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Chapter 11 the age of reformation

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The English Reformation Henry VIII ruled England from 1509-1547. Major religious advisors: Cardinal Thomas Wolsey Sir Thomas More Thomas Cranmer Thomas Cromwell ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 11 the age of reformation


1
Chapter 11the age of reformation
  • The English Reformation

2
King henry VIII
  • Henry VIII ruled England from 1509-1547.
  • Major religious advisors
  • Cardinal Thomas Wolsey
  • Sir Thomas More
  • Thomas Cranmer
  • Thomas Cromwell

Portrait of King Henry VIII by Hans Holbein the
Younger
3
Henry viii
  • First wife is Catherine of Aragon, daughter of
    Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain.
  • Catherine had previously been married to Henry
    VIIIs brother Arthur.
  • When Arthur died, Pope Julius II
  • issued a dispensation for
  • Henry to marry Catherine.

Catherine of Aragon
4
Henry viii
  • Henry and Catherine had six children, but only
    one survivedMary.
  • Henry felt this marriage was cursed (would not
    produce a son), and he wanted to marry Anne
    Boleyn.
  • In 1527, Pope Clement VII would not issue an
    annulment (for several reasons)

Anne Boleyn
5
Henry viii
  • Because he could not secure an annulment, Henry
    dismisses Cardinal Wolsey and replaces him with
    Cranmer and Cromwell (both Protestant supporters)
  • 1533
  • Henry marries Anne Boleyn
  • Passes the Act of Succession
  • Passes the Act of SupremecyHenry VIII was the
    only supreme head in earth of the church of
    England.

6
Henry viii
  • Wives of Henry VIII
  • Catherine of Aragondivorces in 1533
  • Anne Boleynexecuted in 1536
  • Jane Seymourdied in 1537
  • Anne of Clevesdivorced in 1540
  • Catherine Howardexecuted in 1542
  • Katherine Parrsurvives Henry in 1547

7
Successors of henry viii
  • Edward VI, son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour,
    becomes king in 1547
  • Continues the Protestant Reformation with Thomas
    Cranmer (The Book of Common Prayer)
  • Mary I, however, restored Catholicism in England
  • A lasting religious settlement will not occur
    in England until the reign of Elizabeth I.
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