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GISIN Data Model Concepts

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GISIN Data Model Concepts Enabling Invasive Species Data Interchange GISIN technical team GISIN Training – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GISIN Data Model Concepts


1
GISIN Data Model Concepts
Enabling Invasive Species Data Interchange
GISIN technical team
GISIN Training
2
Protocols
  • Protocol Agreed upon language for data exchange
  • File formats, HTTP, KML
  • Dictates what can and cannot be exchagned
  • Types of protocols
  • DarwinCore Loose
  • Country United States, US, Estados Unidos, etc.
  • GISIN tighter
  • UN Country codes

3
GISIN Protocol
  • Based on DarwinCore
  • Added concepts for invasive species
  • Provided controlled vocabularies where possible
    and needed
  • Data Models
  • Occurrences
  • SpeciesStatus
  • SpeciesResourceURLs

4
GISIN data models
  • Data model data type of interest
  • Six data models
  • Three implemented
  • Species Resource URL
  • Species status
  • Occurrence
  • Three defined, not implemented
  • Management status
  • Impact status
  • Dispersal status
  • See the GISIN protocol for more information
    http//www.gisin.org/cwis438/websites/GISINDirecto
    ry/Tech/Protocol_Home.php

5
Some Definitions
  • Data Models Type of data
  • Concepts
  • Fields
  • Parameters
  • Data types
  • String Names, descriptions
  • Enumerated Yes/No, Indigenous/Exotic
  • Date 2010-11-20
  • Integer Number of records to return
  • Floating Point Longitude/Latitude

6
Data model concepts
  • Concepts elements within data model
  • Common and data model specific
  • Required and optional
  • Free form and controlled vocabulary
  • Used standards where exist

7
Enumerated
  • Controlled Vocabularies
  • Allows interchange of data at different levels of
    detail
  • Do not capture all the detail of each provider
  • Intended to be mutually exclusive

8
Common Field Concepts
  • Descriptive
  • citation
  • memo
  • language (r)
  • Species
  • scientificName (R)
  • kingdom (R)
  • globalUniqueIdentifier
  • Dates
  • modified
  • endValidDate
  • startValidDate
  • Location
  • countryCode
  • stateProvince
  • county
  • localityName
  • localityType
  • locationStandard
  • locationValue

9
GUIDs
  • Global unique identifier
  • Will accept existing GUIDs, if provided
  • If not provided, recommend DwC-recommended
    standard and authority for persistent and
    resolvable GUIDs
  • www.gisin.org/guid will be the authority for now.
  • GUID permalink
  • gisin.org/guid/InstitutionCode/CollectionCode/
    CatalogNumber
  • Example gisin.org/guid/niiss/godm/34654

10
Descriptive Concepts
  • Language
  • Required if any text is provided
  • Memo
  • Additional information from providers
  • Citation
  • Appropriate citation for each record
  • Must be maintained as data is repeated (retain
    previous provider citation)
  • GUIDs also helpful for this
  • Available for all data models.

11
Species (Required - all)
  • Scientific Name
  • Specific epithet for the species
  • Prefer Genus species without author
  • Bromus tectorum
  • Tamarix
  • Kingdom (enumerated)
  • Required to remove ambiguity
  • Can be set for an entire file

12
Date
  • Date format must be YYYY-MM-DD
  • Several date fields
  • Specify temporal precision
  • Year, month, or day
  • Start and end date can
  • be the same

13
Location
  • One required by
  • SpeciesStatus
  • Occurrence
  • 3 Methods of specifying location in use
  • Latitude/Longitude (Occurrence only)
  • Locality An enumerated type with a name
  • Location an enumerated standard with a code

14
Locality
  • countryCode
  • Standard Country code (ISO 3166)
  • stateProvince
  • Text in countrys primary language
  • county
  • Text in countrys primary language
  • Locality
  • localityType (enumerated) Waterbody, Locality
    (city), Island, etc.
  • localityName Name of the area

15
Location
  • locationStandad
  • USA_FIPS, USA_HUC, AR_PostalCode
  • locationValue
  • Varies with standard
  • Contact us about adding additional types or
    standards.

16
Latitude/Longitude
  • Required
  • Decimal Latitude 40.123
  • Decimal Longitude -105.23
  • Optional
  • geodeticDatum WGS84, HARN
  • coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
  • georeferenceProtocol (enumerated)
  • Datum should be required

17
Occurrences
  • Required Concepts
  • scientificName
  • kingdom
  • Any type of location
  • Coordinates, Locality, or Location
  • Optional
  • startCollectionDate
  • endCollectionDate
  • collectionDatePrecision
  • georeferenceProtocol
  • coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
  • Datum

18
SpeciesStatus
  • Required
  • scientificName
  • kingdom
  • Locality or location
  • Model specific
  • harmful
  • origin
  • presence
  • Optional
  • startValidDate,
  • endValidDate
  • validDatePrecision
  • abundance
  • distribution
  • persistence
  • rateOfSpread
  • regulartoryListing
  • trend
  • publicationDate
  • publicationDatePrecision

19
Presence
  • Presence
  • Unknown
  • Absent
  • SometimesPresent
  • Present
  • Reported

20
Harmful and Origin
  • Harmful
  • Unknown
  • Yes
  • Potentially
  • No
  • Together
  • Harmful Yes, Origin Exotic -gt Invasive
  • Origin
  • Unknown
  • Indigenous
  • Exotic

21
SpeciesResourceURL
  • Required
  • scientificName, kingdom
  • resourceType
  • Profile, Expert list, Image, Video, Reference
    list, Identification key, Risk assessment,
    Unknown
  • URL
  • Full Uniform Resource Locator
  • http//www.issg.org/database/species/ecology.asp?s
    i1538fr1stslangEN
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