VHF RADIO - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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VHF RADIO

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VHF RADIO VHF = Very High Frequency A vital piece of safety equipment Clear, static-free messages 20-30 miles 24-hour contact with Coast Guard Contact other boats and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: VHF RADIO


1
VHF RADIO
  • VHF Very High Frequency
  • A vital piece of safety equipment
  • Clear, static-free messages 20-30 miles
  • 24-hour contact with Coast Guard
  • Contact other boats and shore stations
  • 24-hour source of weather information

2
USE YOUR VHF RADIO LEGALLY
  • Distress Calls Danger to life and property
  • Safety Calls Avoiding collision, safety
    bulletins
  • Operational Calls Obtaining navigational
    information, supplies, accommodations, repairs
    arranging to meet other boats.
  • Public Correspondence with shore public
    telephone

3
CHANNEL 16 - DISTRESS, SAFETY AND CALLING
  • If you have your radio on, you must monitor
    channel 16
  • ( In Coast Guard District 1, Channel 09 may also
    used)
  • All boats monitoring this channel insures that
    distress messages will be heard

4
SPECIAL RADIO WORDS
  • Affirmative You are correct
  • Negative No
  • Out I am through talking
  • Over I am through talking I expect a reply
  • Roger I received your last call OK

5
EMERGENCY CALLSTHE DISTRESS SIGNALMAYDAY
  • For assistance when there is immediate danger to
    life and property
  • Examples
  • Life-threatening medical emergencies
  • Boat sinking
  • Boat on fire

6
EMERGENCY CALLSTHE URGENCY CALLPAN-PAN
  • For assistance when the danger does not warrant a
    MAYDAY call
  • Examples
  • Running out of fuel
  • Lost in a fog
  • Unable to control or operate vessel

7
EMERGENCY CALLSTHE SAFETY SIGNALSECURITE
  • For navigation safety messages
  • Examples
  • Weather Alerts
  • Operational signals - backing out of a slip,
    approaching a blind bend
  • To report a navigational hazard, such as a sunken
    object in a busy channel

8
EMERGENCY CALLSINFORMATION VITAL FOROBTAINING
ASSISTANCE
  • Your location
  • The nature of your distress
  • Description of your boat
  • Number of persons aboard
  • (Any injured)
  • Seaworthiness of your boat

9
RECREATIONAL BOAT VHF CHANNELS
  • 06 Ship to ship safety
  • 13 Navigational safety - ship to ship, locks
    and bridges
  • 16 Distress, safety, calling
  • 09 Alternative calling channel - ship to ship,
    ship to coast
  • 22 Communication with Coast Guard after
    contacting on channel 16 for receiving
  • CG safety information
  • 68, 69, 71, 72, 78 - Working channels

10
Additional VHF Channels
11
MARKAN AID TO NAVIGATION YOU SEE WHILE BOATING
  • TWO CATEGORIES OF MARKS
  • Lateral Marks
  • Marks starboard and port sides of a route
  • Non-Lateral Marks
  • Supplemental aids having no lateral significance

12
IDENTIFICATION OF MARKS
  • In Daylight
  • Shapes
  • Colors
  • Numbers or letters
  • Sounds
  • At Night
  • Light color and patterns
  • Sounds

Always Locate Marks On Your Chart
13
TYPES OF MARKS
  • BUOYS
  • Floating marks anchored at specific locations
  • BEACONS
  • Fixed marks permanently fastened
  • to the earths surface

14
BUOYS
  • Floating Aids
  • Various shapes and colors
  • Position approximate
  • Identified by
  • Number, letters, sound devices and lights
  • Chart symbol
  • diamond with a small position circle
  • Magenta disc around position circle, if lighted

15
BEACONS
  • Permanently fixed to Earth's surface
  • Examples
  • Lighthouses
  • Daybeacons
  • Identified by
  • Numbers, letters, sound devices, lights
  • Chart symbols
  • Unlighted - small triangle or square
  • Lighted - magenta flare ?
  • with a black position dot

16
The 3-R Rule Red - Right - Returning
  • When Returning from sea, keep red side-of-channel
    marks to your starboard
  • Returning is
  • Entering a harbor or bay from the open ocean
  • Traveling up a river from the sea
  • Traveling clockwise around the U.S. along its
    coastline
  • South along the Atlantic coast
  • West along the Gulf coast
  • North along the Pacific coast

17
TYPES OFSOUND SIGNALS
18
The General Rule of Responsibility
  • You must comply with The Rules
  • You must take every precaution required by the
    ordinary practice of good seamanship to avoid
    immediate danger, including collision.
  • Precaution may include departing from the rules.

