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Renaissance

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Title: Renaissance Author: Cobb County School District Last modified by: Cobb County School District Created Date: 11/26/2007 7:41:13 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Renaissance


1
Renaissance
  • A Rebirth of Learning

2
Distinctive Features
  • Rediscovery of Greco-Roman culture
  • Emphasized reason, a questioning attitude,
    experimentation and free inquiry
  • Glorified the individual and approved worldly
    pleasure
  • Focused on worldly matters
  • Featured great achievement in literature, art and
    science.

3
Renaissance begins in Italy
  • Was center of Greco-Roman culture
  • Located on the Mediterranean Sea
  • Wealthy people who became patrons
  • Popes in Rome
  • Wealthy merchants in Venice
  • Sforza family in Milan
  • dEste family in Genoa
  • Medici family in Florence

4
Florence Perfect Renaissance City
  • Outstanding city of Italian Renaissance
  • Many Florentine painters, writers sculptors,
    architects and sculptors
  • People of talent from other parts of Italy came
    to work in Florence
  • Ruled by Medicis in 15th cen.
  • Merchants/Bankers
    wool trade
  • Lorenzo the Magnificent
    leading member

5
Renaissance Florence
6
Renaissance Spreads
  • 15th century ideas spread from Italy to France,
    the German states, Holland, and England
  • Resulted from religious, military and commercial
    contacts
  • Northern scholars traveled to Italy to absorb
    Italian art and learning

7
Humanism
  • Definition literary movement that began in the
    14th century which emphasized worldly things such
    as everyday human problems rather than religious
    matters.
  • Drew inspiration from ancient Greek and Roman
    manuscripts

8
Early Humanists
  • Petrarch Italian studies classics and wrote in
    both Italian and Latin wrote sonnets that
    expressed romantic love and appreciation of
    nature
  • Erasmus Dutch wrote
    In Praise of Folly ridiculed
    superstition, prejudice, upper
    class privileges and Church abuses
    encouraged people to think
    about reform

9
Early Humanists
  • Sir Thomas More English wrote Utopia
    portrayed an ideal country, free from war,
    injustice, poverty, ignorance word utopia now
    refers to an ideal state

By Hans Holbein
10
Vernacular replaces Latin
  • Definition language of everyday speech such as
    French, Italian, Spanish, German or English
  • Early great writers
  • Dante Italian
  • Father of modern Italian
  • Divine Comedy long poem
    about imaginary trip through
    hell, purgatory and heaven
    guided by Vergil

11
Vernacular replaces Latin
  • Early Great Writers
  • Chaucer English
  • Canterbury Tales
    stories related by
    pilgrims journeying
    to the religious
    shrine
    at Canterbury

12
Invention of Printing
  • Moveable Type
  • Johann Gutenberg
  • About 1450
  • 1st book - Bible
  • Advantages
  • Increase output and accuracy
  • Decreased cost
  • More people could own books
  • Encouraged people to write

13
Renaissance Literary Achievements
  • Machiavelli
  • Italian (Florence)
  • Served in government
  • Dismissed by Medicis
  • Retired to country
  • The Prince
  • Ethics and Government
  • end justifies the means

14
Renaissance Literary Achievements
  • Cervantes
  • Spanish
  • Ridiculed feudal society,
    especially knighthood
    and chivalry
  • Don Quixote
  • Mad knight of La Mancha

15
Renaissance Literary Achievements
  • Shakespeare
  • English
  • Greatest poet and
    playwright of all time
  • Masterful command of
    English language and
    deep understanding
    of human beings

16
Renaissance Literary Achievements
  • Shakespeare
  • Famous Works
  • Macbeth, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, King Lear, A
    Midsummer Nights Dream, Taming of the Shrew.
  • Famous Quotations
  • at one fell swoop, foul play, good
    riddance, high time, lie low, mums the
    word, vanish into thin air, neither here nor
    there, and the game is up.

17
Art and Patronage
  • Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on
    art.
  • Art communicated social, political, and spiritual
    values.
  • Italian banking international trade interests
    had the money.
  • Public art in Florence was organized and
    supported by guilds.
  • Macbet

Therefore, the consumption of art was used as a
form of competition for social political status!
18
Characteristics of Renaissance Art
19
1. Realism Expression
  • Expulsion fromthe Garden
  • Masaccio
  • 1427
  • First nudes sinceclassical times.

