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Terrorism

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Title: The U.S. and Terrorism: The Path to 9/11 Mr. Bach United States History Author: Martin Bach Last modified by: Brink, Jeff Created Date: 5/20/2010 8:30:49 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Terrorism


1
Terrorism
  • The Long War

2
Is This Terror????
Political Assassination?
Organized Crime?
3
Is THIS Terror?
War Between Nations?
Gang Violence?
4
WHAT IS TERRORISM????
  • Threat or use of violence
  • For a Political Purpose
  • Targets Civilians
  • Manipulate with fear

5
The Goals of Terror
  • Politics
  • Change the current system
  • End injustice
  • New Order
  • Society corrupt

6
Strategies
  • Asymmetrical
  • Create impression of being unsafe, impotence of
    government
  • Media Events

7
Operations
  • Low Cost
  • Covert in Nature
  • Hit symbols of the nation and the home

8
Organizations
  • Small Groups
  • Cells
  • Dont know other cells or their superiors
  • Usually have state funding

9
Meet a Terrorist (Typical Traits of)
  • Male, single, 18-27
  • Low education
  • Low Income
  • Low Self-Esteem
  • Thinks has no control over life
  • Displacement of problems

10
Their Handiwork
London July 7, 2005
Spain, March 11, 04
Beslan Russia Sept. 4, 2004
Bali Night Club Oct. 2000
11
Wahhabism
  • Uses Koran PLUS Wahhabs book Kitab al-Tawhib
  • Literal interpretation
  • Puritanical in Faith, against change in worship
  • All non-Wahhabis are ENEMIES OF GOD

Wahhabi Students at a Madrassa
12
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13
Meanwhile in Saudi Arabia
  • Saudis let US keep troops in the Holy Land
    during wars and asks US to stay for stability
    afterwards.
  • Wahhabis Bin Laden angry over infidel troops in
    land of Mohammed

14
Troubling Saudi Demographics
  • ½ the 26.5 MM Saudis in two cities AND under
    25!!!
  • 1/3 unemployed
  • In last 20 years, per Capita GDP dropped from
    28.5K to 6.8K

Why a Problem?
15
Why the Saudi People Are Angry (and other Middle
Easterners) Oil and Resentment
16
All Told, The Middle East Is a Relatively
Unstable Place Today.
17
The U.S. and TerrorismThe Path to 9/11
18
The Persian Gulf War of 1991
  • Cause Iraqi Leader Saddam Hussein invades Kuwait
  • Problem Threatens the control of the Middle
    Easts Oil Supply

19
Operation Desert Storm
  • President George H.W. Bush leads a UN coalition
    to expel Saddam for Kuwait
  • The war lasts about 5 days and is a complete US
    victory

20
Operation Desert Storm
  • Aug 1990 Iraq occupies Kuwait
  • UN says leave
  • Feb. 1991 US led coalition frees Kuwait
  • Highway of Death
  • Iraqi Shiites gt (

Media images of destroyed Iraqi retreat turn
Western stomachs, prevent West from marching into
Iraq oops!!!
21
Postwar Plans
  • Bush makes the decision not to remove Saddam
    Hussein from power
  • U.S. troops remain based in Saudi Arabia to
    patrol No-Fly Zones over Iraq

22
World Trade Center Bombing - 1993
  • Truck bomb in parking garage kills 6 and wounds
    over a thousand
  • U.S. troops remain based in Saudi Arabia to
    patrol No-Fly Zones over Iraq

Ramzi Yousef
23
U.S. Intervention in Somalia
  • In 1992, the U.S. sends troops into Somalia to
    protect ethnic minorities and alleviate the
    suffering due to a famine
  • U.S. troops get caught in a Somali Civil War
    involving Islamic warlords

24
Black Hawk Down
  • 18 U.S. troops are killed in street fighting by
    soldiers loyal to Islamic warlord Mohammed Farah
    Aidid
  • President Clinton decides to withdraw all U.S.
    troops from Somalia

