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Popular Culture in American History

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Title: Popular Culture in American History Author: Ben Last modified by: A034517 Created Date: 10/22/2010 4:23:30 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Popular Culture in American History


1
Popular Culture in American History
  • By Kameko Bloking

2
Native Cultures
  • In Teotihuacan society (around 100 B.C.E.) it was
    religiously controlled.
  • Agriculture was an important part of society,
    along with hunting/ gathering. Hunting- men,
    gathering- women
  • Inventions like the Clovis and the Folsom helped
    early hunters to hunt their food with better
    accuracy.
  • Folsom and Plano hunters would corner groups of
    animals for a slaughter
  • The Aztecs had strong religious rituals,
    sacrificing people atop grand pyramids brutally

3
Natives con.
  • Clans were responsible for different social,
    political, or ritual functions. They became
    important to binding the people of different
    communities together to form tribes.
  • Tribes were led by a leader or chief from an
    honored clan, had a council of elders, who were
    also clan leaders
  • Divorce in Indian society was easy. The couple
    just separated
  • Women were allowed to use herbs to prevent
    pregnancy. This being a form of birth control
  • Vision quest were used for men and women to find
    out personal protective spirits
  • Agrarian Tradition was ritual festivals to
    celebrate fertility and the annual change of
    seasons
  • Cherokee leaders were either men or women
  • Cherokee men moved into the wifes home not the
    other way around

4
Europeans 1400s
  • In Europe divorce was almost unknown
  • Society was set up in feudalism
  • Europeans were very religiously intolerant of
    others. Jews were kicked out of England in 1290,
    France in 1394, and Spain in 1492.

5
Reasons for Exploration - 1600s
  • The Portuguese were the first to star exploring.
    Prince Henry the Navigator helped to start the
    exploration craze that would soon follow.
  • The spice trade was in full swing and people
    wanted to find shorter routes to India and
    elsewhere to make trade quicker
  • Military service sent many men over to the New
    World
  • Many people had a greediness for finding gold,
    which helped send more people over to the
    Americas

6
Spanish Treatment of Natives
  • When the Spanish arrived in the New World they
    set up a caste system
  • Spanish explorers enforced Christianity upon the
    Natives
  • Old World disease
  • Spanish created forts around Floridas coast
  • Indians didnt want to convert to Christianity
  • Indians forced into slavery

7
English Settlement
  • Most English settlers survived off the help of
    Indian cultures
  • Tobacco was grown and became a major trading
    item. The trading of tobacco with the European
    countries gave the English settlers the ability
    to have more money, helping them survive
  • English settlers brought families
  • English excluded Indians
  • The New England colonies were the protestant
    dissenters
  • Men did field work, women worked the household
  • Couples were allowed to lay in bed wrapped in an
    apron so they could cuddle without having sex
  • South Carolina started a large-scale slave trade

8
Slaves and Slavery
  • Increase in wanting of plantations
  • Increase in tobacco use
  • The Spanish would free slaves if slaves converted
    to Catholicism
  • The reason the north becomes anti-slavery is due
    to the Society of Friends
  • Slave couples married when a female became
    pregnant
  • Performed amongst themselves
  • Jumping over broomsticks
  • The Great Awakening conversion of slaves to
    Christianity
  • Burial rituals, performed at night. Slaves danced
    around counterclockwise and sang
  • There was a mixed dialect between Guinea and
    English
  • Slave conjurers and herbalists led to common
    culture with southerners
  • Brought spicy food
  • Slaves showed resistance in their spirit

9
Indians - 1700s
  • Active in European fur trade
  • Movement westward scared them
  • Side with French due to fear of British
  • Started using horses
  • Moved to the plains

10
Spanish
  • St. Augustine was seen as a refuge for slaves
  • Cattle ranching and farming
  • Had vineyards, orchards, adobes, and stone
    churches
  • Religion wasnt private

11
French
  • Government combo of church and state
  • Used Indians for expansion
  • Plantations were the most profitable
  • Wives limited themselves to 2 or 3 kids
  • Arranged marriage, occasional polygamy
  • Women easy to divorce, enjoyed property rights

12
New England
  • All the colonies except for Rhode Island were
    Puritan
  • Church ran the towns through the governors and
    representatives elected
  • Puritans- freedom and repression
  • Society of Friends found women equal and allowed
    preaching from them
  • The Indian fears and resentments started many
    warfare like situations
  • The southern rice plantations dominated

13
Road to Revolution
  • British troops appeared cruel to the colonists
  • The Seven Years War helped build colonial
    identity
  • Republicanism
  • Sons and Daughters of Liberty
  • Poetry to get women to help
  • Idea of American Independence

14
War of Independence
  • The British had the best army and navy during
    this period
  • Close range fighting
  • Patriots were worried about acting like the
    British
  • Women managed the farms and businesses
  • 1/5 of colonists remained loyal to the crown,
    they were also attacked by patriots

15
Development of a Nation
  • Articles of Confederation created - later
    replaced
  • Paper currency
  • Treaty of Paris signed in 1783
  • The Great Compromise allowed strong national
    government and still providing roles for the
    states
  • Anti-federalists
  • Bill of Rights

16
Politics
  • Washington elected 1st president
  • Washington followed the Constitution to the best
    of his abilities
  • Judiciary Act of 1789 set up federal courts
  • Details of Jays Treaty caused much public debate
  • Federalists and Republicans/Democrats were the
    political parties formed
  • John Adams elected 2nd President
  • You could be fined or imprisoned if you wrote,
    spoke, or published anything that was false,
    scandalous, and malicious against the government
    and its officials
  • Political readings were popular

17
Art, Literature, and Education late 1700s
  • Benjamin West first American to achieve
    worldwide prominence in the artistic world
  • There was a sense of nationalism in architecture
  • Due to about 90 of Americans being readers,
    publications and bookstores were developing
    everywhere
  • Growing demand for books women want to read
  • Girls started to attend school with boys

18
1800s
  • In the 1800s the US was mostly rural and
    agricultural
  • Most Americans clothes were made by the women in
    their families
  • The cotton gin invented in 1793
  • Jefferson elected 3rd president
  • Jefferson believed in the self-governing citizen
  • The Louisiana Purchase 1803
  • Jefferson tried to help the Indians in the west
    by teaching them white ways
  • James Madison elected 4th President
  • War of 1812 slowed western expansion, but it
    resumed in 1815 after the war
  • Organized religion was important in westward
    expansion
  • John Quincy Adams elected 5th President
  • Slavery was central to the future of the nation.

19
Abigail Adams
  • Wrote to her husband on issues surrounding the
    American struggle for independence and the
    structure of the new republic
  • Promoted the idea of men and women being equal
    partners instead of men dominating women

20
The Indians that sacrificed atop grand pyramids
brutally were ____
  • Aztecs

21
When was Louisiana purchased?
  • 1803

22
The Great Awakening was
  • Renewal of religion

23
Quakers are also known as
  • The Society of Friends

24
Which American colony WASNT Puritan?
  • Rhode Island

25
How were hunters and gathers separated?
  • Men hunted, women gathered

26
What percent of American read in the late 1700s?
  • 90
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