Basic%20Critical%20Thinking%20Skills - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Basic%20Critical%20Thinking%20Skills

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Basic Critical Thinking Skills Essentials of Clear Thinking: Claims and Issues Notes on Claims A claim is a statement that is either true or false, though this cannot ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Basic%20Critical%20Thinking%20Skills


1
Basic Critical Thinking Skills
  • Essentials of Clear Thinking
  • Claims and Issues

2
Notes on Claims
  • A claim is a statement that is either true or
    false, though this cannot always be determined at
    any particular time.

3
Notes on Claims
  • A claim is a statement that is either true or
    false, though this cannot always be determined at
    any particular time.

Claim Al Gore received a majority of the popular
vote in the 2000 election. Claim Unprotected sex
will kill you. Claim God loves us. Not a claim
Got milk?
4
Notes on Claims
  • A claim is a statement that is either true or
    false, though this cannot always be determined at
    any particular time.
  • Claims about matters of opinion are either
    truthful or not.
  • A claim in Subjective if it depends on what
    someone thinks, believes, or feels.
  • Subjective claims use personal standards.
  • Objective claims are not subjective
  • Objective claims use impersonal standards

5
Notes on Claims
  • A claim is a statement that is either true or
    false, though this cannot always be determined at
    any particular time.
  • Claims about matters of opinion are either
    truthful or not.

That color looks really good on you. One should
always tell the truth.
6
Notes on Claims
  • A claim is a statement that is either true or
    false, though this cannot always be determined at
    any particular time.
  • Claims about matters of opinion are either
    truthful or not.
  • Accepting a claim means taking it as true.

7
Notes on Claims
  • A claim is a statement that is either true or
    false, though this cannot always be determined at
    any particular time.
  • Claims about matters of opinion are either
    truthful or not.
  • Accepting a claim means taking it as true.
  • Rejecting a claim and suspending judgment both
    evaluate logically to FALSE.

8
About claims and issues...
  • Vague Sentence
  • A vague sentence is ambiguous if there are just
    two or very few ways to understand a sentence.

Girls are just as good as boys. It is cold
outside.
Zoe saw the waiter with the glasses.
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