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THE PROGRESSIVE ERA 1901-1919

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THE PROGRESSIVE ERA 1901-1919 Theodore Roosevelt Trust Busting The Jungle Progressive Reform The Panama Canal William Howard Taft Woodrow Wilson – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE PROGRESSIVE ERA 1901-1919


1
THE PROGRESSIVE ERA 1901-1919
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Trust Busting
  • The Jungle
  • Progressive Reform
  • The Panama Canal
  • William Howard Taft
  • Woodrow Wilson

2
McKINLEY ASSASSINATION
3
VP THEODORE ROOSEVELT (TR) BECOMES PRESIDENT
  • REPUBLICAN PARTY
  • 1901 - 1909
  • PLATFORMS
  • Domestic Policy
  • Square Deal
  • Domestic Prosperity
  • Foreign Policy
  • Gunboat Diplomacy
  • USA World Power

4
BIG BUSINESS CORPORATE MONOPOLIES
5
TR and TRUST BUSTING
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act
  • JP Morgan RR

6
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7
GOVT CORRUPTION
  • DIRECT PRIMARY
  • Who runs for Pres.
  • 17th AMENDMENT
  • Direct Election of
  • Senators

8
PUBLIC HEALTH THE JUNGLE I aimed at the
publics heart, and by accident, I hit it in the
stomach.
9
MAIN ISSUES
Labor, business, govt corruption, consumers,
health, environment Square Deal then New
Nationalism
10
TR REFORMS
  • 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act
  • 1906 Meat Inspection Act
  • USDA Inspections of
  • Meat


  • FDA - Food and Drug Administration Created

11
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12
Protecting US Interests
  • US WORLD POWER
  • Speak Softly and Carry
  • a Big Stick
  • Gunboat Diplomacy - NAVY

13
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
  • Intervention Policy
  • USA assumes International Police Officer role
    in W. Hemisphere

14
THE PANAMA CANAL Why Would the USA Want This???
  • Strategy
  • Revenue
  • Influence

15
TR Visits Canal Construction
16
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17
THE CANAL OPENS August, 1914
  • USA controls until 1999

18
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19
TEDDY BEAR
20
ACCOMPLISHMENTS
Trustbusting campaign, railroad regulation, Meat
Inspection and Food Drug Acts, made public land
into preserves, national parks reclamation
21
PROBLEMS
Very popular, no opposition in 1904 for
re-election. Critics said conservation efforts
too costly.
22
ELECTION OF 1909 William Howard Taft Elected
  • TR had pledged not to run again, and doesnt
  • Hand picks his successor- TAFT
  • Republican Party

23
President Taft?
24
Embarrassing Moment
25
Taft Govt
  • Platforms
  • New Nationalism
  • Protect workers
  • Dollar Diplomacy
  • Financial Influence in Latin America
  • ISSUES
  • Big Business
  • Labor
  • Revenue

26
MAIN ISSUES
Labor, business, health, environment
27
Business Reforms
  • Files more Anti-Trust Suits than TR
  • Mann-Elkins Act
  • ICC power
  • Regulate RR rates

28
Labor Reforms
  • Dept. of Labor
  • Enforce Labor Laws
  • 8 Hour Workday

29
Govt Revenue
  • 16th Amd.
  • Federal Income tax

30
ACCOMPLISHMENTS
Filed 90 anti-trust suits, increased forest
preserves, encouraged labor safety laws, helped
pass income tax ? 16th Amendment
31
PROBLEMS
Former judge. Did not want presidency.
Progressives did not like his support for
lowering tariffs firing US Forestry Service
head not helping dispute in Congressional Rules
Committee ? Lost Teddy Roosevelts support
32
TR and Taft Fallout
33
Woodrow Wilson Elected President Democrat
(1913-1921)
34
Wilsons Platforms
  • New Freedom Revive small business
  • Moral Diplomacy
  • Support USA like countries
  • Democracy

35
REFORM ISSUES
  • BANKING
  • BIG BUSINESS
  • LABOR
  • TEMPERANCE

36
MAIN ISSUES
New Freedom ? Tariffs, bank govt reform,
business, labor, free competition
37
Banking Reforms
  • Federal Reserve Act - Three-Level Banking
    System
  • 1. Federal Reserve Board
  • 2. 12 Fed. Reserve Banks
  • 3. Private Banks

38
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39
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40
Wilson Business Reforms
  • Clayton Anti-Trust Act clarified Sherman Act by
    stating what corporations could not do
  • Federal Trade Commission (FTC) investigates
    unfair practices (mislabeling products)

41
Child Labor
  • Keating-Owen Child Labor Act (1916)
  • Outlawed interstate sale of products made from
    child labor
  • USSC declared it Unconstitutional (restricted
    commerce)

42
Temperance
  • 18th Amd.
  • Prohibition

43
ACCOMPLISHMENTS
Reduced tariffs, graduated income tax, Federal
Reserve Act, limited monopolies trusts, Federal
Trade Commission to investigate businesses, loans
to farmers, shorter workday for railroad workers
44
PROBLEMS
Could not get child labor laws passed. Did not
support suffrage for women in his campaign for
reelection. Blacks rights unprotected.
Prohibition difficult to enforce.
45
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