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The Geography of Ancient Rome

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The Geography of Ancient Rome What is the best story you have ever heard? Why? ... farmland and good defense Rome built on 7 steep hills, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Geography of Ancient Rome


1
The Geography of Ancient Rome
  • What is the best story you have ever heard? Why?

2
The Beginnings of Rome
  • Founding of Rome owed much to its location
  • Rome begins in 509 B.C. w/ the overthrow of
    foreign kings
  • Romans date their beginnings to 753 B.C. ,
    Romulus and Remus, raised be a she wolf found the
    city, sons of the god Mars, abandoned on the
    banks of the Tiber river, a shepherd found them
    and raised them, decided to build a city where
    they were found, argument broke out over what
    hill to build on, Romulus killed Remus w/ a
    brick, city named after Romulus
  • Another Legend says that Aeneas founded the city
    after the Trojan war after Troy was destroyed

3
The Founding of Rome
  • In the Aeneas story Romulus and Remus are his
    descendants and are abandoned by their mother and
    rescued by a she wolf, fought over location,
    Romulus killed Remus on Palentine hill
  • After Romulus a series of Roman kings ruled
  • 600 B.C. Etruscans conquered Rome, from northern
    Italy
  • 509 B.C. Overthrew Etruscan king, formed a
    Republic, elected leaders

4
Romes Geographic Location
  • After the overthrow of the Etruscans, Rome grew
    from a city into a country, then an empire,
    location made this possible
  • People founded Rome, not legends,1st settlers
    were the Latins, came from region around Rome
  • Spot chosen for climate, farmland and good
    defense
  • Rome built on 7 steep hills, farmed fertile plain
    at base of hills, homes on top of hills for
    defense
  • Located short distance from Mediterranean , on
    trade routes, on Tiber River

5
Italian Peninsula
  • Romes location on Italian Peninsula important to
    development
  • Shaped like a boot, location made it easy to
    reach other locations by sea and to conquer and
    gain new territory and develop trade routes
  • 2 main Mtn ranges protect Italy, Alps in the
    North, Apennines form a spine, did not separate
    Italy like Greece, large plains made farming
    easier

6
The Tiber River
  • During earliest times Tiber served as a water
    source for farming and drinking
  • A route for travel and trade, small ships could
    sail down to Mediterranean
  • Located away from the sea provided protection
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