20
2. Perspective
  • The Trinity
  • Masaccio
  • 1427

Perspective!
Perspective!
Perspective!
Perspective!
Perspective!
Perspective!
Perspective!
First use of linear perspective!
What you are, I once was what I am, you will
become.
21
3. Classicism
  • Greco-Roman influence.
  • Secularism.
  • Humanism.
  • Individualism ? free standing figures.
  • Symmetry/Balance

The Classical PoseMedici Venus (1c)
22
4. Emphasis on Individualism
  • Batista Sforza Federico de Montefeltre The
    Duke Dutchess of Urbino
  • Piero della Francesca, 1465-1466.

23
5. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures
  • The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • 1469
  • The figure as architecture!

24
Two predominant art forms
  • Madonna Mary with the Baby Jesus
  • Pieta Mary with the Crucified Christ

25
Renaissance Artistic Achievements
  • Giotto
  • 1266-1337
  • Florence
  • Painter/Architect
  • First Renaissance artist

26
Ghiberti Gates of ParadiseBaptistry Door,
Florence 1425 - 1452
The Winner!
27
Donatello
  • 1386-1466
  • Florence
  • Sculptor
  • Friezes
  • David
  • 1430
  • First free-form bronze since Roman times!

28
Self-Portrait -- da Vinci, 1512
  • Artist
  • Sculptor
  • Architect
  • Scientist
  • Engineer
  • Inventor

1452 - 1519
29
Leonardo da Vinci - Paintings
30
Michelangelo Buonorrati
  • 1475 1564
  • He represented the body in three dimensions of
    sculpture.

31
  • David
  • MichelangeloBuonarotti
  • 1504
  • Marble

32
The Popes as Patrons of the Arts
  • The Pieta
  • MichelangeloBuonarroti
  • Only 23 yrs old when completed
  • 1499
  • marble

33
Renaissance Rome
34
The Sistine ChapelMichelangelo Buonarroti1508
- 1512
35
The Sistine Chapels CeilingMichelangelo
Buonarroti1508 - 1512
36
The Sistine Chapel Details
The Creation of the Heavens
37
The Sistine Chapel Details
Creation of Man
38
The Sistine Chapel Details
The Fall from Grace
39
The Sistine Chapel Details
The Last Judgment
40
? 15c
Whatadifferenceacenturymakes!
16c ?
41
Renaissance Artistic Achievements
  • Rembrandt
  • Dutch
  • Greatest painter of Northern Renaissance
  • Contrasts of light and shadow

42
Renaissance Artistic Achievements
  • Durer
  • German
  • Painter
  • Metal and Wood Engraver

43
Renaissance Artistic Achievements
  • Hans Holbein
  • German
  • Portrait Painter

44
Renaissance Musical Achievements
  • Written in vernacular
  • Sung by troubadours
  • Madrigal fa la la

45
Characteristics of Renaissance Science
  • Built on work of Greeks and Romans
  • Developed scientific method for observation and
    experimentation
  • Challenged medieval superstition and Aristotles
    theories
  • Knowledge of the physical world
  • Geocentric v. heliocentric
  • Improved health and controlled environment
  • Foundation for modern scientific progress

46
Renaissance Science
  • Copernicus
  • Polish astronomer
  • Sun is center of the
    universe
  • Galileo
  • Invented scientific method
  • Telescope
  • Law of falling bodies
  • Supported the Copernican theory

47
Renaissance Science
  • Kepler
  • German
  • Astronomer
  • Mathematician
  • Planets follow an elliptical not a circular orbit
    around the sun
  • Vesalius
  • Flemish
  • Physician
  • Founded science of Anatomy

48
Renaissance Science
  • Harvey
  • English
  • Demonstrated that blood circulates through the
    body
  • Descartes
  • French
  • Scientist
  • Mathematician
  • Philosopher
  • Founder of Analytical Geometry
  • I think, therefore I am.

49
Renaissance Science
  • Newton
  • English
  • Mathematician
  • Astronomer
  • Physicist
  • Gravity
  • Calculus
  • Laws of light and color
  • Laws of motion
  • Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
  • Leeuwenhoek
  • Dutch
  • Microscope
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