25
Oklahoma City Bombing - 1995
  • 168 Americans are killed in a truck bomb blast
  • Target is a federal government building
  • Worst act of domestic terrorism in American
    history

26
Timothy McVeigh
  • Persian Gulf War Veteran
  • Revenge for government action at Waco, Texas and
    against militia groups

27
Embassy Bombings - 1998
  • Hundreds of people are killed in twin bombings at
    the American embassies in Tanzania and Kenya
  • Credit claimed by Egyptian Islamic Jihad
  • Osama bin Laden put on the FBIs 10 Most Wanted
    List

28
Columbine - 1999
  • Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people at
    Columbine High School in Colorado and then commit
    suicide

29
USS Cole - 2000
  • Al-Qaeda launches a suicide attack on the U.S.S.
    Cole in a port off Yemen.
  • 17 sailors killed 39 injured

30
September 11, 2001
  • 2,995 people are killed including 19 hijackers
  • Worst attack on American soil since Pearl Harbor

31
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32
American Resilience Lets Roll
33
Osama Bin Laden
  • Saudi born wealthy son of contractor
  • Anger over US troops in Saudi Arabia
  • Fought Soviets in Afghanistan
  • Issues Fatwa to declare war on US

34
The Wahhabi/Saudi Threat?
  • Using Oil wealth, Saudis have been creating
    Wahhabi schools globally
  • Bin Laden Taliban Wahhabis
  • 15 of the 19 9/11 hijackers Saudi Wahhabis

35
The Patriot Act
  • Gives the NSA and FBI greater ability to conduct
    searches of phone, computer and other
    communications (to name a few provisions) to
    fight terrorism
  • Department of Homeland Security established.

36
Invasion of Afghanistan - 2001
  • Target Break-up the Taliban government that has
    been harboring Al-Qaeda training camps
  • Osama bin Laden escapes (most likely to Pakistan)

37
The New Taliban Order
  • Public Executions
  • Beards Burqas
  • Female Healthcare
  • Destroy non-Muslim history
  • Morality Police
  • Allah hu aqbar at soccer games

38
The US Invades Afghanistan
  • Strategic blunder of Al Qaeda???
  • Taliban forced into mountains and Bin Laden went
    into hiding

39
Democracy and Stability in Afghanistan???
  • Hamid Karzai voted in as first freely elected
    leader
  • Loya Jirga is the parliament represents the
    people

40
Invasion of Iraq - 2003
  • Target Remove Saddam Hussein from power because
    he is holding WMDs
  • Bush Doctrine Pre-emptive war against states
    sponsoring terrorism

41
Back in Iraq - Gulf War II
  • Post 9/11, Bush vows to stop rogue nations and
    terrorism
  • West thought Hussein developing a
    bio/chem/nuclear program, told to allow
    inspectors.

42
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43
The Iraq War Controversy
44
The War Democracy?
  • March, 2003, US allies invade Iraq. 28 days
    long
  • Jan, 2005 first fully elected govnt
  • 2006-get constitution
  • April 23, 2006- Jawad al-Maliki elected as PM

45
A New Battlefield
  • Fleeing Afghanistan, Taliban moved into NW
    Pakistan.
  • Pakistan let Taliban administer tribal regions
    with Shariah
  • Now at war as Taliban extended
  • PAKISTAN HAS NUCLEAR WEAPONS!

TEENAGE DRUGGED UP SUICIDE BOMBERS
46
The Pakistani Taliban Goes Global
93 WTC attacker trained in Pakistan 9/11
conspirator arrested in Pakistan Shoe Bomber
trained in Pakistan
  • Faisal Shahzad tried to blow up car bomb in NYC
    May 1, 2010
  • Trained in and funded from Pakistan
  • is Yemen next?

47
The War on Terror Continues
The Underwear Bomber Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab
The Times Square Bomber Faisal Shahzad
48
Bin Laden-Wanted Dead or Alive!
49
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