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Aztecs, Incas

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Title: Aztecs, Incas


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(No Transcript)
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Aztecs, Incas Myans 1
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South America
4
Vocabulary
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Latin/America
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Mexico
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Misc.
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Aztec, Inca, Myan
South America
Vocabulary
Latin America
Mexico
Misc.
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The Aztec use of the calendar and the
Maya writing system both illustrate that
pre-Columbian cultures in the Americas 1. traded
extensively with Africa 2. flourished prior to
European contact 3. declined because of invasion
and disease 4. converted others to Islam
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2. Flourished prior to European contact own
country
11
Base your answer to the question on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
At Tenochtitln, the Aztecs perfected an unusual
method of farming. They built huge rafts, covered
them with earth, and floated them on the lake. On
these chinampas, or floating islands, they grew
enough maize and vegetables to feed their
expanding population comfortably. Eventually,
roots from the tree rafts attached themselves to
the bottom of the shallow lake to become
permanent foundations for buildings. Lois
Athey Which conclusion is best supported by
the information in this passage? 1. The Aztecs
terraced the land. 2. Large plantations provided
food for the markets. 3. The Aztecs were limited
to subsistence farming. 4. Environmental
adaptation aided economic development.

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4. Environmental adaptation aided
economic development.
13
What was one reason the Spanish conquistadors
were able to conquer the Aztec Empire? 1. The
Spanish soldiers made effective use of their
military technology against the Aztecs. 2. Aztec
religious beliefs promoted nonviolence. 3. Spain
joined the Incas in their fight against the
Aztecs. 4. The Spanish cavalry outnumbered the
Aztec warriors.
14
1. The Spanish soldiers made effective use of
their military technology against the Aztecs.
15
A study of Aztec, Maya, and Inca agricultural
systems would show that these civilizations 1.
relied on mechanized agricultural techniques 2.
carried on extensive food trade with each
other 3. adapted to their environments with
creative farming techniques 4. relied on a
single-crop economy
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3. adapted to their environments with creative
farming techniques
17
The location of the Inca civilization of
South America demonstrates the 1. importance of
trade with western Europe 2. ability of humans to
adapt the environment 3. influence of cultural
diversity 4. complexity of indigenous belief
systems
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2. ability of humans to adapt the environment
19
In colonial Spanish America, which system was
developed by the Spanish to support plantation
agriculture? 1. barter 3. domestic 2. encomienda
4. guild
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2. encomienda
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After contact with Europeans in the
1500s, millions of native peoples in the Americas
died as a result of 1. new foods, which the
native peoples could not digest 2. religious
persecution resulting from the Spanish
Inquisition 3. new diseases to which the native
peoples had no natural immunity 4. slavery and
the terrible conditions on their sea journey to
Europe
22
3. new diseases to which the native peoples
had no natural immunity
23
A study of the achievements of pre-Columbian Mesoa
merican cultures would show that they 1.
sustained dense populations through
intensive agriculture 2. engaged in an extensive
exploration of the Pacific Ocean 3. built
vehicles with wheels to transport goods 4.
developed rice paper and wood-block printing
24
1. sustained dense populations through intensive
agriculture
25
The destruction of the rain forests in
Latin America is primarily due to the 1. diseases
carried by insects 2. wildfires occurring during
dry seasons 3. devastation caused by high winds
during the tropical storm season 4. demand for
timber, farmland, and grazing land
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4. demand for timber, farmland, and grazing land
27
Which of these situations was the direct
result of the other three? 1. Nations of Latin
America won independence. 2. Revolutions occurred
in North America and France. 3. The Napoleonic
wars weakened Spains power. 4. Creoles and
mestizos became discontented with Spanish rule.
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1. Nations of Latin America won independence.
29
Which was a characteristic of the policy
of mercantilism followed by Spanish colonial
rulers in Latin America? 1. The colonies were
forced to develop local industries to support
themselves. 2. Spain sought trade agreements
between its colonies and the English colonies in
North America. 3. The colonies were required to
provide raw materials to Spain and to purchase
Spanish manufactured goods. 4. Spain encouraged
the colonies to develop new political systems to
meet colonial needs.
30
3. The colonies were required to provide
raw materials to Spain and to purchase
Spanish manufactured goods.
31
What was one effect of the Columbian exchange on
European society? 1. Migration to the Americas
declined. 2. Horses were acquired for the first
time. 3. The population increased with
the introduction of new foods. 4. The Christian
Church was divided into Roman Catholic and
Orthodox.
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3. The population increased with the introduction
of new foods.
33
Which statement demonstrates a major characteristi
c of mercantilism in colonial Latin America? 1.
Colonies developed local industries to compete
with Spain. 2. Spanish colonies traded freely
with English colonies. 3. Spain instituted
democratic governments in its colonies. 4.
Colonies were a source of raw materials for Spain.
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4. Colonies were a source of raw materials
for Spain.
35
One way in which Toussaint LOuverture, Simn
Bolvar, and Jos de San Martn are similar is that
they all were 1. supporters of mercantile
policies 2. leaders of independence movements 3.
democratically elected leaders 4. industrial
labor reformers
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2. leaders of independence movements
37
Juarez Defeats French Troops in Mexico Bolvar
Leads Revolutions in South America San Martin
Liberates Argentina These newspaper headlines
refer to the emergence of 1. colonialism 3.
Marxism 2. nationalism 4. mercantilism
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2. nationalism
39
During the colonial period in Latin America, a
major reason for the importation of Africans as
slaves was the 1. scarcity of native Indian
labor 2. development of subsistence farming 3.
need for skilled industrial workers 4. desire to
promote Christianity
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1. scarcity of native Indian labor
41
A lasting result of colonial rule in many
Latin American nations has been the 1.
elimination of national debts 2. control of power
by wealthy landowners 3. decrease in the power of
the Catholic Church 4. creation of industrial
economics
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2. control of power by wealthy landowners
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In many Latin American nations, an
important objective of land reform programs is
to 1. transfer ownership of land to wealthy
people 2. put more land under government
ownership 3. turn farms toward subsistence
agriculture 4. distribute the land more equitably
44
4. distribute the land more equitably
45
The struggles for political independence in Latin
America during the early 1800s were most directly
influenced by the 1. Berlin Conference 2.
doctrine of liberation theology 3. American and
French Revolutions 4. writings of Count Camillo
di Cavour
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3. American and French Revolutions
47
Which has been an important factor that has
discouraged investment in the economic
development of many Latin American nations? 1.
lack of natural resources 2. history of colonial
dependence 3. declining birth rate 4. political
instability
48
4. political instability
49
Which is a valid statement about
land distribution in many Central American
nations? 1. The Spanish distributed land equally
among the people. 2. The largest amount of land
is owned by the smallest number of families. 3.
The largest amount of land is owned by
the largest number of families. 4. The government
owns most of the land in the name of the people.
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2. The largest amount of land is owned by the
smallest number of families.
51
Which condition is most closely associated with
Mexico between 1910 and 1930? 1. revolutions and
political instability 2. establishment of a state
religion 3. rapid industrialization by locally
owned corporations 4. widespread support for
foreign intervention
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1. revolutions and political instability
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  • Which issue has raised significant
  • environmental concerns in the Amazon Basin?
  • desertification
  • deforestation
  • tsunami threats
  • 4. acid rain

