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World History 1500 to Present

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World History 1500 to Present Unit 2 Vocabulary: Age of Exploration, New Global Age and Economy, Commercial Revolution, Scientific Revolution, Absolutism and the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World History 1500 to Present


1
World History 1500 to Present
  • Unit 2 Vocabulary Age of Exploration, New Global
    Age and Economy, Commercial Revolution,
    Scientific Revolution, Absolutism and the
    Enlightenment
  • SOL WHII 1 a-e 6 a-c 4 a-f and 5 a-e

2
Prince Henry the Navigator
  • This Portuguese royal set up a school for
    navigation and was an essential part in getting
    Europeans onto the seas in the Age of Exploration

3
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4
Vasco da Gama
  • This Portuguese explorer was the first European
    to round the Cape of Good Hope and make it to
    India in 1498.

5
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6
Christopher Columbus
  • This person sailed West from Spain in 1492 to
    reach India. He didnt make it, but thought he
    did, and called the natives he encountered
    Indians.

7
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8
Hernando Cortez
  • This Spanish conquistador built a new city over
    ancient Tenochtitlan, promoted the sugar industry
    and spread Catholicism among the natives of
    present day Mexico.

9
CORTES
10
Ferdinand Magellan
  • This explorer, although he died in the
    Philippines, is the one credited with the first
    circumnavigation of the globe.

11
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12
Francis Drake
  • This Sea Dog was a pirate who sailed for England
    and took pleasure in raiding Spanish ships.

13
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14
Columbian Exchange
  • This term refers to the complex exchange of food,
    animals, and diseases that happened as a result
    of contact between vastly different people when
    Europeans came to the Americas.

15
Christopher Columbus Columbian Exchange
16
Elizabeth I
  • This monarch of England is responsible for firmly
    establishing England as a Protestant nation and
    ruling over a great age in literature and drama.

17
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18
Philip II
  • This devout Catholic monarch of Spain spent a lot
    of money fighting religious wars and sent a fleet
    of warships to attack England. He failed.

19
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20
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21
Charles I
  • This English king is best known for being tried
    and convicted of treason and executed by
    beheading.

22
Carolina Tartan, from Stuart Kings of Scotland
Cavaliers supported Charles during English Civil
War
23
Thomas Hobbes
  • This social contract theorist had a negative view
    of humans and believed that an absolute monarch
    was needed to keep people in line. He wrote The
    Leviathan.

24
  • Human Nature Bad
  • Absolute Monarchs Good
  • No such thing as natural rights

The Leviathan
25
Oliver Cromwell
  • This Puritan leader of the Roundheads won the
    English Civil War and took the title of Lord
    Protector when he announced that England was a
    Commonwealth

26
ROUNDHEADS supported Cromwell in the English
Civil War
27
Charles II
  • This ruler of England was invited to claim the
    crown that his father lost (along with his head)
    after the leading Roundhead died. He made life in
    England fun again.

28
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29
Glorious Revolution
  • This refers to the bloodless overthrow of a king
    when William and Mary took the throne of England

30
1688
31
English Bill of Rights
  • This document helped create a system of
    government based on the rule of law and a freely
    elected parliament. It made England a
    constitutional monarchy.

32
English Bill of Rights - England - 1689
An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the
Subject and Settling the Succession of the
Crownand laying down some basic rights for
Englishmen
  • Limits the power of the king/queen
  • Sets out rights of Parliament freedom of speech
    in Parliament, regular elections, petition
  • Only civil courts were legal
  • Freedom of Protestants to have arms for defense,
    no standing army in peace time, cruel or unusual
    punishment, excessive bail,
  • Generally reflected some of John Lockes popular
    ideas about consent of the governed

33
Hapsburg Family
  • This powerful family held lands all over Europe
    and maintained their grip on the royal houses of
    Europe by marrying inside the family again, and
    again, and again.

34
King Alfonso XII of Spain, circa 1915
35
Maria Theresa
  • This capable monarch was the first woman to rule
    her family lands in her own name.

36
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37
Huguenots
  • This is the term for French Calvinists who were
    persecuted by Catholics.

38
Marguerite de Valois, Princess of France
(daughter of Catherine Medici)
Henry Bourbon of Navarre, a Protestant
Paris is worth a Mass
A PROTESTANT.... how disgustingly awful!
39
Edict of Nantes
  • Henry of Navarre issued this when he became King
    Henry IV of France (and a Catholic) to protect
    French Calvinists from persecution.

40
Which will later be revoked by the Sun King,
Louis XIV!!
and becomes Catholic..
Huguenot Henry marries a Catholic
and issues an order for protection for fellow
French Protestants/Huguenots!
41
Louis XIV
  • This glorious monarch of France made French
    culture extremely popular in Europe. He called
    himself the Sun King.

42
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43
Peace of Westphalia, 1648
  • This treaty ended the major religious wars of
    Europe in the mid 17th century.

44
By 1648the 1555 Peace of Augsburg was to be
observed by every country, meaning, the ruler of
each country or nation would determine the
religion for that area, but people could practice
whatever religion they wanted.
45
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • This astronomer is best known for developing the
    heliocentric, or sun-centered model of the
    universe.

46
1543 book On the Revolutions of the Heavenly
Spheres
47
Johannes Kepler
  • This astronomer is known for discovering that
    planets orbit in an elliptical fashion rather
    than in perfect circles

48
Around 1600, he publishes law on planetary motion.
49
Galileo Galilei
  • This person used a telescope to prove the
    heliocentric theory was true and got into a of
    trouble with the Catholic Church

50
1610, book The Starry Messenger got him in
trouble with the Catholic Church
51
Isaac Newton
  • This person put his revolutionary ideas about
    gravity into a book called Principia.

52
1687, Newton publishes Principia
53
William Harvey
  • This person discovered that the heart was the
    most important organ responsible for the
    circulation of blood in the human body

54
1628, Harvey publishes On the Motion of the Heart
and Blood
55
Peter the Great
  • The monarch of Russia was determined to modernize
    his country and use terror and brutality to push
    his reforms on the Russian people.

56
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57
John Locke
  • This writer of the Enlightenment believed humans
    were essentially good and were born with natural
    rights that a government was obligated to
    protect. He advocated justifiable rebellion
    when governments failed to satisfy the social
    contract. He wrote Two Treatises on Government.

58
  • Human Nature Good
  • Government by Consent of the Governed
  • Natural Rights exist and must be protected by
    governments
  • Revolution to Instill active government is OK

59
Montesquieu
  • This Enlightenment thinker believed that a
    government could not protect the liberties of the
    people unless the government power were separated
    into branches. He wrote The Spirit of Laws.

60
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61
Rousseau
  • In his work, The Social Contract, this
    Enlightenment thinker explained his concept that
    an entire society agrees to be governed by its
    general will.

62
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