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Poetry goes beyond the rhyming of words. The object of writing a poem is usually to make a very complicated statement using as few words as possible. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Poetry

Poetry Analysis
What is Poetry?
  • Poetry goes beyond the rhyming of words.
  • The object of writing a poem is usually to make
    a very complicated statement using as few words
    as possible.
  • Every word and stanza is packed with meanings.
  • When a poet writes, he is trying to communicate
    with the reader in a powerful way.
  • A poet uses the elements of poetry to get his
    point across.
  • These elements consist of a variety of ways to
    use words to convey meanings.

How to Analyze Poetry
  • In the analysis of poetry, two important
    questions the reader must ask himself or herself
  • What is the poet trying to say?
  • How does he or she try to say it?

What is "analysis"?
  • It is helpful to think of analysis as decoding.
  • The combination of elements the poet uses makes
    up the "code" of the poem.
  • Analysis means literally picking a poem
    apart--looking at elements such as imagery,
    metaphor, simile, poetic language, rhyme scheme,
    and so on--in order to see how they all work
    together to produce the poem's meaning.
  • By looking at a poem in terms of its elements,
    one decodes the poem.

How Do I Get Started?
  • Read the poem more than once.
  • Use a dictionary when you are unsure of a words
  • Read the poem slowly.
  • Pay attention to what the poem is saying do not
    be distracted by the rhyme and rhythm of the
  • Try reading the poem out loud to get a sense of
    the way the sounds of the poem effect its

Elements of Poetry
  • 1. Symbolism - Often poems will convey ideas and
    thoughts using symbols. A symbol can stand for
    many things at one time.
  • Symbolism is the use of a word, a phrase, or a
    description, which represents a deeper meaning
    than the words themselves.

Fog The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits
looking over harbor and city on silent haunches
and then moves on. --Carl Sandburg
Poem analysis The fog symbolizes the problems
one can sometimes have in their life. The
problems can creep upon you them silently like a
cat, linger in their life, linger on their mind,
and then suddenly move on. Just like the weather,
it cannot be controlled.
2. Theme the message that the writer of the
poem wishes to convey to his or her readers. For
instance, the subject of the poem is about love,
and you have to find out from the poem what he or
she thinks about love and then write it down in a
complete sentence. For example Love makes us
miserable. The sentence expressing the theme
must be generalized. In other words it must apply
to everyone.
  • 3. Tone - tone refers to the feeling of the poem.
  • Tone in Poetry is basically the attitude the
    poet conveys which can, for example, be
    comforting or vicious. Lots of the time the tone
    can start out one way, such as sad, and end up
    with a different feel by the end of the poem,
    such as hopeful.
  • 4. Allusion - a brief reference to a person,
    historical event, place, phrase, or other
    literary work with which the author believes the
    reader will make a connection.

IF If I was Romeo and you Juliet I wouldn't
dare kill myself On sighting you dead. I'll
just kiss your tender lips - "The kiss of
life" For that's enough to wake you up. If I
was Julius Caesar and you Calpurnia I'd rather
accept being called a coward Than disregard
your dream, and make you sad For your love is
but a shield. If I was trapped with you In a
desolate island Like the legendary Robinson
Crusoe To yearn for rescue I'll not For a
romantic adventure it'll be To seek for
protection I'll not For your love is but a
shield To pray for guidance I'll not For an
angel from heaven you are. Dowell Ighohwo
  • 5. Paradox occurs when two things that should not
    be able to exist at the same time are said, in a
    poem, to exist at the same time.
  • Because human beings frequently experience two
    or more emotions at the same time or can see
    things from two points of view at the same time,
    they often use paradox in poetry to express such
    a situation.

Dark and Light Dark remembers light, The day
they separated, They try to be friends,
but can't. Dark doesn't like light Their
friendship no longer exists.
Other Poetic Devices
  • When analyzing poetry, identify different poetic
    devices and how they convey the poems message
  • Simile comparison using like or as
  • Metaphor a direct comparison
  • Personification giving human qualities to
    nonhuman things
  • Point of view who is the telling the poem?
  • Imagery - creating pictures with words
  • Alliteration repeating the same letter
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