19
Definition of Terms
  • Sailing Vessel
  • Under sail only
  • Power-Driven Vessel
  • Propelled by machinery
  • Give-Way Vessel
  • Must stay out of another vessels way
  • Stand-On Vessel
  • Not required to get out of the way,
    but must always avoid collision
  • Underway
  • Not at anchor, made fast to shore,
    or aground

20
Definition of Terms
  • Restricted Visibility
  • Any condition in which visibility is restricted
  • Vessel Not Under Command
  • Unable to maneuver as required by The Rules due
    to special circumstances, and therefore unable to
    keep out of the way of another vessel
  • Vessel Restricted in Ability to Maneuver
  • Unable to maneuver due to the nature of her work
    and unable to keep out of the way of another
    vessel

21
Steering and Sailing Rules
  • Apply in Three General Situations
  • Vessels in any condition of visibility
  • Vessels in sight of one another
  • Vessels in restricted visibility

22
Steering and Sailing RulesIn Any Condition of
Visibility
  • Lookout
  • You must maintain a lookout at all times
  • You must be alert for other boats
  • Your lookout must be qualified and have
    no other duties
  • Safe Speed
  • You must always proceed at safe speed

23
Steering and Sailing RulesIn Any Condition of
Visibility
  • Proceeding in Narrow Channels
  • Keep as near to the outer edge of a channel that
    lies to your starboard side as is safe and
    practical
  • Do not impede vessels that can safely navigate
    only within a narrow channel
  • Rounding a Bend
  • Navigate with alertness and caution
  • Sound warning signals

24
Steering and Sailing RulesIn Any Condition of
Visibility
  • Vessel Priority
  • (Except where required otherwise)
  • Vessels not under command
  • Vessels restricted in maneuverability
  • Vessels engaged in fishing
  • Power-driven vessels

25
Steering and Sailing RulesVessels in Sight of
One Another
  • Vessel Overtaking
  • The overtaking vessel must give-way
  • The vessel being overtaken must stand-on
  • The overtaking vessel, with proper signal, may
    pass on either side

26
Steering and Sailing RulesVessels in Sight of
One Another
  • Powerboats Meeting Head-On
  • Neither vessel has priority of movement
  • Both must take action to avoid collision
  • Vessels, with proper signal, may pass on either
    side

27
Steering and Sailing RulesVessels in Sight of
One Another
  • Powerboats Crossing
  • A power-driven vessel seeing another vessel
    crossing off its starboard side is the give-way
    vessel
  • The crossing vessel is the stand-on vessel, but
    must always take action to avoid collision

28
Steering and Sailing RulesVessels In Sight Of
One Another
Stand-On Vessel
Wind on starboard side
Give-Way Vessel
Wind on port side
Sailing vessels approaching one another each with
wind on a different side
29
Steering and Sailing RulesVessels In Sight Of
One Another
Give-Way Vessel
Stand-On Vessel
Sailing vessels approaching one another both
with wind on the same side
30
Steering and Sailing RulesVessels in Restricted
Visibility
  • Proceed at a safe speed
  • Display running lights
  • Sound proper sound signals
  • Post lookouts and listen for
    other vessels

31
Maneuvering and Warning Signals
Short Blast - 1 Sec Prolonged
Blast - 4-6 Sec
  • Meeting, Overtaking, Crossing
  • I intend to pass you on my port side
  • 1 short
  • I intend to pass you on my starboard
  • 2 short
  • Operating Astern Propulsion
  • 3 short
  • Approaching a Blind Channel Bend or Departing a
    Dock or Mooring
  • 1 prolonged
  • DANGER SIGNAL
  • 5 or more short

32
Signals for Vessels at Anchor in Restricted
Visibility
33
Signals for Vessels Underway in Restricted
Visibility
34
Know the Lights on Large Vessels
Especially tugs and tows! IT COULD SAVE YOUR
LIFE! Dont recognize the light you see? STAY
AWAY! KEEP YOUR DISTANCE!
35
Mounting a Cleat with a Backing Block
Cleat
Deck
Backing Block
Apply caulking to the bolt holes between the
deck and cleat before tightening
36
TOWING TECHNIQUES
Stern cleats with backing
Transom Eyebolts

Tow
Bow Eye
Towing
Bridle around boat
37
Man Overboard RecoveryProcedures
  • Shout Man Overboard
  • Toss out a life preserver
  • Keep victim in sight
  • Stop forward motion and turn back to victim
  • Approach victim against wind/waves

38
Operating in Restricted Visibility
  • Reduce speed
  • Sound proper signals
  • Life jackets on all aboard
  • Post lookouts bow an stern
  • Navigation lights on
  • Listen for other boats
  • Determine position

39
Reacting to a Collision
  • Account for crews - both boats
  • Give first aid if needed
  • Call for help if needed
  • Estimate your position
  • Life jackets on all aboard
  • Make emergency repairs if needed
  • Report accident as required
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