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2. deforestation
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The Columbian exchange is most closely associated
with the beginnings of 1. mercantilism 3. mass
production 2. humanism 4. scientific socialism
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1. mercantilism
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The major reason the Mexican Government strongly
supported the North American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA) was that this agreement would 1. raise
tariffs on United States products entering
Mexico 2. reduce Mexicos economic dependence on
Europe 3. promote investment and economic growth
in Mexico 4. stimulate trade between Asia and
Latin America
58
3. promote investment and economic growth in
Mexico
59
Why is Catholicism a major religion practiced in
Latin America? 1. Spain conquered and colonized
much of Latin America. 2. Disputes over
international boundaries within Latin America
were settled by the pope. 3. The traditional
beliefs of Africans were incorporated into the
cultures of Latin America. 4. The Church provided
Latin America with a strong central government.
60
1. Spain conquered and colonized much of Latin
America.
61
The encomienda system in colonial Latin America
led to the 1. use of forced labor 2.
establishment of trade unions 3. increase in
landownership by Native Americans 4. weakening of
the power of peninsulares
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1. use of forced labor
63
In announcing the Monroe Doctrine,
President Monroe aimed to 1. protect United
States interests in the Pacific Ocean 2. block
Cuban expansion in Africa 3. increase United
States influence in European affairs 4. prevent
European nations from establishing new colonies
in the Western Hemisphere
64
4. prevent European nations from establishing new
colonies in the Western Hemisphere
65
The main purpose of the European Union (EU) and
the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
is to 1. reduce the spread of nuclear weapons 2.
address the problem of international
political corruption 3. increase educational
opportunities for underdeveloped nations 4.
stimulate economic growth for participating countr
ies
66
4. stimulate economic growth for participating
countries
67
Which environmental issue most concerns Central
Africa, the Amazon River Basin, and the
Malay Peninsula? 1. nuclear contamination 3.
overpopulation 2. desertification 4. deforestation
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4. deforestation
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