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English Civil War

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Title: English Civil War Author: Social Studies Dept. Last modified by: image Created Date: 6/7/1995 6:27:34 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: English Civil War


1
(No Transcript)
2
James I had problems with Parliament over .
  • Money
  • Religion
  • Foreign Policy

3
James Foreign Policy problems centered on
  • Deals with Catholic countries, such as
  • France
  • Spain

4
Charles I needed money, but Parliament made him
sign...
  • The Petition of right

5
The Petition of Right said...
  • No taxes without the consent of Parliament.
  • No quartering of troops in private homes.
  • No imprisonment without cause.

6
Parliament was dismissed by Charles I for...
  • Eleven Years

7
Money gained from the people by an old edict, not
Parlia. vote.
  • Ship Money

8
Two Courts used by Charles I illegally, to
by-pass Parliament...
  • Court of High Commission
  • Court of Star Chamber

9
Charles attempts to force his will on Scotland
started a..
  • War.
  • He tried to force the Scots to accept the
    Anglican Prayer Book

10
The Parliament convened in 1640, became know as
the...
  • Long Parliament

11
The Long Parliament tried to curb the Kings
power by...
  • Executing the Kings ministers Laud and
    Stafford.
  • Abolishing the Courts of High Commission and Star
    Chamber.
  • Taxes cant be levied without Parliament.
  • Parliament cant be dissolved.
  • Parliament has to be called every 3 years.

12
The Civil War
  • Cavaliers
  • Anglicans and Catholics
  • Rural squires Land owners
  • Nobility
  • The North and Midlands

13
The Civil War
  • Roundheads
  • Mostly Middle-class
  • From towns
  • From Southeastern England
  • Many were Puritans

14
Issues of the Civil War
  • Absolutism vs. Constitutionalism
  • Rule of Law / Rule of Man
  • Anglican vs. Puritan

15
The Commonwealth
  • The Army ran Parliament, the Rump
  • Abolished the monarchy
  • Executed the King
  • England became The Commonwealth

16
  • Cromwell abolished Parliament and ruled as Lord
    Protector.
  • Ruled as a military dictator, through The New
    Model Army.

17
The Commonwealth
  • Religious toleration for all (except Catholics)
  • Closed theaters, pubs, forbade music, cards,
    dancing.
  • Navigation Act, good for trade.

18
The Restoration
  • 1660 - Charles II to return as king.
  • Parliament reaffirms Petition of Right
  • Charles rules with a council of 5 advisors.
  • Test Act designed to keep Catholics out of
    government

19
James II
  • Violation and dismissal of the Test Act.
  • Continued pro-French policies of Charles.
  • Married a young Catholic princess who gave birth
    to a male heir.

20
Glorious Revolution1688
  • Mary II and William of Orange invited to on rule
    together.
  • Constitutional Monarchy ended Divine Right rule.
  • Bill of Rights in 1689 - the sovereignty of
    Parliament.
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