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Fashion Through the Last 100 Years

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Title: Fashion Through the Last 100 Years


1
  • Fashion Through the Last 100 Years
  • Who and What has influenced fashion???

2
Historical events of the time
1910 - 1919
  • Trend Feminine hemlines were floor-length to
    above the ankle
  • Silhouette Softer, fluid lines straighter
    skirts, easy movement corsets were no longer in
    fashion
  • Fabrics Gossamer, silk
  • Colors Pastels vivid, bright, and bold colors
    made by new dyeing techniques
  • Designers Paul Poiret, Jeanne Paquin
  • 1910 Ballets Russes perform in Paris, inspiring
    Asian-influenced harem pants, kimonos, and
    turbans (black and white photo)
  • 1912 Sinking of the Titanic (typical fashion
    worn by women at that time is shown above right)
  • 1914-1918 World War I skirts rise to mid-calf,
    colors get darker and monochromatic, and clothes
    become practical for women to work in (bottom
    left picture)
  • 1916 First issue of Vogue

3
Historical events of the time
1920s
  • Trend Sporty, athletic short, bob hairstyle
    sleeveless dresses knee-length hemlines high
    heels cloche hats costume jewelry
  • Silhouette Straight lines waist is lowered to
    hip on dresses no defined waistline diagonal
    hems
  • Fabrics Cotton, knits, jersey, tweeds, fringe,
    beading
  • Colors Bold color combinations solid shades
    geometric patterns
  • Designers Coco Chanel, Jean Patou
  • 1920 Women are granted the right to vote,
    leading to more independence
  • 1923 Flapper style becomes popular when short
    skirts are necessary for dancing the Charleston
  • 1926 Coco Chanel creates the little black
    dress which becomes one of the most essential
    pieces in fashion
  • 1929 Stock market crashes, leading to the Great
    Depression

4
Historical events of the time
1930s
  • Trend Feminine menswear-inspired mid-calf
    hemlines sportswear pant suits backless gowns
    wedge heels
  • Silhouette Clean lines cinched in waist narrow
    hips broad shoulders triangular shape
  • Fabrics Bias-cut silk, gabardine, chiffon
    pleats and draping
  • Colors Muted colors and refined, elegant shades
  • Designers Elsa Schiaparelli, Charles James
  • 1930 the Great Depression begins a time of
    hardship, bad economy, and unemployment
  • 1931 Empire State Building is completed,
    showcasing the trend of Art Deco design
  • 1937 Amelia Earhart vanishes (masculine style
    clothes are inspired by her)
  • 1939 World War II begins

5
Historical events of the time
1940s
  • Trend Fabric shortage caused shorter hemlines
    shirtdresses thick heels mix and match styles
    military-look
  • Silhouette A-line skirts straight skirts
    feminine shapes square shoulders
  • Fabrics Gingham, denim, mix and match patterns
    using older clothes to make new clothes
  • Colors Patriotic colors, navy, gray, and brown
  • Designers Claire McCardell, Christian Dior
  • 1940 1945 Women work outside the home while
    men are fighting war practical clothes are in
    style
  • 1942 T-shirt is introduced
  • 1945 World War II ends women go back to being
    homemakers housework-inspired clothes are in
    style
  • 1946 Bikinis are introduced

6
Historical events of the time
1950s
  • Trend Retro fashion of the early 1900s
    feminine cocktail dresses bolero jackets
    pencil skirts petticoat skirts Capri pants
    ballerina flats stiletto heels gloves
  • Silhouette Hour glass shape cinched in waist,
    flared skirt, soft shoulders
  • Fabrics Taffeta, wools, gazar silk
  • Colors Pastels, grays, muted shades and jewel
    tones
  • Designers Valentino, Cristobal Balenciaga
  • 1951 Color TV is introduced
  • 1954 Chanel introduces her famous black
    collarless suit jacket and skirt with gold chain
    trim
  • 1955 Disneyland opens
  • 1959 Barbie is introduced

