makes the act
    inevitable and void of any moral conduct. Thus,
    making reward/punishment unfair.
  • Is God responsible for things that we do if he is
    all knowing and knows the act we will do?
  • And if he does know and it is unchangeable, then
    what is the point of asking God for change via

  • Important Concepts Themes
  • Boethiuss mistakeGod can see things in a
    different way from the way in which we see them
    because humans exists within time, God does not
    have the same time constraints we do. Because
    humans exist within time our pasts have
    happened, a present that is gone in an instant
    and futures which are uncertain. This uncertain
    future means that humans have free choice.
  • Gods One Glance Understanding
  • God is timeless, and while God can see our past,
    present and future he has perfect knowledge of
    what we will do.
  • In Advance
  • All events occur simultaneously in Gods eternal
    presence, therefore there is no in advance and
    it makes no sense to talk about what God will
    know in the future (or has in the past)

  • God as Omnibenevolent
  • Omnibenevolence refers to
  • All-Good God is perfectly good
  • An All-Loving God only capable of doing Good
  • God is love (1 John 48)
  • The Goodness of God
  • Philosophical Problems
  • The Problem of Evil
  • Analogical Love
  • Favouritism and Unjust Punishment (Dawkins)
  • Reward and Punishment
  • Natures everyday performances (Mill)

  • Important Concepts and Thinkers
  • Hesed (Old Testament)
  • Agape (New Testament)
  • God is the supreme standard of Goodness
  • William Alston
  • The Crucified God
  • Jurgen Moltmann
  • Gods love is an analogy
  • St. Thomas Aquinas
  • Platos Euthyphro Dilemma

Possible Exam Questions
  • Critically assess the traditional Christian
    concept of God being eternal.
  • If God is omnipotent, then he must be able to do
    absolutely anything. Discuss
  • If God knows all our moral choices in advance,
    then we cannot be justly blamed or rewarded for
    what we do. Discuss
  • If God knows what we are going to do, he has no
    right to reward the good and punish the wicked.
  • Discuss
  • Critically examine the use of myth as an
  • approach to understand the nature of God.
  • Critically assess the philosophical problems
  • raised by the belief that God is

OCR Questions
  • Critically assess the philosophical problems
    raised by belief that God is omniscient.
  • Boethius was successful in his argument that God
    rewards and punishes justly. Discuss.
  • Critically assess the problems for believers who
    say that God is omniscient.
  • Critically assess the view that the concept of
    miracle is inconsistent with belief in a
    benevolent God.
  • Assess the claim that the universe provides no
    evidence for the existence of an omnipotent God.
  • Evaluate the philosophical problems raised by the
    belief that God is eternal.

  • Plan an essay from last years exam paper
  • Evaluate the philosophical problems raised by the
    belief that God is eternal. 35
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