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John Locke

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John Locke Some Thoughts Concerning Education By: Aaron, Dean, Emily, Jake and Chris Biography 1632-1704 English philosopher Father of classical liberalism One ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: John Locke


1
John Locke
  • Some Thoughts Concerning Education

By Aaron, Dean, Emily, Jake and Chris
2
Biography
D.T
  • 1632-1704
  • English philosopher
  • Father of classical liberalism
  • One of the first British empiricists

3
Biography
D.T
  • Some major works by Locke include
  • Three Letters Concerning Toleration
    (1689,1690,1692)
  • Two Treatises of Government (1689)
  • An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690)
  • Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
  • The Reasonableness of Christianity (1695)
  • The Vindication of The Reasonableness of
    Christianity (1695)

4
Biography
D.T
  • Had a great impact on the development of
    epistemology and politics
  • Influenced other English and Scottish thinkers as
    well as the American Revolution

5
Significance of Locke
  • Developed concrete definitionof property,
    influencing Adam Smiths capitalism and Karl
    Marxs socialism

EC
  • Ideas on rights (life, liberty, equality) and
    the responsibility of government went on
    toshape the American Constitution

6
Children Retain Knowledge
  • The education of a child shapes their values and
    personalities
  • Children have a mind that retains knowledge
    stronger and easier than an adult
  • Errors in education shouldbe less indulged than
    any. These carry their afterwards
    incorrigibletaint with them through all parts
    andstations of life (pg.223224)

EC
7
Reward and Punishment
  • Lockes theory of punishment and reward involved
    getting rid of the two of them.
  • Instead of punishment, use reasoning, and
    demonstrate why the action was wrong.
  • Instead of rewards, use
  • encouragement.
  • With both of those actions in use a
  • different type of person would
  • emerge.

  • A.S

AS
8
Reasonable Children
D.T
  • Locke believed in turning children into adults as
    early as possible
  • This means treating them like adults
  • Children are to be treated as rational creatures

9
Continued...
  • Assumes children have their own knowledge and
    instincts
  • Capable of learning new languages after their
    first language is taught
  • Avoiding treating them like babies
  • Punishment based on severity of action

D.T
10
Empiricism
  • The theory that all knowledge is derived from
    sense of experience.
  • This kind of theory was developed in the 17th and
    18th centuries

11
Empiricism John Locke
  • Locke believes that human knowledge comes from
    experience
  • We are born with empty minds that we fill with
    knowledge as life goes on.
  • He focuses on the origin ideas
  • other than other branches
  • J.S

12
The Blank Slate Analogy
  • the slate is clean sums up Locke's theory
  • We are born with no distinctive ideas whatsoever
  • This contrast with some ideas that are behind
    rationalism
  • J.S

13
Theory of Natural Law
  • Human beings are subject to a moral law
  • Morality is based on duty rather than right

14
Questions
  1. To what extent did Lockes ideas on education
    shape modern Montessori schools? (EC)
  2. Do you think that John Locke's views on how to
    raise a child would be relevant today?(D.T)
  3. Do John Lockes ideas on punishment reflect todays
    methods of punishing children?(D.T)

15
Glossary
  1. Incorrigible Not corrigible, bad beyond
    correction or reform
  2. Rigor Strictness, severity, or harshness, as in
    dealing with people
  3. Impunity Exemption from punishment
  4. Chastisement Severe criticism
  5. Propensity A natural inclination or tendency
  6. Caeteris Paribus holding other things constant
    or making all things equal
  7. Servile Having or showing an excessive
    willingness to serve or please others
    Characteristic of a slave

16
Glossary - Continued
  1. Timorous Showing or suffering from nervousness,
    fear or lack of confidence
  2. Reverence deep respect for someone or something
  3. Nihil Invita Minerva Being unwilling. Without
    natural talent or inspiration

17
Bibliography
  • Locke, John. "Some Thoughts Concerning
    Education." In Some Thoughts concerning
    Education, 1693, 222,223,224,225,226,227,228.
    Menston Scolar Press, 1970.Uzgalis, William.
    "John Locke." Http//plato.stanford.edu/.
    September 21, 2001. Accessed November 15, 2014.

A.S
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