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Lyndon B. Johnson: The Great Society

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Lyndon B. Johnson: The Great Society Essential Questions: What was the importance of Lyndon Johnson s Great Society, including the establishment of Medicare? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lyndon B. Johnson: The Great Society


1
Lyndon B. Johnson The Great Society
  • Essential Questions
  • What was the importance of Lyndon Johnsons Great
    Society, including the establishment of Medicare?
  • How did the Warren Court and the expansion of
    individual rights ultimately evolve in the
    Miranda decision?

2
LBJ in the White House
  • The demand for reform helped create a new
    awareness of social problems, especially on
    matters of civil rights and the effects of poverty

3
LBJs Path to Power
  • LBJs ambition and drive were legendary
  • He entered politics in 1937 as a New Dealer
  • He caught the eye of FDR as a spokesman for
    farmers of his district
  • He was a master of party politics and maneuvering
    and rose to Senate majority leader in 1955
  • Became President in 1963

4
  • His ability to achieve legislative results had
    captured JFKs attention as well
  • Johnsons congressional connections and his
    Southern Protestant background convinced Kennedy
    to make LBJ his running mate
  • This helped Kennedy win states in the south

5
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8
The Domestic Agenda
  • Johnson urged Congress to pass the civil rights
    and tax-cut bills that Kennedy had sent to
    Capitol Hill
  • The tax-cuts spurred economic growth
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it illegal to
    discriminate based on race, religion, national
    origin, and sex

9
The War on Poverty Spirit p. 475
  • Johnson declared an unconditional war on poverty
    in America
  • Congress enacted the Economic Opportunity Act
    (EOA)
  • The Job Corps Youth Training Program
  • VISTA Volunteers in Service to America
  • Project Head Start, an education program for
    underprivileged preschoolers
  • The Community Action Program, which encouraged
    poor people to participate in public-works
    programs

10
Election of 1964
  • Republicans nominate Barry Goldwater of Arizona
  • Barry Goldwater believed the federal government
    had no business trying to right social and
    economic wrongs such as poverty, discrimination,
    and lack of opportunity
  • Most Americans sided with LBJ

11
Election of 1964
12
Election of 1964
  • Goldwater had also frightened many Americans by
    suggesting he may use nuclear weapons on Cuba and
    North Vietnam
  • LBJ won in a landslide
  • Democrats also gained more control in Congress
  • LBJ could launch his domestic reform program, The
    Great Society with high confidence

13
Building the Great Society
  • Johnson summed up his vision for America in a
    phrase The Great Society
  • In a speech he outlined a legislative program
    (Great Society) that would end poverty and racial
    injustice
  • He would also try to create a higher standard of
    living for everyone

14
The Great Society
  • Passed bills increasing funding for education
    the first major federal aid package for education
    in the nations history
  • LBJ created Medicare and Medicaid
  • Created the Department of Housing and Urban
    Development (HUD)
  • Medicare give low-cost medical insurance to
    Americans age 65 years and up
  • Medicaid extends health care insurance to people
    on welfare.

15
Impact of the Great Society
  • The Great Society and the Warren Court changed
    the United States
  • People disagree on whether the U.S. was better or
    worse afterwards
  • The massive tax cut spurred the economy, but
    funding the Great Society along with the Vietnam
    War led to increased deficits

16
Backlash
  • There was a conservative backlash
  • Ronald Reagan swept to victory in the race for
    governor of California
  • The increase in Communist forces in Vietnam
    began to overshadow the Great Society
  • Four years after the election, Johnson, who ran
    on a peace ticket, would be labeled a hawk for
    supporting one of the most divisive wars in
    recent U.S. History

17
The Warren Court
  • The Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren
    encouraged the expansion of individual rights in
    the U.S.
  • This started with Brown v. B.O.E.
  • Limited censorship
  • Stated free speech included allowing students to
    wear black armbands to protest the war (Tinker v
    Des Moines)
  • Tinker v Des Moines - 1969

18
The Warren Court
  • The Warren Court also greatly expanded the rights
    of people accused of crimes
  • Illegally seized evidence couldnt be used in
    court
  • Required criminal courts to provide free legal
    counsel
  • (Gideon v. Wainwright)
  • Right to a lawyer during questioning
  • People must be read their Miranda rights before
    questioning
  • (Miranda v. Arizona - 1966)
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