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Geography/Physical Features

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Geography/Physical Features Southeast Asia, Oceania, Antarctica Landforms and Resources Includes two Peninsulas Indochinese and Malay Peninsula. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geography/Physical Features


1
Geography/Physical Features
  • Southeast Asia, Oceania, Antarctica

2
Landforms and Resources
  • Includes two Peninsulas ? Indochinese and Malay
    Peninsula.
  • Includes more than 20,000 islands most of which
    are in archipelagos.
  • The mainland has several mountain ranges

3
  • Indochinese Peninsula
  • Malay Peninsula

4
  • Mountains on the islands are of volcanic origin.
  • Creates fertile soil for farming.
  • Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire
  • Pacific Oceans ring of volcanoes and
    earthquakes.
  • Mainland? Mekong River Valley important.

5
Pacific Ring of Fire
6
Mekong River
7
  • Oceania is the region of Pacific Islands.
  • Two types of islands include
  • High islands ? created by volcanoes
  • Low islands ? made from coral reef.

8
  • New Zealand is mountainous with rivers, fertile
    farmland, and forest.
  • Australia is flat and rich in minerals.
  • Great Barrier Reef is one of the largest coral
    reefs in the world off of Australia.
  • Antarctica is centered around the South Pole and
    has a varied landscape including possible
    resources.

9
New Zealand
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Australia
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The Great Barrier Reef
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Antarctica
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21
Climate and Vegetation
  • Tropical wet climate in the coastal parts of SE
    Asia.
  • Temperatures are high.
  • Elevation affects temperature.

22
  • SE Asia has the greatest diversities of
    vegetation of any region.
  • 1/3 of Australia is desert that the locals call
    The Outback.
  • Antarctica is considered a polar desert due to
    the lack of moisture it receives.

23
Human-Environment Interaction
  • Pacific Islanders developed technology to travel
    the Pacific.
  • Handmade charts, the voyaging canoe and the
    outrigger canoe were used.
  • European colonizers brought rabbits to Australia
    that grazed crops.

24
Voyaging Canoe
25
Outrigger canoe
26
  • Bikini Atoll was the site of U.S. atomic weapons
    tests.
  • 1951-1958 U.S. held over 60 explosions that
    vaporized several islands and contaminated the
    entire area with radiation.

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  • Islanders became sick or died.
  • Bikini islanders remained exiled from their
    homeland.
  • No one knows when Bikini Atoll will be suitable
    for human life.
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