7
Historical events of the time
1960s
  • Trend Early 60s a-lines and pencil skirts,
    Jackie Kennedy style Mid 60s Mod, miniskirts
    Late 60s hippie, relaxed clothes
  • Silhouette Straight line, waistless shift
    trapeze dress bell sleeves
  • Fabrics Geometric patterns, cotton, jersey,
    wool, crochet
  • Colors Pales, black, white, bright, bold,
    tie-dye, neon
  • Designers Mary Quant, Pierre Cardin, Laura
    Ashley, Pucci
  • 1963 John F. Kennedy is assassinated ending
    Camelot era and Jackie Kennedy fashion
  • 1964 Beatles become popular in U.S., starting
    London style and Mod fashion
  • 1969 First man on moon Woodstock sparks hippie
    fashion

8
Historical events of the time
1970s
  • Trend Bell bottom pants platform shoes wrap
    dresses gaucho pants Annie Hall menswear look
  • Silhouette A-line skirts body- draping clothes
    above-the-knee to mid-calf hemlines softer
    shapes
  • Fabrics Plaids, polyester, rayon, jersey, tweed,
    wool
  • Colors Patriotic colors (honoring bicentennial)
    pastels bright, shimmery satins muted tweeds
    for work
  • Designers Ralph Lauren, Halston, Gucci, Diane
    Von Furstenberg
  • 1970 Beatles break up
  • 1973 DVF creates first wrap dress
  • 1975 Microsoft founded
  • 1977 Star Wars premieres

9
Historical events of the time
  • Trend Preppie look pop music styles retro
    fashion of the 1950s cocktail dresses acid wash
    jeans, designer jeans big hair balloon skirts
    crop tops exercise wear (bicycle shorts,
    legwarmers) ballerina flats leggings tunics
    big sweaters pumps
  • Silhouette Bulky top with skinny bottom
    shoulder pads tight jeans shorter hemlines
    feminine 1950s hour glass shape
  • Fabrics Taffeta, tulle, lycra, rayon, denim,
    sequins, knits
  • Colors Neons, brights, jewel tones, bold, black
  • Designers Donna Karan, Betsey Johnson, Perry
    Ellis, Calvin Klein

1980s
  • 1981 Royal Wedding of Lady Diana and Prince
    Charles
  • 1982 Michael Jackson releases Thriller
  • 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident
  • 1987 Stock Market crashes
  • 1989 Berlin wall comes down

10
Historical events of the time
1990s
  • Trend crop tops baggy jeans tapered leg jeans
    floral dresses boyfriend blazers palazzo pants
    grunge style lumberjack shirts overalls
    platform tennis shoes
  • Silhouette Baggy top with small bottom or small
    top with baggy bottom long, slender shapes
    flowing lines
  • Fabrics Cotton, denim, knits, flannel, spandex
  • Colors dark, muted floral patterns plaid
    color block monochromatic black
  • Designers Giani Versace, Marc Jacobs, Michael
    Kors, Tom Ford
  • 1991 Collapse of the Soviet Union
  • 1992 Official end of the Cold War
  • 1993 Internet is widely used
  • 1994 Kurt Cobain dies, ending Grunge era
  • 1997 Princess Diana dies

11
Historical events of the time
2000 - 2010
  • Trend Vintage and Retro fashion long lines from
    the 1930s, nautical look from 1930s and 1940s,
    shirtdresses from 1940s and 1970s, bohemian
    skirts and tops from 1970s skinny jeans and
    tunics from 1980s
  • Silhouette long, lean straight skirts short
    skirts tapered legs on pants feminine and
    masculine shapes
  • Fabrics Cotton, knits, jersey, khaki, linen,
    rayon vintage clothes
  • Colors All colors from muted and pale to bold
    and neon
  • Designers Alexander McQueen, Vivienne Westwood,
    Alexander Wang, Stella McCartney, classic and
    vintage
  • 2001 Attacks on World Trade Center
  • 2003 War in Iraq begins
  • 2005 Hurricane Katrina
  • 2008 Obama is elected first African American
    President
  • 2010 Alexander McQueen dies
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